Roman carvings : GMAT Verbal Section
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# Roman carvings

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Manager
Joined: 08 Oct 2010
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16 Oct 2010, 23:31
Researchers have recently argued that ancient Roman carvings with elaborate designs were produced by artisans whose farsightedness enabled them to do such intricate work from a distance. They also suggest that since farsightedness is hereditary guilds and families specializing in this work may have favored the recurrence of farsightedness.

Which of the following, if true, would weaken the researchers’ argument?

(A) Roman artisans were influenced by their Greek predecessors and often translated designs of Greek carvings into Roman designs

(B) Farsighted individuals are less able than those with ordinary vision to identify objects that are at a close distance to them.

(C) Visual aids were not available until the thirteenth century, when Roger Bacon invented eyeglasses

Pls., help with a correct choice!?

(D) Artisans today are unable to reproduce the carvings of ancient Roman artisans without the aid of high- powered lenses, first produced in the thirteenth century

(E) The eyesight of farsighted individuals and those with ordinary vision is not significantly different if the objects viewed are more than a few feet away
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16 Oct 2010, 23:56
(A) Roman artisans were influenced by their Greek predecessors and often translated designs of Greek carvings into Roman designs
Out of scope.

(C) Visual aids were not available until the thirteenth century, when Roger Bacon invented eyeglasses
Irrelevant

(D) Artisans today are unable to reproduce the carvings of ancient Roman artisans without the aid of high- powered lenses, first produced in the thirteenth century
Irrelevant. If anything, strengthens the argument.

(B) Farsighted individuals are less able than those with ordinary vision to identify objects that are at a close distance to them.
The passage mentions that the artisans did intricate work 'from a distance' so it doesn't matter how good vision was for close distances.

(E) The eyesight of farsighted individuals and those with ordinary vision is not significantly different if the objects viewed are more than a few feet away
Correct answer. Weakens the argument by saying that there is no difference in vision quality between farsighted and ordinary people if the objects are at a distance. So the researchers argument that farsightedness enabled the artisans to do intricate work from a distance is false.
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Manager
Joined: 08 Oct 2010
Posts: 213
Location: Uzbekistan
Schools: Johnson, Fuqua, Simon, Mendoza
WE 3: 10
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 668 [0], given: 974

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17 Oct 2010, 00:21
Thanks Siyer
Re: Roman carvings   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2010, 00:21
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