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# Sales of United States manufactured goods to

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VP
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Sales of United States manufactured goods to [#permalink]  10 Mar 2005, 08:45
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43% (01:38) correct 57% (00:46) wrong based on 4 sessions
18. Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan. (A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year (B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year (C) 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure (D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was (E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure Director Joined: 04 Jul 2004 Posts: 905 Followers: 4 Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 0 [#permalink] 10 Mar 2005, 16:56 banerjeea_98 wrote: why "E", why not "B" ? because here which is introducing a non-restrictive clause and thus "which" should modify immediate Noun preceding comma. So, here it is modifying year 1992. (B) also has same problem. (C): run on sentence (D): more than is not correct. Director Joined: 25 Jan 2004 Posts: 728 Location: Milwaukee Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 0 [#permalink] 10 Mar 2005, 21:47 jpv, that is not always true, especially when you have a prepositional phrase behind which Anyway,what is the OA on this? _________________ Praveen SVP Joined: 03 Jan 2005 Posts: 2250 Followers: 13 Kudos [?]: 220 [0], given: 0 [#permalink] 10 Mar 2005, 23:06 jpv wrote: praveen_rao7 wrote: jpv, that is not always true, especially when you have a prepositional phrase behind which Anyway,what is the OA on this? Please provide some examples... The little green house on that mountain, which is built by myself ten years ago, somehow has disappeared when I came back from my trip to the Europe. Is the which not right? I mean of couse I wouldn't have build that mountain. GMAT Club Legend Joined: 07 Jul 2004 Posts: 5077 Location: Singapore Followers: 22 Kudos [?]: 186 [0], given: 0 [#permalink] 10 Mar 2005, 23:21 A and B are out. using 'which' to introduce the modifier '14%...." incorrectly modifies the action 'rose' we need 'an amount' to clearly state what we're referring to. 'higher is idomatic to more'. E it is. GMAT Club Legend Joined: 15 Dec 2003 Posts: 4312 Followers: 28 Kudos [?]: 219 [0], given: 0 [#permalink] 11 Mar 2005, 05:38 "which" could be used as a restrictive or non-restrictive clause. Also, "which", as Praveen said, does not always refer to the immediately preceding word. Sometimes, "which", much like an absolute phrase does, will refer to the previous sentence as a whole. ie My brother got 95% in his exam, which really surprised me given the amount of studying he put in. "which" here does not refer to subject of prepositional phrase "exam" as Praveen said. That said, I believe best answer is E because b/w two answer choices in GMAT world, if one has a clear referrent as E does, I would pick it over B _________________ Best Regards, Paul Last edited by Paul on 11 Mar 2005, 06:37, edited 1 time in total. Intern Joined: 13 Jan 2005 Posts: 39 Location: Moscow, Russia Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0 Re: SC#18 [#permalink] 11 Mar 2005, 05:57 banerjeea_98 wrote: 18. Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countries rose to$167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

(A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
(B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
(C) 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure
(D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
(E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure

I think B lacks IN before THE PREVIOUS YEAR and IT in B hasn't strong reference
VP
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[#permalink]  11 Mar 2005, 07:51
I chose "B" as well, but OA is "E"...no OE.
Senior Manager
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[#permalink]  11 Mar 2005, 10:07
banerjeea_98 wrote:
why "E", why not "B" ?

you are comparing the number here, "an amount" better matches with "167 Billion".
Director
Joined: 25 Jan 2004
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[#permalink]  11 Mar 2005, 10:43
Thanks for your comments Paul & HongHu

I guess in my opinion main thing this is differenciating choice B & E is use of more vs higher

I tried to look up on Google to get a better understanding on when to use one over the other, but was unsuccessful

Can anybody throw some light on more vs higher?. Thanks

I think more is for objects higher is for numbers?????
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Praveen

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[#permalink]  11 Mar 2005, 12:03
Paul wrote:
"which" could be used as a restrictive or non-restrictive clause. Also, "which", as Praveen said, does not always refer to the immediately preceding word. Sometimes, "which", much like an absolute phrase does, will refer to the previous sentence as a whole.

ie My brother got 95% in his exam, which really surprised me given the amount of studying he put in.

"which" here does not refer to subject of prepositional phrase "exam" as Praveen said.

That said, I believe best answer is E because b/w two answer choices in GMAT world, if one has a clear referrent as E does, I would pick it over B

I agree totally. In GMAT world "which" has to point to a clear referrent (even if it is not necessarily immediately before the comma). In (B) "which" doesn't have a clear referrent.
Director
Joined: 19 Nov 2004
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[#permalink]  11 Mar 2005, 12:30
If the sentence were:
"Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countries, which is 14 ...."

then 'which' clearly refers to the subject 'sales' after ignoring the prepositional phrase "of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countries"

I learnt to ignore prep phrases and parenthetical elements to find the correct subject from the following post: http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... c&start=20

But here the sentence (choice B) starts with a clause
"Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countries rose to \$167 billion in 1992, which is 14 ..."

Ignoring the prep phrases the sentence can be written as "Sales rose, which is .."
=> which does not refer to the subject Sales clearly as we have the verb in between.

Does 'which' in "Sales rose, which is ..", refer to the concept of "increase in sales" as in the sentence My brother got 95% in his exam, which really surprised me given the amount of studying he put in making it still correct?

Still a bit confused. Correct me if my understanding is wrong
[/i]
Director
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[#permalink]  11 Mar 2005, 18:25
nocilis wrote:
Does 'which' in "Sales rose, which is ..", refer to the concept of "increase in sales" as in the sentence My brother got 95% in his exam, which really surprised me given the amount of studying he put in making it still correct?

Still a bit confused. Correct me if my understanding is wrong
[/i]

I think ur logic makes sense. Here (B) can not be correct since sentence is using a verb (rose) and paranthetical element (14 percent higher than the previous year's figure) is crying for "sales".

Thank you all for such a nice discussion..
[#permalink] 11 Mar 2005, 18:25
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# Sales of United States manufactured goods to

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