Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to

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Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again
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i would pick (A)

Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A) Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease. -

(1) "began to grow" is better than "began growing again"

(2) "but they began to grow again after the 1991 report" immediately after the comma makes more sense

(3) "the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease" is better than "the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate consumption of alcohol, particularly of red wine"

(B) Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate consumption of alcohol, particularly of red wine, they began growing again
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Sales of wines declines in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease
Correct.
B)after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again.
"red wine" incorrectly refers to consumption.
C)in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again.
moderate alcohol consumption - caused them to begin to grow again. Changes the meaning because the report, not the consumption caused the growth.
D)with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
"red wine" incorrectly refers to consumption.
E)a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again.
reduced risk started them growing again.

Ans: "A"
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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First thing is that there is a transcriptional error. But should not be underlined. But being underlined, changes the entire complexion of the topic. That is why Vips0000 got the structure wrong, I suppose
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Will go with A since PARTICULARLY RED WINE is placed better in A than in B
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Have to go with A here.
In choice B "particularly that of Red Wine" would make sense -- as they are talking about consumption of alcohol and not the type of wine.
Also the phrase "Began growing" -- seems awkward but I do not believe is grammatically incorrect. That is not the error that renders choice B incorrect.
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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C,D & E are confusing. B illogically makes alcohol consumption parallel to red wine. Choice A uses "of red wine" correctly.

Answer Is A
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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Hey Souvik.. how r u doing. :)

Well, coming to this question,
This sentence starts with a clause and a comma can not simply be used without any conjunction to combine it to another clause to complete it correctly. Therefore original sentece is correct while all options are incorrect. (Note that in question posted even the option A doesnt have 'but', and therefore option A is not a repeat of original sentence. Hoping it to be a typo - Ans is A.

souvik101990 wrote:
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
CORRECT
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
This is a good option, it was between A and B. Here the problem is that "red wine" is not a "moderate alcohol consumption"
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
"which" refers to red wine, and not to "moderate alcohol consumption", changing the meaning of the sentence. "to begin to grow" I'm not sure that is the right idiom (we are in the past); and I would add that the entire structure is not clear "Sale ... declined in the late 1980s, but in a 1991 report " (their are not well linked together)
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
"in a 1991 report" is misplaced, same problem as B for the "red wine".
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again
"and in particular red wine" doesn't fit into the structure, what does it refer to?(it seems to modify the "1991 report") "started them growing" is not idiomatic
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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Devlikes wrote:
LM wrote:
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again



(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again

Doubt
: One of the reasons for which I rejected choice B is because "growing" was modifying the verb "began"

Can a verb-ed/verb-ing modifier modify a verb ?

Thanks alot ! :)
Devansh


First, "growing" is not a modifier, but the object of the verb "began". Began what? began growing. "What" question leads to object, not modifier.

Second, verb-ing or present participle modifiers can be used to modify verbs.
She went home crying. How did she go home? crying. "How" question leads to modifier.
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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19941010 wrote:
thanks for the explanation. but, i'm still not quite sure . i thought that ,and was used only in 2 situations-
1. X,Y,AND Z - parallel
2. IC ,AND IC - separate independent clause

can you please clarify why not a simple (without comma) and was used to draw parallel b/n alcohol and red wine ?

Hi 19941010, in this sentence, , and particularly of red wine, is something called a parenthetical construct. It basically temporarily halts the flow of the sentence and hence, is delimited by commas. So, the core of the sentence is:

...that linked moderate consumption of alcohol with a reduced risk of heart disease.
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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19941010 wrote:
iMyself wrote:
Here is the correct sentence:
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
here, Comma (,)+'and' is used to make parallelism between 'of alcohol' and 'of red wine'
Hope it clears.
Thanks...


thanks for the explanation. but, i'm still not quite sure . i thought that ,and was used only in 2 situations-
1. X,Y,AND Z - parallel
2. IC ,AND IC - separate independent clause

can you please clarify why not a simple (without comma) and was used to draw parallel b/n alcohol and red wine ?
thanks a lot !

I'm not an expert. I also ask question in this forum so as to get response from expert.
As far i know, comma (,)+'and' is used for 3 reasons.like below:
1) to make list (where at list 3 things of list)
2) 'comma+ coordinated conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet)+subject' to make independent clause.
3) to make parallelism
also, the use of only 'and' (not comma+and) is used to make parallelism though they treats as 2 different ideas.
if i make any mistake please help expert.
Thanks...
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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iMyself wrote:
19941010 wrote:
iMyself wrote:
Here is the correct sentence:
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
here, Comma (,)+'and' is used to make parallelism between 'of alcohol' and 'of red wine'
Hope it clears.
Thanks...


thanks for the explanation. but, i'm still not quite sure . i thought that ,and was used only in 2 situations-
1. X,Y,AND Z - parallel
2. IC ,AND IC - separate independent clause

can you please clarify why not a simple (without comma) and was used to draw parallel b/n alcohol and red wine ?
thanks a lot !

I'm not an expert. I also ask question in this forum so as to get response from expert.
As far i know, comma (,)+'and' is used for 3 reasons.like below:
1) to make list (where at list 3 things of list)
2) 'comma+ coordinated conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet)+subject' to make independent clause.
3) to make parallelism
also, the use of only 'and' (not comma+and) is used to make parallelism though they treats as 2 different ideas.
if i make any mistake please help expert.
Thanks...


Regarding comma + "and" combination, remembering the following two rules would be enough in my opinion:

1. In a list comma before "and" is optional.
I like the colors red, blue and green.... correct
I like the colors red, blue, and green.... correct

2. When joining two independent clauses comma + "and" is mandatory. When joining two verbs "and" WITHOUT comma is mandatory.

I play and sing... correct
I play, and sing... wrong
I play and I sing... wrong
I play, and I sing... correct
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Re: GMAT PREP (SC) [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2010, 03:09
A

B is wrong because of the phrase red wine. In A it is clearly marked as the consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine. This phrase creates no cinfusion.

C, D, E are awkward
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Re: GMAT PREP (SC) [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2010, 08:55
sasen wrote:
Will go with A since PARTICULARLY RED WINE is placed better in A than in B


What do you mean by red wine is placed better? Can you please explain?
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Re: GMAT PREP (SC) [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2010, 10:42
LM wrote:
sasen wrote:
Will go with A since PARTICULARLY RED WINE is placed better in A than in B


What do you mean by red wine is placed better? Can you please explain?


Consider an example: Hary brought some nice chocolaes,especially the ones with caramel inside them.

ESPECIALLY has to be immediately followed by the set of items which ESPECIALLY needs to highlight.
Coming back to our question, PARTICULARLY has to be immediately followed by the set of ietms (WINE) to highlight.
But in B, it is not the case...
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New post 09 May 2010, 19:01
I say A, although I chose between A & B a bit differently.

Choice B says: "..., particularly red wine,..." in reference to consumption. However, the noun phrase that fits would be "the consumption OF red wine," rather than "the consumption red wine." Thus, A fits better, because it says "and particularly OF red wine"
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New post 31 May 2011, 07:44
LM wrote:
Please explain...

A. Correct
B. should be said "Particularly of red wine"
C. Which referring red wine other than referring consumption
D. missing of red wine
E. Missing of red wine.
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Re: GMAT PREP (SC) [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2011, 12:04
LM wrote:
Please explain...


This is a good example of the GMAT guys throwing in answer choices in the passive voice (C), (D), and (E).

Passive is not necessarily wrong--just keep an eye out for it as it is usually NOT PREFERRED.

(C): "which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease"

(D): "with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report"

(E): "a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption"

Notice (A) is phrased "they began to grow after the [report] that linked [A] with [B]" is clearer and stronger in the active voice.
(B) is also stronger in active voice "the 1991 report that linked [A] with [B]".

Also in (B), "a moderate alcohol consumption" can simply be "moderate alcohol consumption."
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Re: GMAT PREP (SC)   [#permalink] 31 May 2011, 12:04

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