Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the

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Intern
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Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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29 May 2004, 04:23
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Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time those had
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
SVP
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29 May 2004, 17:43
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This is talking about verb inversion + the verb ellipsed.

that flourished at the same time as did ( Inverted verb before the noun and also ellipsed) the civilizations.

Inverted verb comes before the noun. Sentence like these carry high marks.
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Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2005, 23:34
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Koro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.
(A)
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time those had
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were
Director
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02 Feb 2005, 01:20
Between (B) and (D). Go for (B) since I don't know what "those" in (D) refers to. Little suspect about the use of past perfect in (B) though.
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02 Feb 2005, 04:55
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HongHu wrote:
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Koro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.
(A)
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time those had
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were

b/w A and B, I go with A.
(B) past perfect tense is needless.
(C)(D)(E) those has no referent
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02 Feb 2005, 05:30
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A !

because first action "threaten" is present tense and second action took place before the first action and therefore past tense "flourished" is needed. moreover the comparision between the civilizations is right
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05 Feb 2005, 11:14
(B)...probably doesn't need past perfect but other choices don't sound even this good.
(A)...Time compared with Civilization ..I guess
(C)..."as" missing...and "did" should have been better than "had" may be
(D) and (E)..-ings..don't know why we need that.

(B)
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16 Feb 2005, 07:13
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization (that flourished at the same time as the civilizations) in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time those had
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were
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16 Feb 2005, 08:13
it is A)

because it uses the right tense (past tense; because it happened before the first action => "threaten") and it compares civilizations to civilizations
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16 Feb 2005, 09:22
if we go by ellipsis
IMO it should be like this--

the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations had flourished in the nile delta and the river valleys of-----.

am i right, or should it be

the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations flourished in the nile delta and the river valleys of-----

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16 Feb 2005, 13:28
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A it is

Choices d,e are out because partcipal phrase flourishing.... is modifying site which is in correct. that leaves us with choices A,B & C

B & C are out because of improper use of tenses. Hence you are left with A
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16 Feb 2005, 13:32
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B

thought of it as an act that stopped long ago and so we need "had".

on exam though, I would've picked A since it sounds right!
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17 Feb 2005, 18:21
if we go by ellipsis
IMO it should be like this--

the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations had flourished in the nile delta and the river valleys of-----.

am i right, or should it be

the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations flourished in the nile delta and the river valleys of-----

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14 Mar 2005, 18:56
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization (that flourished at the same time as the civilizations) in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time those had
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were
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15 Mar 2005, 09:31
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Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization (that flourished at the same time as the civilizations) in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
- 'that' introduces an essential modifier for the 'civilization' preceding the phrase. the use of past tense would make the mohenjo civilization exists in the same time as the civilizations in the nile and tigris/euphrates had

(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
- 'past perfect' suggests the Mohenjo civilization died out before the civilizations in the Nilte delta and river valleys of tigris and euphrates

(C) that flourished at the same time those had
- 'those does not have a clear referent'

(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
- 'those' does not have a referent

(E) flourishing at the same time as those were
- 'those' does not have a referent

A it is.
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Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2005, 12:25
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization (that flourished at the same time as the civilizations) in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time those had
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were

IM TORN BTW A/B....GUESS IT SHOULD BE B.
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i hate when people do'nt post the OA, it leaves in guessing!!!!

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09 Apr 2005, 15:15
banerjeea_98 wrote:
don't think past perfect is reqd...sentence says sametime, shud be "A"

Agree! Past Perfect is only required when u r describing one(1) incident before another(2) and (2) is in Past tense.
(A)
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09 Apr 2005, 16:03

i remember posting this question, where i picked B as the answere.
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09 Apr 2005, 22:40
IF A IS ANSWER,,,DO'NT U THINK IT COMPARES FLORISHING OF THE CIVILIZATION WITH CIVILIZATION,,,,,,,,,,,,WHEREAS B DOES REMOVE THIS AMBIGUITY
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i hate when people do'nt post the OA, it leaves in guessing!!!!

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10 Apr 2005, 07:06
[quote="karun_aggarwal"]IF A IS ANSWER,,,DO'NT U THINK IT COMPARES FLORISHING OF THE CIVILIZATION WITH CIVILIZATION,,,,,,,,,,,,WHEREAS B DOES REMOVE THIS AMBIGUITY[/quote]

I think it's A. I understand what you're getting at between A and B, but the way the construction is set up, the sentences say the same thing. The difference is the use of the past perfect, which is unneccessary in this case because the civilizations flourished at the same time.
10 Apr 2005, 07:06

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