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SanFransiscans of the 1890's mocked the claim that declared

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SanFransiscans of the 1890's mocked the claim that declared [#permalink] New post 16 Feb 2008, 07:30
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SanFransiscans of the 1890's mocked the claim that declared LA a world city, yet within 20 years a powerful municipal will had made this boast a reality.

1. yet within 20 years a powerful municipal will had made this boast a reality
2. yet within 20 years a powerful municipal will made this boast a reality
3. yet a powerful municipal within 20 years will make this boast a reality
4. yet this boast had become a reality within 20 years
5. yet within 20 years a municipal will had made this boast a powerful reality
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Re: SC - past perfect vs. past tense [#permalink] New post 16 Feb 2008, 09:02
The first clause is in simple past and second clause needs to be in future (claim).

1. yet within 20 years a powerful municipal will had made this boast a reality [will had made – incorrect usage of past perfect – eliminate it]
2. yet within 20 years a powerful municipal will made this boast a reality [made is “make” simple past – eliminate it]
3. yet a powerful municipal within 20 years will make this boast a reality [Hold it]
4. yet this boast had become a reality within 20 years [Grammatically correct but sentence meaning wise incorrect – as first clause is in simple past and if the second clause needs to be in future – eliminate it]
5. yet within 20 years a municipal will had made this boast a powerful reality [incorrect usage – eliminate it]

Answer: 3
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Re: SC - past perfect vs. past tense [#permalink] New post 16 Feb 2008, 09:20
Either 3 or 4, and I would tend to go with 4.

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Re: SC - past perfect vs. past tense [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2008, 11:39
Thanks for responding.

The correct answer is supposedly "A". The explanation being, "past perfect is required because there are two actions, one ending before the other." This question was from a Kaplan test.

However, I don't understand this explanation, because the clause that uses past-perfect ('..municipal will had made the boast a reality...') happened *after* the 'Sanfransiscans mocked the claim.' The past-perfect, should be in the first clause and not the second. My understanding of past-perfect is that it's used to show the action which happened first. Would you agree?

I chose 2, because both the actions happened in the past so the 2nd clause, which is underlined, can't use a future tense and therefore I used simple tense.

BTW, I didn't choose 4 because it modified municipal from noun, in the original sentence, to adverb.
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Re: SC - past perfect vs. past tense [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2008, 12:47
yes there are two actions involved and municipal will had made the boast a reality is the earlier one. See.
yet within 20 years a powerful municipal will had made this boast a reality.
Got it?
okay, see it this way
municipal will had made this boast a reality before passing 20 years.
earlier action- municipal will had made this boast a reality
later action- passing of 20 years.

Ans. is A
Re: SC - past perfect vs. past tense   [#permalink] 17 Feb 2008, 12:47
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SanFransiscans of the 1890's mocked the claim that declared

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