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The OA is D indeed... I picked A didn't see any idioms as it wasn't the focus of my h/w... and I am not good with idioms anyways...
I wanted to briefly disscuss the CONDITIONALS and the TENSES that practically give the wrong answers away... you might know it already, but review is always helpful (feel free to add what you know on this matter)!
Conditional Sentences are known as Conditional Clauses or "If" Clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled.
There are 3 Types of those:
Type 1 It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled. We don't know for sure whether the condition actually will be fulfilled or not, but the conditions seems rather realistic â€“ so we think it is likely to happen.
Formula: if + Simple Present, will-Future
Example: If I go to Ireland, I will visit Dublin.
Type 2 It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled. Conditional Sentences Type II refer to situations in the present. An action could happen if the present situation were different. I don't really expect the situation to change, however. I just imagine â€žwhat would happen if â€¦â€œ
Formula: if + Simple Past, Conditional I (= would + Infinitive)
Example: If I went to Ireland, I would visit Dublin. (I felt this one sounded kind of awkward, but I guess gramatically correct)
Type 3 It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past. Conditional Sentences Type III refer to situations in the past. An action could have happened in the past if a certain condition had been fulfilled. Things were different then, however. We just imagine, what would have happened if the situation had been fulfilled.
Formula: if + Past Perfect, Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle)
Example: If I had gone to Ireland, I would have visited Dublin.
REMEMBER: 1)"WOULD/WILL" never appears in the "IF" clause and you can easily eliminate choices based on that fact!!!
2) If the tense is PRESENT SIMPLE, then, the condition is likely to be either PAST SIMPLE or FUTURE SIMPLE, NOT anything else, meaning the tenses should be parallel (If PAST PERFECT -> Then PRESENT PERFECT) etc
3) Do NOT go by "what sounds right"... YOU WILL get it wrong... So if this subject is your weak area (like it was mine) never go by this rule!
4) If I WERE blah..., the blah... many know this rule (i didn't, it thought it was SVA )
If I go to Ireland, I will visit Dublin. : Part 1 is future and part 2 is also future.
If I went to Ireland, I would visit Dublin: Part 1 is past and part 2 is also past.
If I had gone to Ireland, I would have visited Dublin: Part 1 is past perfect(OK) and part 2 is also past perfect(HAVE VISITED... isn't this Present Perfect? "would" doesn't turn it into past perfect)
I think its all about ||ism.
Also, when talking about tenses in conditional, the meaning, it seems, is important part of the puzzle... yet when I was talking about eliminating choices based on tense, I was thinking about the verb forms themselves... like in the examples : "if I WENT (past simple), then I VISIT (present simple)"... etc
I will do more research on "WOULD", but for now one rule I am CERTAIN about is that you never use "would" in the "IF" CLAUSE!!!
Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).
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Re: SC: Conditional Sentences Review
15 Oct 2015, 13:06