SC Doubt : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# SC Doubt

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09 Jan 2014, 22:24
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Hi,

While practicing SC I encountered this question and the OA has me stumped.
So, if anyone can clarify as to what the answer should be with reasoning, would be much appreciated.

Q. According to a 1996 Survey by the National Association of College and University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under 8,000$a year than those that charge over 16,000$.

A. than those that charge
B. than are charging
C. than to charge
D. as charge
E. as those charging
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Re: SC Doubt [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2014, 02:03
According to a 1996 Survey by the National Association of College and University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under 8,000$a year than those that charge over 16,000$.

A. than those that charge
B. than are charging
C. than to charge
D. as charge
E. as those charging

So, we have two splits :
1st split: A,B,C : than
2nd split : D,E : as

the correct idiom : more than three times as many X as Y
Hence, A,B and C OUT

Now, simplify the sentence as much as possible:

Three times as many institutions charge under $8,000 a year than those that charge over$16,000.

The sentence pattern is:
<quantity> as many <subject> <verb phrase> as <verb phrase>.

So, we'll keep D and throw E because of parallelism. ( charge vs charging )

Hope that helps
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Last edited by Rock750 on 10 Jan 2014, 03:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC Doubt [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2014, 02:14
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In the absence of the OA, it is difficult to surmise what could have stumped the poster.

Q. According to a 1996 Survey by the National Association of College and University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under 8,000$a year than those that charge over 16,000$.

A. than those that charge------- More than three times than those that charge; use of than twice is ungrammatical

B. than are charging ----same as in A

C. than to charge---- the use of infinitive does not make any sense here.

D. as charge ----Although some prefer this as the right choice because of better parallelism, still IMO, there is a serious distortion of meaning in this; The way charge is used as a noun gives a feeling that the more than three times of Institutions indulge in a charge of $8000 over and above$16000, bringing the total charge close to $24000 E. as those charging --- looks to me somewhat better than others, despite the pricking parallelism issue between those charge and as those charging. What is the OA and source? _________________ “Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb. 9884544509 Manager Joined: 28 Jul 2013 Posts: 84 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 3 Re: SC Doubt [#permalink] ### Show Tags 10 Jan 2014, 03:40 daagh wrote: E. as those charging --- looks to me somewhat better than others, despite the pricking parallelism issue between those charge and as those charging. What is the OA and source? E cannot be the answer, because with E, the sentence will be: ...as those (institutions) charging over 16,000$ (charge)!!
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Re: SC Doubt [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2014, 14:02
I trump E over D.

I agree that Change Vs. Charging lacks llsm.. but it complies with "as many... as" llsm..

Also E trumps over D which which doesn't refer to what is actually charging..

A, B, and C are obviously out because we don't want "than" but "as"..
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Re: SC Doubt [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2014, 16:15
Thanks a lot for the prompt response people.
The OA is D, but can someone please explain why it cannot be E?
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Re: SC Doubt [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2014, 10:11
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dk09 wrote:
Thanks a lot for the prompt response people.
The OA is D, but can someone please explain why it cannot be E?

E cannot be the answer because the parallelism within the comparison is broken.

E states: "as many independent institutions ... charge ... under $8,000 ... as those charging over$16,000."
The parallel construction needs to have the same verb form, charge, and not insert the extra, non-parallel word, "those".

D states: "as many independent institutions ... charge ... under $8,000 ... as charge over$16,000."
This one has the correct verb form and doesn't include any non-parallel words.

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Re: SC Doubt [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2014, 01:24
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I use standard sentence as following to see the balance of comparison in given question.

Same subject doing two different action:
In world war 2 as many Americans were killed as were killed in Vietnam war. simply verb is expected in later half of comparison.

Cut the crap and compare it with above standard sentence.
as many independent institutions charge fees of under 8,000$as charge over 16,000$.

I would suggest you write down simple sentences in every possible manner by moving verb inside outside of as many as or every possible way. This exercise will surely help you in understanding the flow of comparison.
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Re: SC Doubt   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2014, 01:24
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