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# SC doubt

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SC doubt [#permalink]  20 Jul 2009, 01:24
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75% (01:31) correct 25% (01:23) wrong based on 47 sessions
97. Although the coordination of monetary policy can help facilitate the orderly financing of existing imbalances, it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant in the absence of an appropriate fiscal adjustment.
(A) it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant
(B) it is unlikely that the size of their effect would be significant
(C) affecting their sizes are not likely to be significant
(D) the significance of their effect on its size is unlikely
(E) its effect on their size is not likely to be significant

The OA is E,but why cant the ans be A.plz explain
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  20 Jul 2009, 03:04
shrutisingh wrote:
97. Although the coordination of monetary policy can help facilitate the orderly financing of existing imbalances, it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant in the absence of an appropriate fiscal adjustment.
(A) it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant
(B) it is unlikely that the size of their effect would be significant
(C) affecting their sizes are not likely to be significant
(D) the significance of their effect on its size is unlikely
(E) its effect on their size is not likely to be significant

The OA is E,but why cant the ans be A.plz explain

A has amiguity, it and its.
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  04 Aug 2009, 13:22
shrutisingh wrote:
97. Although the coordination of monetary policy can help facilitate the orderly financing of existing imbalances, it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant in the absence of an appropriate fiscal adjustment.
(A) it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant
(B) it is unlikely that the size of their effect would be significant
(C) affecting their sizes are not likely to be significant
(D) the significance of their effect on its size is unlikely
(E) its effect on their size is not likely to be significant

The OA is E,but why cant the ans be A.plz explain

Well E is correct for the reason the we need a possesive pronoun "its" to state the effect of monetary policy.

and E correctly follows the S+V+ O.....S+V+ O----------> form "the coordination of monetary policy+ can help facilitate + existing imbalances " ....." its effect on their size "
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  06 Aug 2009, 18:37
The it and its complicate the statement and make the pronoun ambiguous.

E corrects this error
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  06 Aug 2009, 22:50
IMO E
(A) it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant - The use of IS does not sound right to me.. I would be ok with , it is unlikely that its effect on their size will be significant. Besides it is wordy when we have E.
(B) it is unlikely that the size of their effect would be significant - size of their effect is totally wrong. Whose effect? coordination of monetary policy... subj-verb error. besides would is wrong tense
(C) affecting their sizes are not likely to be significant - subj -verb error
(D) the significance of their effect on its size is unlikely - changed the meaning
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  15 May 2010, 22:07
A is wordy, ambiguos and has tense error, E makes these correction and is concise. hence best fits.
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  07 Jun 2010, 19:18
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Hey All,

Everybody's pretty much talked this one to death, but I got asked by PM to take on one particular issue, so I'll just run through all the answer choices, while I'm here.

97. Although the coordination of monetary policy can help facilitate the orderly financing of existing imbalances, it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant in the absence of an appropriate fiscal adjustment.
(A) it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant
PROBLEM: The use of "it" here twice to mean two different things is grammatically unfeasible. The first "it" has no referent (That's the "it" we use to start out clauses, such as "It's crazy how much fire there is in here."), and the second refers to "the coordination..."

(B) it is unlikely that the size of their effect would be significant
PROBLEM: We want to imply the effect on the size of imbalances, not the size of the effect.

(C) affecting their sizes are not likely to be significant
PROBLEM: The subject of "are" here is...what? Maybe "affecting"...doesn't make any sense.

(D) the significance of their effect on its size is unlikely
PROBLEM: We don't mean the significance is unlikely, but that it's unlikely to be significant.

(E) its effect on their size is not likely to be significant
ANSWER: Isn't it pretty? Like in ALL the answer choices, the "its" refers to "the coordination...".

Hope that helps!

-t
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  17 Jul 2010, 06:20
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

Everybody's pretty much talked this one to death, but I got asked by PM to take on one particular issue, so I'll just run through all the answer choices, while I'm here.

97. Although the coordination of monetary policy can help facilitate the orderly financing of existing imbalances, it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant in the absence of an appropriate fiscal adjustment.
(A) it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant
PROBLEM: The use of "it" here twice to mean two different things is grammatically unfeasible. The first "it" has no referent (That's the "it" we use to start out clauses, such as "It's crazy how much fire there is in here."), and the second refers to "the coordination..."

(B) it is unlikely that the size of their effect would be significant
PROBLEM: We want to imply the effect on the size of imbalances, not the size of the effect.

(C) affecting their sizes are not likely to be significant
PROBLEM: The subject of "are" here is...what? Maybe "affecting"...doesn't make any sense.

(D) the significance of their effect on its size is unlikely
PROBLEM: We don't mean the significance is unlikely, but that it's unlikely to be significant.

(E) its effect on their size is not likely to be significant
ANSWER: Isn't it pretty? Like in ALL the answer choices, the "its" refers to "the coordination...".

Hope that helps!

-t

According to Manhattan SC, the idiom is either "likely to" or "likely that X will". Taking this into account, you can choose E quickly.
Thanks.
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  17 Jul 2010, 10:11
Hey Noboru,

It helps a bit, but it doesn't get you right down to E. As far as I can see, C would work, too. Still, getting rid of three answer choices is pretty good.

-t
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  30 Jul 2010, 16:09
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

Everybody's pretty much talked this one to death, but I got asked by PM to take on one particular issue, so I'll just run through all the answer choices, while I'm here.

97. Although the coordination of monetary policy can help facilitate the orderly financing of existing imbalances, it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant in the absence of an appropriate fiscal adjustment.
(A) it is unlikely that its effect on their size is significant
PROBLEM: The use of "it" here twice to mean two different things is grammatically unfeasible. The first "it" has no referent (That's the "it" we use to start out clauses, such as "It's crazy how much fire there is in here."), and the second refers to "the coordination..."

(B) it is unlikely that the size of their effect would be significant
PROBLEM: We want to imply the effect on the size of imbalances, not the size of the effect.

(C) affecting their sizes are not likely to be significant
PROBLEM: The subject of "are" here is...what? Maybe "affecting"...doesn't make any sense.

(D) the significance of their effect on its size is unlikely
PROBLEM: We don't mean the significance is unlikely, but that it's unlikely to be significant.

(E) its effect on their size is not likely to be significant
ANSWER: Isn't it pretty? Like in ALL the answer choices, the "its" refers to "the coordination...".

Hope that helps!

-t

In this other post: sc-gmatprep-1-federal-reserve-76040-20.html#p757216
I have thrown a question regarding the usage of "it" that you explain above.
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  31 Jul 2010, 10:18
Hey Noburu,

I'll post the same response in both places, just in case. However, I believe that I'm entirely consistent in these two examples. It's okay to start a sentence/clause with it, as in: "It sure is raining a lot today." Yes, that "it" has no antecedent, but we allow this usage. In the example you cite here, the problem in answer choice A is not the first "it", but the second "it", which could be referring to "coordination" or "orderly financing". Though ambiguity is an issue that GMAT sometimes ignores and sometimes doesn't, it's clearly better here to get rid of that extra pronoun. Remember that we ALSO have a "their", which makes for three pronouns in 8 words (in answer choice A).

Hope that's clearer!

-t
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  12 May 2011, 21:14
apart from mentioned reason. i would like to come other reasons too.
A--it is unlikely that........(mean not like that .........it means the possibility of happening is zero.
B-ditto
E-is directly tell what not likely limit----it's effect of .......significance
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  22 Jul 2012, 04:04
So, basically, a sentence can have more than one pronoun if it is not ambiguous?
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  23 Nov 2013, 14:06
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]  03 Dec 2014, 10:57
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: SC doubt   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2014, 10:57
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