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SC - federal law

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SC - federal law [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2008, 18:03
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A
B
C
D
E

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Hey guys

what do u think about this one ?.... its from the crack - Gmat test series

The doctrine applies in Canada, where there is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid and consistent.

1) is a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid
2) are a federal law and a provincial law that are each valid
3) are a federal law and a provincial law both of which are each valid
4) is a federal law and a provincial law both of which are each valid
5) is a federal and provincial law that is each valid

Please support your answer with reasons ... it will help . Thanks
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Re: SC - federal law [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2008, 18:32
between b and c

choose b because shorter, but I have a feeling that it is c

start with "are", because "are" is required for "fed and prov" laws.
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Re: SC - federal law [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2008, 05:32
b for me...c doesn't looks correct " both of which are each ..." sounds wrong to me...are each ..plural and singular... ?
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Re: SC - federal law [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2008, 10:19
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A bit tricky but I'll try to break it down.

For starters, the sentence is telling us that there is a federal law and (there is) a provincial law that are each valid and consistent.

There is a federal law AND (There is) a provincial law. The ‘AND’ is combining two clauses and the expletive construction takes on a singular verb as the second expletive construction is implied since it comes after a conjunction. It is NOT of the form ‘There are (a federal law and a provincial law)’ but of the form mentioned at the start.

However, the relative pronoun ‘THAT’ stands for (the federal law and the provincial law). Hence it will be followed by a plural verb.

That's why we can eliminate B, C and E.

The use of 'both of which are each' in Answer choice D is awkward.

Answer is A
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Re: SC - federal law [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2008, 10:37
Great explanation Legend. +1

I came to A as the answer when I tried to think of another sentence using the same concepts that sounded more familiar to me. I came up with this sentence that helped me realize that A is correct. It's a funny sentence, but it helped me.

In New York there is a blue dot and a red dot that are each on a sign. That helped me see the sentence contains 2 items that are each singluar and therefore, the verb should be singular.

The reason "are" is correct in the second part of the sentence is because the sentence is referring to the 2 items collectively. When refer to 2 individual items collectively, it is plural and therefore "are" is correct.

Alternative sentence:

"A tree and a flower are what the teacher instructed us to paint."
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Re: SC - federal law [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2008, 10:42
OA is B

can someone pls throw some more light on the usage of "are" and "is" in the context of this sentence .. it will help ....
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Re: SC - federal law [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2008, 11:00
Nope, I can't shed any light on that. I think the answer is A for the reasons I posted above. Where did you get this question? Some sources are better than others due to mistakes in the answers.
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Re: SC - federal law [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2008, 11:04
I really find it hard to believe that the answer is B. I'm disappointed now :( .

I guess that's the reason why I normally only do questions from official GMAT questions. ie. OG, GMAT Prep, Sets, 1000 SCs. No other testmaker's questions come close to the quality of those developed by ACT or ETS.
Re: SC - federal law   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2008, 11:04
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