SC - Grammarians pls help : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club App Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 05 Dec 2016, 08:54

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# SC - Grammarians pls help

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 23 Oct 2008
Posts: 23
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 0

SC - Grammarians pls help [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Nov 2008, 18:47
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 0 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

I've got a burning question!

Declining revenues resulting from a decrease in business travel, a source of income without which most commercial airlines could not survive, are going to force many commercial airlines to increase prices and decrease services in the coming months.

(A) a source of income without which most commercial airlines could not survive, are
(B) a source of income without which most commercial airlines could not survive, is
(C) and most commercial airlines use it as a souce of income to survive with, are
(D) which is a source of income which is needed by most commercial airlines who could not survive without it, are
(E) which most commercial airlines use as a source of income without which they are unable to survive, is

Before I reveal the answer. I have something that I would like to ask:

Do you say:
Declining revenues are going to force many commercial airlines...
or
Declining revenues is going to force many commercial airlines...

If you opt for the former, then do you say:
Identifying grammatical errors is a funny thing to do
or
Identifying grammatical errors are a funny thing to do
or
Identifying grammatical errors are funny things to do

Thank you in advance

Btw, the answer is A
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
New!
VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1367
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 593 [1] , given: 10

Re: SC - Grammarians pls help [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Nov 2008, 19:50
1
This post received
KUDOS
Declining revenues are going to force many commercial airlines...
or
Declining revenues is going to force many commercial airlines...

>>>> Subject here is revenues and it is a plural. Therefore a plural verb "are" is required.

If you opt for the former, then do you say:
Identifying grammatical errors is a funny thing to do
or
Identifying grammatical errors are a funny thing to do
or
Identifying grammatical errors are funny things to do
>>>> Subject here is "funny thing" and it is singular. Therefore a singular verb "is" is required.

"Identifying grammatical errors is a funny thing to do" can be written as
"A funny thing to do is identifying grammatical errors ."
Manager
Joined: 26 Oct 2008
Posts: 119
Followers: 12

Kudos [?]: 106 [0], given: 0

Re: SC - Grammarians pls help [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Nov 2008, 18:48
Here are some more details about the difference between "declining revenues" and "identifying grammatical errors".

In "declining revenues", the word "declining" is a participle: a verb form that is serving as an adjective. The word which it is modifying, "revenues" is the word that would have been the subject if "declining" were an actual verb ("decline") instead of a participle. "Revenues" is the subject with which the actual verb of the sentence ("are", which comes much later) must agree.

In "identifying grammatical errors", "identifying" is a gerund: a verb form that is serving as a noun. So in this case, "identifying" is itself the subject of a sentence. A gerund is always singular, and so the verb for which it is the subject must be singular.

This difference between a participle and a gerund is famous in linguistics, because Noam Chomsky used it to prove that the grammar of English cannot be expressed using a Markov or "finite state" process. Chomsky pointed out that the sentence "Flying planes can be dangerous" means two different things, depending on whether "flying planes" is interpreted as "planes which fly" (where "flying" is a participle) or "the activity of flying planes" (where "flying" is a gerund). For reasons which I don't quite understand, a Markov process cannot express this kind of difference.
_________________

Grumpy

Kaplan Canada LSAT/GMAT/GRE teacher and tutor

Re: SC - Grammarians pls help   [#permalink] 19 Nov 2008, 18:48
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
SC - Pls Help Q2...(17/11/11) 0 20 Nov 2011, 17:05
3 SC - Pls Help Q1...(17/11/11) 10 17 Nov 2011, 09:26
1 SC - Pls help Q1 4 15 Nov 2011, 19:55
SC - Pls help with these 3 questions 1 15 Nov 2011, 19:40
SC - explanation pls 2 07 May 2011, 00:21
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# SC - Grammarians pls help

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.