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# SC7

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Intern
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GMAT Sentence Correction (SC): SC 364/1000 [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2009, 03:11
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Hello, not sure why D (the OA) is better than A. Any thoughts?

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.

(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was
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Re: GMAT Sentence Correction (SC): SC 364/1000 [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2009, 07:31
superfreak wrote:
Hello, not sure why D (the OA) is better than A. Any thoughts?

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.

(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

Rewrite the sentence A.

misplaced modifier... Later Generations modify the "resulting from destruction.."
Clearly it wrong : Later gnerations are not resulting from...

D clears this ambiguity.
As result of destruction, L.G lost library stuff.
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10 May 2010, 09:41
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10 May 2010, 20:24
I like d as well, as is used to introduce a dependent clause...
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10 May 2010, 22:13
1
KUDOS
364. In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.
(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

D properly modifies what happened in 391 A.D.
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11 May 2010, 04:31
Please explain why what is wrong with 'E' and also, what makes 'E' to be correct.

Thanks
-H
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11 May 2010, 13:25
harikattamudi wrote:
Please explain why what is wrong with 'E' and also, what makes 'E' to be correct.

Thanks
-H

you have an idiom problem here, if you are going to say (the result was) you have to add (that) after was, and in E it's omitted.
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04 Aug 2011, 17:30
This is a GMAT Prep Question.....Some good explanations at this link -
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/mod ... 11131.html
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Re: GMAT Sentence Correction (SC): SC 364/1000 [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2011, 19:03
superfreak wrote:
Hello, not sure why D (the OA) is better than A. Any thoughts?

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.

(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

elevinty wrote:
harikattamudi wrote:
Please explain why what is wrong with 'E' and also, what makes 'E' to be correct.

Thanks
-H

you have an idiom problem here, if you are going to say (the result was) you have to add (that) after was, and in E it's omitted.

Hi Elevinty,

Buddy, We don't have any idiom like "result was that". The idiom for result are below :
as a result (of something)
because of something that has happened. As a result of the accident, Tom couldn't walk for six months. We couldn't afford to borrow money for a house as a result of the rise in interest rates.

result from something
to emerge from something; to be the outcome of something. It will be interesting to see what results from your efforts. Nothing resulted from all that work.

result in something
to achieve something; to bring about something; to cause something to happen. I hope that this will result in the police finding your car. All my effort resulted in nothing at all.

Hi superfreak,
Let's analyze original sentence after removing all middlemen (prepositional phrases).

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction [strike]of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria[/strike], later generations lost all [strike]all but[/strike] (just using "except" for idiom "all but") the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry[strike]of Pindarand Sappho[/strike] , and dozens of plays [strike]by Aeschylus and Euripides[/strike].
so sentence is :
In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction, later generations lost all except the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics,most of the poetry and dozens of plays.
Now we can see clearly that "resulting from the destruction" is modifying "Later Generation" which is wrong. The meaning of sentence is more or less that later generation which is resulting from the destruciton.
So A is wrong.

(B) the destroying [strike]of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria[/strike] resulted and
Here looks like, "destroying resulted" and "later generation" both lost something.
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
"because of the result of" comes many time in GMAT and this construction is wrong because of redundancy.
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
Correct and concise. as a result of destruction, later generation lost something.
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was[/quote]
"Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed" is a complete sentence so can not be followed with "and the result was",
moreover for coordinating conjunction "and", both part should be parallel which is not the case here.

I hope my explanation helped, If indeed please give me Kudos.
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Re: GMAT Sentence Correction (SC): SC 364/1000 [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2011, 13:06
1
KUDOS
rphardu wrote:
superfreak wrote:
Hello, not sure why D (the OA) is better than A. Any thoughts?

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.

(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

elevinty wrote:
harikattamudi wrote:
Please explain why what is wrong with 'E' and also, what makes 'E' to be correct.

Thanks
-H

you have an idiom problem here, if you are going to say (the result was) you have to add (that) after was, and in E it's omitted.

Hi Elevinty,

Buddy, We don't have any idiom like "result was that". The idiom for result are below :
as a result (of something)
because of something that has happened. As a result of the accident, Tom couldn't walk for six months. We couldn't afford to borrow money for a house as a result of the rise in interest rates.

result from something
to emerge from something; to be the outcome of something. It will be interesting to see what results from your efforts. Nothing resulted from all that work.

result in something
to achieve something; to bring about something; to cause something to happen. I hope that this will result in the police finding your car. All my effort resulted in nothing at all.

Hi superfreak,
Let's analyze original sentence after removing all middlemen (prepositional phrases).

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction [strike]of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria[/strike], later generations lost all [strike]all but[/strike] (just using "except" for idiom "all but") the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry[strike]of Pindarand Sappho[/strike] , and dozens of plays [strike]by Aeschylus and Euripides[/strike].
so sentence is :
In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction, later generations lost all except the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics,most of the poetry and dozens of plays.
Now we can see clearly that "resulting from the destruction" is modifying "Later Generation" which is wrong. The meaning of sentence is more or less that later generation which is resulting from the destruciton.
So A is wrong.

(B) the destroying [strike]of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria[/strike] resulted and
Here looks like, "destroying resulted" and "later generation" both lost something.
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
"because of the result of" comes many time in GMAT and this construction is wrong because of redundancy.
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
Correct and concise. as a result of destruction, later generation lost something.
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

"Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed" is a complete sentence so can not be followed with "and the result was",
moreover for coordinating conjunction "and", both part should be parallel which is not the case here.

I hope my explanation helped, If indeed please give me Kudos.[/quote]

I agree with your explanation except for the option E. First off, to use coordinating conjunction, I don't think both parts should be in parallel. The only requirement for coordinating conjunction is two independent clauses that should be related. And even if there is requirement for parallelism, I am not sure why "result was" is not in parallel. Could you please clarify?
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Re: GMAT Sentence Correction (SC): SC 364/1000 [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2011, 22:06
1
KUDOS
sgupta0827 wrote:

I agree with your explanation except for the option E. First off, to use coordinating conjunction, I don't think both parts should be in parallel. The only requirement for coordinating conjunction is two independent clauses that should be related. And even if there is requirement for parallelism, I am not sure why "result was" is not in parallel. Could you please clarify?

Thanks buddy, What I meant by parallel was, coordinating conjunctions do not stress on any part like subordinate conjunctions do. Here option E, we shoudl have cause and effect relationship so both part can not be at same level and can not be connected by coordination conjucntion. You are right, I should have used word independent rather than "parallel".
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05 Aug 2011, 22:13
We can look at it like this.

What caused the later generations to loose on the important sources of information.

It was because of the destruction of the library. In the answer choices given, D clearly explains the same with- as a result of ..... which is the correct idiomatic expression.
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23 Aug 2011, 07:27
As usual, let me give a forthright and simple pathway to this topic, which can get complicated by the way one looks at it.

it is the library at Alexandria that is an issue. Any choice that separates library and at Alexandria is essentially therefore uses a wrong word-order. You can kick out A, B and E in one stroke. Between C and D, C is wrong because of the redundancy ‘of because of the result of’

Then make merry with D, the remainder.
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29 Feb 2016, 20:55
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: SC7   [#permalink] 29 Feb 2016, 20:55
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