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School integration plans that involve busing between

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School integration plans that involve busing between [#permalink] New post 09 Mar 2011, 06:46
School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas
have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing
integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.
(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce


I have problems to understand why the placement of "which" in this case is correct.
does anyone could explain why ?
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Re: Which... [#permalink] New post 09 Mar 2011, 06:56
one it touches physically before the comma. A is correct.

which can replace "housing integration"

whichscore wrote:
School integration plans that involve busing between suburban and central-city areas
have contributed, according to a recent study, to significant increases in housing
integration, which, in turn, reduces any future need for busing.
(A) significant increases in housing integration, which, in turn, reduces
(B) significant integration increases in housing, which, in turn, reduces
(C) increase housing integration significantly, which, in turn, reduces
(D) increase housing integration significantly, in turn reducing
(E) significantly increase housing integration, which, in turn, reduce


I have problems to understand why the placement of "which" in this case is correct.
does anyone could explain why ?
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Re: Which... [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2011, 00:03
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First the answer: The verb contributed to needs to be followed by a noun or noun phrase rather than a verb or verb phase. So C, D and E are out. Although B uses a noun phrase, the expression ‘significant integration increases’ is too awkward to merit consideration. This leaves A.

Now on to the relative pronoun which: It is the integration that reduces the future need for busing, and in A the pronoun rightly touches the integration and refers to it.
The only other choice in which the pronoun touches the integration, namely E, has a fatal S-V agreement error in using a plural verb reduce for the singular subject integration

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Re: Which... [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2011, 03:19
thank you for the clear explanations !
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Re: Which... [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2011, 12:32
+1 A

(A) Correct.
(B) Changes in the meaning.
(C) "Which" modifies "significantly"
(D) Reduce couldn't be modifying housing integration.
(E) Wrong tense. It must be "reduces"

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Re: Which...   [#permalink] 19 Mar 2011, 12:32
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