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# Scientists have recently discovered what could be the

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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2003, 15:29
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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why is extending and spawned parallel participial phrases?
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30 Jan 2009, 16:41
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ugimba wrote:
IMO C.

A
and I completly agree with previous explanation.
he did it before (Past tence) and is doing it right now, so clearly "expanding"..
Can you explain why C?
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30 Jan 2009, 19:26
could not be extending in future IMO.
may be A is correct.
But is there a catch here like following:
fungus that (is interwoven) and (that) extends
fungus that is interwoven and that extends
selvae wrote:
malar wrote:
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles sprawned by a single fertilized spore some 10000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

A. extending
B. extends
C. extended
D. it extended
E. is extending

A Wins. Because the tense is present and continuous. Still extending... may be extending in future also.
E - has parellism issue

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31 Jan 2009, 12:05
Thanks guys,
OA is A!
Source - OG11.
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01 Mar 2009, 00:28
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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,300 years ago and extending for more than 33 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
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01 Mar 2009, 05:18
IMO A
author is describing the giant fungus
spawned by....bla bla
extending for ...acres in the soil..etc
ritula wrote:
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,300 years ago and extending for more than 33 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

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01 Mar 2009, 05:21
p349947
also in OG11#39
issue is parallelism + verb form
here present participle(extending) and past participle(spawned) are parallel

also A has the correct verb Usage
hope it helps
+1 for posting a good Q
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11 Jun 2009, 13:52
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,300 years ago and extending for more than 33 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

OA : A

Could someone explain detailed explanation of what is past participle here '' spawned '' and how it constructs paralelism ?
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11 Jun 2009, 14:41
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I will give it a try...

Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,300 years ago and extending for more than 33 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest

For the second half of the sentence if you ignore the modifier 'that...tentacles' it will read
'a giant fungus spawned ... and extending.... '

Here spawned (past participle) and extending (present participle) are adjectives describing the fungus. They are also parallel. Two participles can be parallel. Also the reason we have extending and not extended because extending signifies that it still happens today. We know this because it's still the oldest living organism from the first part of the sentence.
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11 Jun 2009, 15:13
nookway wrote:
I will give it a try...
Also the reason we have extending and not extended because extending signifies that it still happens today. We know this because it's still the oldest living organism from the first part of the sentence.

Well this makes sense , yet I did not understand the participle part . Thanks
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12 Jun 2009, 11:11
WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
nookway wrote:
I will give it a try...

Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,300 years ago and extending for more than 33 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest

For the second half of the sentence if you ignore the modifier 'that...tentacles' it will read
'a giant fungus spawned ... and extending.... '

Here spawned (past participle) and extending (present participle) are adjectives describing the fungus. They are also parallel. Two participles can be parallel. Also the reason we have extending and not extended because extending signifies that it still happens today. We know this because it's still the oldest living organism from the first part of the sentence.

why not 'extends'..??

As explained by WhyabloodyMBA.

'a giant fungus spawned ... and extending.... '
Now in this case spwaned and extending is both participle form.
why extending and not extended.

In cases where noun act as subject then we use the gerund (present participle form). As in this case 'Giant fungus' is extending and is the subject.

Now take the 'spawn' case.
In this case the 'giant fungus' is an object. As it was spawned by single fertilized spore(subject).

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13 Jun 2009, 09:13
A...since it brings out the correct meaning.....D and E have pronoun reference error..........
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19 Jun 2009, 16:23
ugimba wrote:
IMO C.

A
and I completly agree with previous explanation.
he did it before (Past tence) and is doing it right now, so clearly "expanding"..
Can you explain why C?

OK .. Now I see my mistake. I thought it(extended) is parallel with spawned and didn't get the whole meaning. I am working on these questions again(second time) and now I clearly see that it is still 'extending'.

agree with A.
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10 Oct 2009, 17:31
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant unfus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a signle fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

the correct answer is (A); after reading the solution in OG, I still don't understand why (A) is correct. Can someone explain it? Thanks in advance!
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11 Oct 2009, 07:47
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Breaking the last part down,
the tentacles, spawned by x and extending more than 30 acres .." correctly implies that the tentacles extend 30 acres.
[C]. [D]. and [E] have the wrong verb tense.
[B] to me suggests that the giant unfus extends more than 30 acres instead of the tentacles.

What does the OG say?
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31 Dec 2009, 07:16
Got stuck between A and C.

Decided for A.

Could any native speaker provide a logical explanation?
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31 Dec 2009, 14:50
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I would go with A here. Think of it like this:

Remove 'a giant unfus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a signle fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and'

and you are left with 'Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.'

Try replace 'extending' with 'extended'. Tenses don't match.

Hope this helps.
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21 Jan 2010, 23:51
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the
largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant
fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and
rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore
some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than
30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.
(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
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Re: 12th edition OG #42 [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2010, 03:09
it has parallelism error spawned should be parallel with extended

so IMO D
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Re: 12th edition OG #42 [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2010, 15:09
its a case of past participle and present participle - spawned and extending.

extending is required here as fungus has not stopped growing
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210. OG 10th Ed. - Scientists have recently discovered.. [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2010, 09:58
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant
fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized
spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA: A
210. OG 10th Ed. - Scientists have recently discovered..   [#permalink] 26 Mar 2010, 09:58

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