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# Scientists have recently discovered what could be the

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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2003, 15:29
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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why is extending and spawned parallel participial phrases?
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22 Mar 2005, 01:04
hmm.. good point
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24 Mar 2005, 16:25
IF THE SECOND PART OF THE SENTENCE IS IF THE PRESENT FORMS THEN I GUESS "EXTENDS" SERVES THE BEST!!!!

[b]OA IS A[/b] ANYWAYS!
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i hate when people do'nt post the OA, it leaves in guessing!!!!

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24 Mar 2005, 19:03
C is a good trap for most of the first time viewers..
i remember this question and it is from OG and OA is A.
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OG - SC, Parallelism, pls explain [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2005, 14:11
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan Forest.

a) extending
b) extends
c) extended
d) it extended
e) is extending

OG says only A preserves grammatical parallelism. I would say only C preserves it. Would anybody be willing to explain why A is correct?
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11 Jun 2005, 14:20
Since you provided the answer already, here is the link where I explained this problem: http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... n+filigree
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03 Nov 2005, 20:55
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filagree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

a) extending
b) extends
c) extended
d) it extended
e) is extending
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"Wow! Brazil is big." â€”George W. Bush, after being shown a map of Brazil by Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, Brasilia, Brazil, Nov. 6, 2005

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/21/international/asia/21prexy.html

Last edited by Titleist on 03 Nov 2005, 21:37, edited 1 time in total.
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03 Nov 2005, 20:59
I learned my lesson...alway go with "ing" ending verb..as a participle...so A is best...
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03 Nov 2005, 21:10
This sentance uses present tense, i.e. " a giant fungus that is..." Eliminate C and D. A and E gives a continuous feeling, which is unneccessary.

I pick B.
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04 Nov 2005, 08:26
B.
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04 Nov 2005, 19:56
This SC is in OG and the answer is A.
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04 Nov 2005, 20:00
arsenicdoped wrote:
This SC is in OG and the answer is A.

We know that - but I'm not asking you to go to OA and give us the OA. I put this question up so that others who may not have seen it can practice.

Thanks for posting the OA.
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"Wow! Brazil is big." â€”George W. Bush, after being shown a map of Brazil by Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, Brasilia, Brazil, Nov. 6, 2005

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/21/international/asia/21prexy.html

Last edited by Titleist on 04 Nov 2005, 20:54, edited 1 time in total.
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04 Nov 2005, 20:44
Can someone explain this SC?

a giant fungus that is an interwoven filagree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

whole portion of statement after a giant fungus is retrictive clause.

a giant fungus that is an <blahblah> and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest

if there was comma in place of and, extending would have been appropriate introducing a modifier.

I would think B is better.
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04 Nov 2005, 20:47
I got A,

this is a IIism. a giant fungus is modifying what scientists have recently discovered.
The rest of the sentence is modifying the fungus
by that is -an interwoven
-and root like tentacles spawned by a single .....
- and ..............for more than.....years

This a a trap. a lot of test takers will choose extended in order to parallel the sentence with ...spawned
now the parallelism is not with spawned here. it is with and inter woven, and root like....if we use past participle then we are actually making this part a passive one, so the question come is extended by whom? but the fact is the fungus wasn't extended by anyone but is extending by itself.

So A is the right choice.
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04 Nov 2005, 21:00
duttsit wrote:
Can someone explain this SC?

a giant fungus that is an interwoven filagree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

whole portion of statement after a giant fungus is retrictive clause.

a giant fungus that is an <blahblah> and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest

if there was comma in place of and, extending would have been appropriate introducing a modifier.

I would think B is better.

This is from OG 10th edition number 210. I'm not a fan of the explanation though I think nakib did a very good job summing it up.
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"Wow! Brazil is big." â€”George W. Bush, after being shown a map of Brazil by Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, Brasilia, Brazil, Nov. 6, 2005

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/21/international/asia/21prexy.html

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05 Nov 2005, 01:09
"Recently" led me to eliminate all answer choices but A & B. Between these two, I'd go with the progressive tense. <b>A</b> is my answer.
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14 Nov 2005, 19:15
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
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14 Nov 2005, 19:20
I vote for (A).

an interwoven filigree SPAWNED ... and EXTENDING ...
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14 Nov 2005, 19:23
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=22490&highlight=filagree
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"Wow! Brazil is big." â€”George W. Bush, after being shown a map of Brazil by Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, Brasilia, Brazil, Nov. 6, 2005

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/21/international/asia/21prexy.html

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14 Nov 2005, 19:25
This question has been discussed:
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=22490
rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.
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09 Dec 2005, 16:06
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending

(B) extends

(C) extended

(D) it extended

(E) is extending

"As you can see, the filigree spawned by X some 10,000 years ago. This warrants the use of past participle. Also, "spawned by" denotes passive voice which justifies the use of past participle.
As for the "extending", it is still prevailing today in the Michigan forest so you cannot use past participle "extended". "

from (http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... n+filigree)

I understand the past vs present argument, but then why is B wrong? That is also present right?

Paul, you cracked this one, could you answer my query? Thanks!
Filigree (yeah again!!!)   [#permalink] 09 Dec 2005, 16:06

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