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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the

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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the [#permalink] New post 03 Jun 2003, 15:29
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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why is extending and spawned parallel participial phrases?
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Re: Filigree (yeah again!!!) [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2005, 20:15
ArashKhurana wrote:
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending

(B) extends

(C) extended

(D) it extended

(E) is extending



"As you can see, the filigree spawned by X some 10,000 years ago. This warrants the use of past participle. Also, "spawned by" denotes passive voice which justifies the use of past participle.
As for the "extending", it is still prevailing today in the Michigan forest so you cannot use past participle "extended". "

from (http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... n+filigree)

I understand the past vs present argument, but then why is B wrong? That is also present right?

Paul, you cracked this one, could you answer my query? Thanks!


I think as below;
(A) ...that is spawned....and (that is) extending....
(B) ...that is spawned....and (that is) extends...
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2005, 12:08
I am not sure ... I would rather look at it like this...

1. ...that is a filigree spawned by...and extending for..
2. ...that is a filigree spawned by...and extends for...

Both seem correct to me...or are they??!!!
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2005, 16:25
ArashKhurana wrote:
I am not sure ... I would rather look at it like this...

1. ...that is a filigree spawned by...and extending for..
2. ...that is a filigree spawned by...and extends for...

Both seem correct to me...or are they??!!!


Paul's full explanation is here:

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=11305
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2005, 16:37
Thanks dahiya. As you will see, I pasted a part of paul's explanation in my question. But i still did not understand what was wrong with extends.

Can someone pls explain?
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2006, 16:52
ArashKhurana wrote:
Thanks dahiya. As you will see, I pasted a part of paul's explanation in my question. But i still did not understand what was wrong with extends.

Can someone pls explain?


I think, this is because "extending" is the present participle form of "extend" while "extends" is a verb (in present tense)
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2006, 17:57
I think it is extending..but can somoene be more clear on the explanation.
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O.G. 11 - Fungus [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2006, 19:05
I don't undersatnd the OG explanation for this one. I narrowed it down to two choices (A & B and picked the incorrect one). Could some please explain - Thanks.

Scientists recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a singles fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a michigan forest.

A) extending
B) extends
C) extended
D) it extended
E) is extending
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 [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2006, 19:22
E - "is Extending" is correct because the organism is still alive.
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 [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2006, 19:29
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Scientists recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a singles fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a michigan forest.

Both the texts pieces in RED are adjective clauses 'cos they are modifying the subject gaint fungus.

spawned is past paticiple and since it is still existing it should have a parallel fragment in present participle as extending.

is is not necessary before extending 'cos that is is understood.

A should be it
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Nov 2006, 11:07
trivikram wrote:
Scientists recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a singles fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a michigan forest.

Both the texts pieces in RED are adjective clauses 'cos they are modifying the subject gaint fungus.

spawned is past paticiple and since it is still existing it should have a parallel fragment in present participle as extending.

is is not necessary before extending 'cos that is is understood.

A should be it



Thanks A is the correct answer
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SC-Largest Living organism [#permalink] New post 11 Apr 2007, 15:24
623. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.
(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
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Re: SC-Largest Living organism [#permalink] New post 11 Apr 2007, 19:32
nitinneha wrote:
623. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.
(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending


A

this Sc is an example of an event that has happened in th epast and is continuing. So this SC will require a past participle and a present participle
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Apr 2007, 20:19
A for the reason stated above.
The statement needs to clearly show that the action is ongoing, an action that started in the past.
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 [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2007, 00:08
what is past participle in the above sentene. All the verbs that i see are in simple past tense.
The word "recently" does not mean that that it is an on going activity & continuing in the present.

i would go with choice B - extends.
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 [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2007, 00:32
B should be the correct answer... the relation is between spore and extends

both are in present tense.

regards,

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 [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2007, 01:05
It is the filigree which was spawned and is extending.

A is fine.
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 [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2007, 15:37
msingh wrote:
what is past participle in the above sentene. All the verbs that i see are in simple past tense.
The word "recently" does not mean that that it is an on going activity & continuing in the present.

i would go with choice B - extends.


Past participle-spawned
Present participle-extending

Last edited by goalsnr on 12 Apr 2007, 16:20, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2007, 16:58
623. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.
(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

The pattern followed in the second part of the sentence is
a giant fungus that is [/b] an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and
a giant fungus that is extending for more than 30 acres
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 [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2007, 05:32
dwivedys wrote:
It is the filigree which was spawned and is extending.

A is fine.


Right on target...A it is.

Hi msrinath,the parallel is with spawned not with giant fungus as dwivedys has pointed out.
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 [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2007, 06:06
i think this is a OG -11 question. The correct answer is

C) extended

"extended" should be parallel to "spawned by a single fertilized spore some ....."
  [#permalink] 16 Apr 2007, 06:06
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