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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the

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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the [#permalink] New post 03 Jun 2003, 15:29
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A
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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why is extending and spawned parallel participial phrases?
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NonParallel Choices For Stem [#permalink] New post 03 Jun 2003, 16:02
C) extended if it is assumed to be nonparallel in a verb tense.

Why is that?

D) It Extended - same thing

E) is extending- what do they mean it ungrammatically introduces a new predicate
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Re: Parallel Participles [#permalink] New post 05 Jun 2003, 16:41
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VTay25 wrote:
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and ( extending) for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

Why is extending and spawned parallel participial phrases?



It is not paralel; but if you said extended the sentece would be bizarre. You won't want it to be parallel, lets put it this way :wink: The only way to go is extending.
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Hard SC- 15 [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2004, 07:03
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending
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 [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2004, 09:26
I choose B.

The oldest living organism extends for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

Please correct me if I am wrong.

Regards,

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SC - Mushrooms [#permalink] New post 05 Nov 2004, 15:10
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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

(A) extending

(B) extends

(C) extended

(D) it extended

(E) is extending
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Nov 2004, 15:31
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A is the answer.
This one is from OG and I too wondered why A was the answer for this.
The OG says that it is a question that tests parallelism.

Shouldn't spawned -extended/extends as the logical choice.
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Nov 2004, 15:38
Yeah, I chose B(extended) ,and I'm not sure why the OA is A...
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Nov 2004, 16:23
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Could it be that "intervowen", "spawned" and "extending" are all adjectives of the giant fungus? In other words all these are traits of the giant fungus .
My first instinct was to pick A , but I got confused after looking at the answer choices and picked C instead. Guess it takes a little more confidence to pick A :)
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Nov 2004, 16:24
Sorry , I meant to say i picked B after looking at the answer choices
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Nov 2004, 21:07
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A is the correct answer. This question is about the use of present vs past participle.
present participle is used to denote a present condition that still prevails
past participle is used to denote a completed action, usually in a passive mood

The sentence is definitely talking about the filigree:

filigree [of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles] spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest

What is b/w brackets is a prepositional phrase and remove it to make the sentence less cumbersome:

filigree spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest

As you can see, the filigree spawned by X some 10,000 years ago. This warrants the use of past participle. Also, "spawned by" denotes passive voice which justifies the use of past participle.
As for the "extending", it is still prevailing today in the Michigan forest so you cannot use past participle "extended".

The present and past participles are used to describe the "filigree", they act as adjectives.
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OG210 fungus [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2005, 14:38
210. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.
(A) extending
(B) extends
(C) extended
(D) it extended
(E) is extending

Explanation please.
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2005, 14:53
You can find the answer here.
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=11305

This one has tricky parallelism with the use of participle phrases. You can get more this type of question in 885SC.
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2005, 15:38
paul wrote:
This question is about the use of present vs past participle.
present participle is used to denote a present condition that still prevails
past participle is used to denote a completed action, usually in a passive mood

The sentence is definitely talking about the filigree:

filigree [of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles] spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest


That's a great explanation. What I was thinking was that "extends" was parallel to "is" like this:

"a giant fungus that is an interwoven filigree and extends for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest. "

I suppose I'd need a "that" before "extends", is it right?
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2005, 15:59
Quote:
I suppose I'd need a "that" before "extends", is it right?


Yes
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SC- how to solve this? [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2005, 13:17
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is a interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 1000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soill of a michigan forest.
a. extending
b. exteds
c. extended
d. it extended
e. is extending

i think extended parallel with spawed
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2005, 13:21
check out the following link. its been already discussed few times here in the club.

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=11305
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2005, 14:54
Extended parallel with spawned slightly changes the meaning. This, I believe, is an OG question.
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2005, 18:04
a. extending - present participle suggests the tentacles are still extending today
b. exteds - present tense is out
c. extended
d. it extended - 'it' is redundant
e. is extending - present participle suggests the tentacles are still extending today

I'll take C. Past tense 'extended' goes well with the tense of this passage.
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 [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2005, 00:43
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Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is a interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 1000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soill of a michigan forest.

The key to solving this is to identify the right modifier.

There is a giant fungus. What is it like? It is characterized by an interwoven filigree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles and is extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.
  [#permalink] 22 Mar 2005, 00:43
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