Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 20 Oct 2014, 21:41

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Scientists typically do their most creative work before the

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 266
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 41 [1] , given: 3

Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 13 Oct 2009, 10:53
1
This post received
KUDOS
6
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (02:53) correct 46% (01:39) wrong based on 655 sessions
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that of scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a disproportionately large number entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies’ finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have aged but rather that scientists over forty have generally spent too long in their field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is at issue in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on
the basis of that claim.
(B) The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is
that position.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the
second is that explanation.
(D) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the
second is a competing explanation that the argument favors.
(E) The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that
explanation.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 14 Sep 2014, 07:32, edited 2 times in total.
Actual OG question is provided
2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Oct 2009
Posts: 67
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 18 [2] , given: 5

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 13 Oct 2009, 12:01
2
This post received
KUDOS
I would go with [D].

A. The first is the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument.[The second is not an objection against a position but an observation in support of the position]
B. The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes[This is not true]; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that position.
C. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that explanation[Second finding doesn't support the first explanation, it provides an alternate explanation].
D. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.[Correct Answer]
E. The first is an explanation that the argument defends[Author doesnt defend this explanation]; the second is a finding that has been used to challenge that explanation.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 266
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 41 [0], given: 3

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2009, 00:01
thanks for the expln badgerboy.. very well explained! the OA is D..
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 27 Aug 2011
Posts: 12
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2011, 04:12
It is C. it is not D.

Look, Assumption: aging brings loss of creativity
Challenges: However, creative breakthrough by scientist over forty enter field late and within a dozen years working.
Conclusion; So not creative work is not because of aging but because those scientist spent too long in their field

So the two boldface should (1) challenges conclusion(argument). (2) is evidence support of argument.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 09 Jun 2011
Posts: 147
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 1

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2011, 10:09
It seems to be D..Whats the final OA??Please confirm..
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 31 May 2010
Posts: 38
Schools: ESADE, IE
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 2

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2011, 10:53
It should be D only.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1726
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Followers: 67

Kudos [?]: 327 [0], given: 109

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 30 Aug 2011, 21:03
+1 D

C is impossible.
_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 09 Jun 2011
Posts: 92
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2011, 09:11
D...
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: MBAing!!!!
Joined: 24 Jun 2011
Posts: 311
Location: United States (FL)
Concentration: Finance, Real Estate
GPA: 3.65
WE: Project Management (Real Estate)
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 45 [0], given: 56

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2011, 12:46
I picked D....it took me 1:40mins.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Prepping for the last time....
Joined: 28 May 2010
Posts: 201
Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GPA: 3.2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 21

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2011, 21:44
C cannot be the answer...

D it is ..
_________________

Two great challenges: 1. Guts to Fail and 2. Fear to Succeed

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Oct 2010
Posts: 274
Location: India
GMAT 1: 560 Q36 V31
GPA: 3
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 27

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 17 Sep 2011, 06:42
How can it be D? There's no competing explanation. If anything, I see a link between the first and second.
_________________

petrifiedbutstanding

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 01 Jun 2011
Posts: 176
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 11 [1] , given: 6

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2011, 01:10
1
This post received
KUDOS
IMO E.

From the structure of the argument, it is clear that 1st boldface is an evidence and 2nd boldface is a conclusion.
With this information we are left with two choices, C & E.
The 1st boldface implies that, if number of scientists concerned who produced quality work is high, then fewer scientists entered field at an above normal age.
It simply means, there is no relation btw creative scientists abv age of 40 and age.
if a scientist enters their field late and yet produce quality work, then aging does not hamper creativity(as stated by 2nd premise) but they can do so because they have been in their field for long time (the conclusion is the explanation).

Only E fits this logic.
McCombs Thread Master
avatar
Joined: 24 Sep 2012
Posts: 139
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V39
WE: Project Management (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 24

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2013, 03:38
Izvos wrote:
IMO E.

From the structure of the argument, it is clear that 1st boldface is an evidence and 2nd boldface is a conclusion.
With this information we are left with two choices, C & E.
The 1st boldface implies that, if number of scientists concerned who produced quality work is high, then fewer scientists entered field at an above normal age.
It simply means, there is no relation btw creative scientists abv age of 40 and age.
if a scientist enters their field late and yet produce quality work, then aging does not hamper creativity(as stated by 2nd premise) but they can do so because they have been in their field for long time (the conclusion is the explanation).

Only E fits this logic.



You have just copied this answer from another website and posted here, without event bothering that the original answer was for a different question.

Below is the original link from where you have copied

http://www.beatthegmat.com/scientists-t ... 60644.html
_________________

My GMAT debrief

greatness is not about possessing talent but about having the discipline to summon that talent whenever needed!!!


Please Kudos my post if it helped you!!

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 05 Mar 2013
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 11

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 07 May 2013, 17:35
my answer was D as the argument challenges the 1st boldface....

Can somebody please explain how E is the correct answer???
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 15 Oct 2012
Posts: 4
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 08 May 2013, 03:58
abhi758 wrote:
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that a disproportionately large number of the scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies’ finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent
too long in a given field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument.
B. The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that position.
C. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that explanation.
D. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.
E. The first is an explanation that the argument defends; the second is a finding that has been used to challenge that explanation.

Kindly justify your answers..


Boldface questions require you to understand the structure of the argument. Let's try to do that:
First boldface: A position/explanation/claim that the argument opposes.
Second boldface: A finding/evidence that supports the position that the argument defends.
The position that the argument defends: the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent too long in their field.

Let’s look at the first halves of the options:
Option E is out because the first boldface is not defended by the argument.

Now let’s look at the second halves of the remaining choices:
Option A is out because the second boldface is not an objection raised against the position that the argument defends.
In B, ‘that position’ refers to the position mentioned in the first half of the choice, which is the position that the argument opposes. But the second boldface opposes and not supports this position. So B is also out.
In C, the second boldface is not a finding used to support ‘that’ explanation (that ageing is the reason for loss of creative capacity). C can also be eliminated.
Thus, D is the right answer. According to D, the first is an explanation the argument challenges (ageing is the reason for loss of creative capacity) and the second is a finding on which this challenge is based (a disproportionately large number of the
scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than usual).

Hope this is clear now. :)
2 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 05 Mar 2013
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [2] , given: 11

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 08 May 2013, 15:36
2
This post received
KUDOS
GowriNK wrote:
abhi758 wrote:
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that a disproportionately large number of the scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies’ finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent
too long in a given field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument.
B. The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that position.
C. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that explanation.
D. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.
E. The first is an explanation that the argument defends; the second is a finding that has been used to challenge that explanation.

Kindly justify your answers..


Boldface questions require you to understand the structure of the argument. Let's try to do that:
First boldface: A position/explanation/claim that the argument opposes.
Second boldface: A finding/evidence that supports the position that the argument defends.
The position that the argument defends: the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent too long in their field.

Let’s look at the first halves of the options:
Option E is out because the first boldface is not defended by the argument.

Now let’s look at the second halves of the remaining choices:
Option A is out because the second boldface is not an objection raised against the position that the argument defends.
In B, ‘that position’ refers to the position mentioned in the first half of the choice, which is the position that the argument opposes. But the second boldface opposes and not supports this position. So B is also out.
In C, the second boldface is not a finding used to support ‘that’ explanation (that ageing is the reason for loss of creative capacity). C can also be eliminated.
Thus, D is the right answer. According to D, the first is an explanation the argument challenges (ageing is the reason for loss of creative capacity) and the second is a finding on which this challenge is based (a disproportionately large number of the
scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than usual).

Hope this is clear now. :)





Yup it's clear. Thanks...... But then why OA says E?
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 15 Oct 2012
Posts: 4
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 09 May 2013, 00:40
The OA is D, not E.

abhi758 - where did you get the OA from?
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 Nov 2012
Posts: 23
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 7

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 13 Jun 2013, 04:47
Here, we have a controversial situation.
Clearly, the conclusion of the argument is that the loss of creativity is because scientists have been too long in a given field. This is strictly again the BF1. So answer choice E is quickly removed.
1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 Mar 2014
Posts: 20
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [1] , given: 73

Re: Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2014, 05:00
1
This post received
KUDOS
Intern
Intern
avatar
Status: Keep Calm and Study On
Joined: 18 Dec 2013
Posts: 11
Location: Canada
GPA: 2.84
WE: Project Management (Telecommunications)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 20

GMAT ToolKit User
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2014, 08:02
abhi758 wrote:
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that of scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a disproportionately large number entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies’ finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have aged but rather that scientists over forty have generally spent too long in their field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is at issue in the argument; the second is a conclusion drawn on
the basis of that claim.
(B) The first is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument; the second is
that position.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the
second is that explanation.
(D) The first is evidence that has been used to support an explanation that the argument challenges; the
second is a competing explanation that the argument favors.
(E) The first provides evidence to support an explanation that the argument favors; the second is that
explanation.


:wave: :wave: :wave: :wave: Can someone post an explanation; explaining how all wrong answers were eliminated?
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2014, 08:02
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
2 Experts publish their posts in the topic Scientists typically do their most creative work before the akhu 3 08 Sep 2013, 18:17
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the vivektripathi 10 25 Sep 2008, 10:44
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the alimad 6 28 Sep 2007, 03:59
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the karun_aggarwal 7 12 Apr 2005, 09:33
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the nocilis 2 04 Feb 2005, 21:39
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Scientists typically do their most creative work before the

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.