Section 301 of the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Section 301 of the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness

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15 Sep 2006, 17:49
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Section 301 of the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act enables the United States Trade Representative to single out a country as an unfair trader, begin trade negotiations with that country, and, if the negotiations do not conclude by the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, to impose sanctions.

A. by the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, to impose
B. by the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
C. with the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, imposing
D. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
E. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, imposing
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15 Sep 2006, 19:50
D. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
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24 Sep 2006, 15:22
close call between B and D
is 'conclude by' a correct idiom?

jerrywu wrote:
Section 301 of the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act enables the United States Trade Representative to single out a country as an unfair trader, begin trade negotiations with that country, and, if the negotiations do not conclude by the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, to impose sanctions.

A. by the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, to impose
B. by the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
C. with the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, imposing
D. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
E. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, imposing
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24 Sep 2006, 19:39
jerrywu wrote:
Section 301 of the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act enables the United States Trade Representative to single out a country as an unfair trader, begin trade negotiations with that country, and, if the negotiations do not conclude by the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, to impose sanctions.

A. by the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, to impose
B. by the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
C. with the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, imposing
D. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
E. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, imposing

D, based on the idea that to do this, do this and, do this (where do is the verb and this is the thing to be done). Plus, you have to have 'to the US satisfaction' as you can't use 'by the US's satisfaction' : to something is a different meaning than by something.
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27 Sep 2006, 21:15
besides llism, there is a very important buried idiom in this sentence:

...do not conclude to s~body's satisfaction...
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25 Jul 2011, 00:41
jerrywu wrote:
Section 301 of the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act enables the United States Trade Representative to single out a country as an unfair trader, begin trade negotiations with that country, and, if the negotiations do not conclude by the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, to impose sanctions.

A. by the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, to impose
B. by the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
C. with the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, imposing
D. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
E. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, imposing

Everyone says 'D' for ||m ....what is parallel here??? to .... and to.... ???
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25 Jul 2011, 00:41
jerrywu wrote:
Section 301 of the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act enables the United States Trade Representative to single out a country as an unfair trader, begin trade negotiations with that country, and, if the negotiations do not conclude by the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, to impose sanctions.

A. by the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, to impose
B. by the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
C. with the United States governmentâ€™s being satisfied, imposing
D. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, impose
E. to the United States governmentâ€™s satisfaction, imposing

Everyone says 'D' for ||m ....what is parallel here??? to .... and to.... ???
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25 Jul 2011, 00:58
+1 for D.

In the current context, "conclude to USA govt's satisfaction" is the correct phrase rather than "conclude by ......". So we are left with D and E.

If you read the sentence by plugging in choices D or E in the original sentence, you will see "impose sanctions" is the correct choice.

Crick
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25 Jul 2011, 01:13
crick20002002 wrote:
+1 for D.

In the current context, "conclude to USA govt's satisfaction" is the correct phrase rather than "conclude by ......". So we are left with D and E.

If you read the sentence by plugging in choices D or E in the original sentence, you will see "impose sanctions" is the correct choice.

Crick

How do you know conclude to is correct than other options... Can you please shed some light on it???
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25 Jul 2011, 01:13
crick20002002 wrote:
+1 for D.

In the current context, "conclude to USA govt's satisfaction" is the correct phrase rather than "conclude by ......". So we are left with D and E.

If you read the sentence by plugging in choices D or E in the original sentence, you will see "impose sanctions" is the correct choice.

Crick

How do you know conclude to is correct than other options... Can you please shed some light on it???
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25 Jul 2011, 08:36
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01 May 2012, 10:02
Had to dig up this old one I had recently on GMAT prep test.

I understand parallelism narrows the choices down between B and D

because of the structure: To single out... begin... impose (where To is "carried" or implied across the entire structure)

However I have to restate siddhans question; could anyone elaborate on why To the united states is preferable over By the united states. Obviously I am not familiar with the rule so details are greatly appreciated!

Thanks
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02 May 2012, 08:56
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Hi All,

@joshuaRome & siddhans – The word “conclude” means “finish”. It is a verb in active voice.
1. I conclude the meeting by thanking you all for joining me.
2. He concluded the conference with a humorous quote.
3. She will conclude the recital on time.

Now when we add preposition “by” after “conclude”, it suggests that the action of conclusion is performed by someone. It turns the structure to passive form. Moreover, the correct passive form is “is/was/are/were concluded”. Hence, “conclude by the US government’s satisfaction” is ungrammatical.
The correct idiom is “conclude to the US government’s satisfaction”.

@siddhans – The parallel entities in the list of the correct answer choice D are to single out, (to) begin, and (to) impose.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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26 Dec 2013, 11:01
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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14 Aug 2015, 13:13
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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29 Aug 2016, 07:04
I am not a native English speaker, but I think this is about "to one's satisfaction". Of course, in this sentence "conclude to the US government's satisfaction" makes sense, but in other cases, such as "Years later, Mr. Wayner testified that lingering issues of due diligence had never been resolved to his satisfaction."[url](http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/busin ... .html?_r=0)[/url], "to one's satisfaction" is widely used.
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25 Sep 2016, 11:53
Still don't understand why "conclude to" is better than "conclude by"...
Re: Section 301 of the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness   [#permalink] 25 Sep 2016, 11:53
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