Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

Set S includes elements {8, 2, 11, x, 3, y} and has a mean [#permalink]
28 Apr 2009, 18:47

00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (02:54) correct
50% (01:36) wrong based on 46 sessions

Set S includes elements {8, 2, 11, x, 3, y} and has a mean of 7 and a median of 5.5. If x < y, then which of the following is the maximum possible value of x?

Re: Set S includes elements {8, 2, 11, x, 3, y} and has a mean [#permalink]
29 Apr 2009, 07:59

First, reach to the point of getting the equation : x + y = 18 It should take about 20 seconds.

Then Substitute the answer choices into the equation. I don't know what the answer choices in this case are. But I'm sure, you would be able to eliminate at least 2 or 3 answer choices. (about 10 seconds).

Say you are left with 2 answer choices. (If you are short on time, guess One of the two and you'll have a 50% probability of getting it right.)

The Median (of 6 numbers) = 5.5. See if the AVERAGE of any two numbers among (2,3,8,11) results in the median. In this case, it does for 3 and 8. (15 seconds). Once you know that the numbers that contribute towards Median are 3 and 8, and not x or y, then given x < y, x ≤ 3. (about 10 seconds)

In less than a minute, you have the Correct answer.

Re: Set S includes elements {8, 2, 11, x, 3, y} and has a mean [#permalink]
01 May 2009, 12:33

1

This post received KUDOS

Abdulla wrote:

Set S includes elements {8, 2, 11, x, 3, y} and has a mean of 7 and a median of 5.5. If x < y, then which of the following is the maximum possible value of x?

OA is 3

If any one knows how to solve this problem fast please share it.

Thanks..

Using the fact that the mean is 7, then x+y = 18. Since x and y are different, one must be less than 9, the other greater than 9. Since x is smaller than y, we know that x < 9.

Now we need to use the median, which is the average of the two middle elements. Say x is greater than 3. Then we will have (since y is larger than 9), the elements x and 8 in the middle of our set, and the median will be (8 + x)/2. If x is greater than 3, then this will be larger than 11/2 = 5.5, so x cannot be greater than 3. Can x be exactly equal to 3? Sure. Then y = 15. So the largest possible value for x is 3. _________________

Nov 2011: After years of development, I am now making my advanced Quant books and high-level problem sets available for sale. Contact me at ianstewartgmat at gmail.com for details.

Re: Set S includes elements {8, 2, 11, x, 3, y} and has a mean [#permalink]
12 Jul 2014, 18:33

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________