alexpavlos wrote:

Shannon and Maxine work in the same building and leave work at the same time. Shannon lives due north of work and Maxine lives due south. The distance between Maxine's house and Shannon's house is 60 miles. If they both drive home at the rate 2R miles per hour, Maxine arrives home 40 minutes after Shannon. If Maxine rider her bike home at the rate of R per hour and Shannon still drives at a rate of 2R miles per hour, Shannon arrives home 2 hours before Maxine. How far does maxine live from work?

A. 20

B. 34

C. 38

D. 40

E. 46

Here is the ratios approach to the problem:

Shannon drives at the speed of 2R in both the cases so she takes the same time. In the first case Maxine reaches home 40 mins after Shannon. In the second case, Maxine reaches 2 hrs after Shannon. Why did Maxine take 1 hr 20 mins extra in the second case? Because she drove at half the speed.

Speed1: Speed 2 = 2:1

Time 1: Time 2 = 1:2 ( since distance stays the same)

The difference between Time1 and Time 2 is 1 hr 20 mins = 80 mins. So Time 1 must be 1hr 20 mins i.e. time taken by Maxine when she drives at speed 2R. Time taken by Shannon must be 1 hr 20 mins - 40 mins = 40 mins (because she reaches 40 mins early)

When their speeds were same in the first case,

Time taken by Maxine : Time taken by Shannon = 80 mins :40 mins = 2:1

Distance traveled by Maxine : Distance traveled by Shannon = 2:1

Total distance is 60 miles so Maxine lives 40 miles away and Shannon lives 20 miles away from office.

You mentioned time difference between time1 and time 2 is 80 mins... How dod you take the value for time1 as 80 mins?

Please explain the basis.