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Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s

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Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2006, 08:22
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Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid simple interest for 2 years and received $550 as interest. He invested the remaining in a bond that paid compound interest, interest being compounded annually, for the same 2 years at the same rate of interest and received$605 as interest. What was the value of his total savings before investing in these two bonds?

(A) $2,750 (B)$5,500
(C) $11,000 (D)$22,000
(E) $44,000 [Reveal] Spoiler: OA Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Nov 2013, 04:24, edited 1 time in total. Edited the question and added the OA. Senior Manager Joined: 01 Sep 2006 Posts: 301 Location: Phoenix, AZ, USA Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 23 [7] , given: 0 Answer D [#permalink] Show Tags 25 Oct 2006, 08:35 7 This post received KUDOS 4 This post was BOOKMARKED CI means SI for 1st year + SI for 2nd Year + SI on (SI for 2nd year) SI for 1st year = 550/2=275 275+275+SI on (275)=605==> SI on 275=55==> SI on 275 = 275*R*1/100=55 R=20% Now using SI for 2 years on T/2 of the money (T/2)*20*2/100=550 T=550*5= 2750 GMAT Club Legend Joined: 09 Sep 2013 Posts: 11119 Followers: 511 Kudos [?]: 134 [0], given: 0 Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid [#permalink] Show Tags 09 Nov 2013, 13:23 Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________ Current Student Joined: 26 Sep 2013 Posts: 221 Concentration: Finance, Economics GMAT 1: 670 Q39 V41 GMAT 2: 730 Q49 V41 Followers: 4 Kudos [?]: 114 [0], given: 40 Re: Answer D [#permalink] Show Tags 20 Nov 2013, 10:10 Damager wrote: CI means SI for 1st year + SI for 2nd Year + SI on (SI for 2nd year) SI for 1st year = 550/2=275 275+275+SI on (275)=605==> SI on 275=55==> SI on 275 = 275*R*1/100=55 R=20% Now using SI for 2 years on T/2 of the money (T/2)*20*2/100=550 T=550*5= 2750 Any other way to solve this one? I tried something similar, but was curious if there are any other solutions. Verbal Forum Moderator Joined: 10 Oct 2012 Posts: 630 Followers: 76 Kudos [?]: 1012 [0], given: 136 Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink] Show Tags 20 Nov 2013, 10:47 2 This post was BOOKMARKED karlfurt wrote: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid simple interest for 2 years and received$550 as interest. He invested the remaining in a bond that paid compound interest, interest being compounded annually, for the same 2 years at the same rate of interest and received $605 as interest. What was the value of his total savings before investing in these two bonds? (A)$2,750
(B) $5,500 (C)$11,000
(D) $22,000 (E)$44,000

Let the total amount invested be 2x. Now, we know that from half of it, he got 275$per year for 2 years, and from the other half he got a total of 605$ over 2 years as Cumulative interest. Now, the amount of interest he got from the second year of cumulative interest : 605-275 = 330$Thus, if the rate be r, then $$r*x*(1+r)=330$$. Again, we know that$$2r*x = 550$$, Thus,$$(1+r) = \frac{6}{5} \to r = \frac{1}{5}$$ Replacing this in the second equation, we get $$2x = \frac{550}{r} = 550*5 = 2750$$ A. _________________ Current Student Joined: 26 Sep 2013 Posts: 221 Concentration: Finance, Economics GMAT 1: 670 Q39 V41 GMAT 2: 730 Q49 V41 Followers: 4 Kudos [?]: 114 [0], given: 40 Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink] Show Tags 20 Nov 2013, 17:59 mau5 wrote: karlfurt wrote: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid simple interest for 2 years and received$550 as interest. He invested the remaining in a bond that paid compound interest, interest being compounded annually, for the same 2 years at the same rate of interest and received $605 as interest. What was the value of his total savings before investing in these two bonds? (A)$2,750
(B) $5,500 (C)$11,000
(D) $22,000 (E)$44,000

Let the total amount invested be 2x. Now, we know that from half of it, he got 275$per year for 2 years, and from the other half he got a total of 605$ over 2 years as Cumulative interest. Now, the amount of interest he got from the second year of cumulative interest : 605-275 = 330$Thus, if the rate be r, then $$r*x*(1+r)=330$$. Again, we know that$$2r*x = 550$$, Thus,$$(1+r) = \frac{6}{5} \to r = \frac{1}{5}$$ Replacing this in the second equation, we get $$2x = \frac{550}{r} = 550*5 = 2750$$ A. wait how did you know that $$(1+r) = \frac{6}{5}$$ also where do you get $$2x = \frac{550}{r} = 550*5 = 2750$$ from? Is there a lot of work you did in your head? Because if you sub in 1/5 for R, then you end up with 2x=550/(1/5) and then 2x=2750, and x=1375, not 2750... Verbal Forum Moderator Joined: 10 Oct 2012 Posts: 630 Followers: 76 Kudos [?]: 1012 [1] , given: 136 Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink] Show Tags 20 Nov 2013, 22:43 1 This post received KUDOS AccipiterQ wrote: wait how did you know that $$(1+r) = \frac{6}{5}$$ $$r*x*(1+r)=330$$. Again, we know that$$2r*x = 550$$, Replace the value of r*x from the second equation in the first. AccipiterQ wrote: also where do you get $$2x = \frac{550}{r} = 550*5 = 2750$$ from? Is there a lot of work you did in your head? Because if you sub in 1/5 for R, then you end up with 2x=550/(1/5) and then 2x=2750, and x=1375, not 2750... I have assumed the initial amount to be 2x, not x. _________________ Manager Joined: 27 Jul 2011 Posts: 57 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 15 Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink] Show Tags 20 Nov 2013, 23:57 Please explain: Let the total amount invested be 2x. Now, we know that from half of it, he got 275$ per year for 2 years, and from the other half he got a total of 605$over 2 years as Cumulative interest. Now, the amount of interest he got from the second year of cumulative interest : 605-275 = 330$

I do not understand the the underlined statement; how to get it? please explain. Thanks.
Simple interest formula: I = PRt
550 = PR2
550/2P = R

Compound interest formula: P + I = P(1+R)^t
P + 605 = P(1+R)^2
P + 605 = P(1 + 2(550/2P) + (550/2P)^2)
P + 605 = P + 550/2 + (550)^2/ 4P
55 = (550)^2/4P
P = 2750
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Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2013, 00:05
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smartyman wrote:
Let the total amount invested be 2x. Now, we know that from half of it, he got 275$per year for 2 years, and from the other half he got a total of 605$ over 2 years as Cumulative interest. Now, the amount of interest he got from the second year of cumulative interest : 605-275 = 330$I do not understand the the underlined statement; how to get it? please explain. Thanks. Say you have 200$. Half of it is getting you simple interest per year at 10% rate.Thus, the interest you earn for the first year : $$\frac{10}{100}*100 = 10$$

Now, the other half is getting you compound interest at 10%, where interest is again compounded annually.Thus, the interest from the first year : $$\frac{10}{100}*100 = 10$$

Now, suppose I told you that the total CI you got from the other half for 2 years was 40 $, then the interest you earned from the second year is nothing but : 40-10 = 30$

The same has been done above. Note that as the rate of interest and the time is the same for both CI and SI, the interest earned for the first year will be exactly same in either case.

Hope this helps
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Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2013, 06:26
mau5 wrote:
AccipiterQ wrote:

wait how did you know that $$(1+r) = \frac{6}{5}$$

$$r*x*(1+r)=330$$.

How did you get it to equal $$\frac{6}{5}$$ though?

r*x*(1+r)=330
= rx+r^2x=330
...I don't see a 6/5 in there anywhere
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Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2013, 08:08
mau5 wrote:
AccipiterQ wrote:
mau5 wrote:
How did you get it to equal $$\frac{6}{5}$$ though?

r*x*(1+r)=330
= rx+r^2x=330
...I don't see a 6/5 in there anywhere

shawn-invested-one-half-of-his-savings-in-a-bond-that-paid-s-37333.html#p1295319
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Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2013, 08:14
mau5 wrote:

d'oh...330/275=6/5
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Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2014, 01:58

r*x*(1+r)=330

How you take "r" in multiplication for 2nd year ..can you please clarify ??...

Else i understand your concept ...nice explanation
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Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2014, 06:30
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karlfurt wrote:
Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid simple interest for 2 years and received $550 as interest. He invested the remaining in a bond that paid compound interest, interest being compounded annually, for the same 2 years at the same rate of interest and received$605 as interest. What was the value of his total savings before investing in these two bonds?

(A) $2,750 (B)$5,500
(C) $11,000 (D)$22,000
(E) $44,000 Tough problem omg! I understand that the interest paid per year from the simple interest was$275 (i.e. 550/2) and that the second years payment for the second year of the compound interest is $330 (i.e. 605 - 275) and thus the rate is 20% because (330/275=1.2) but after that....I AM LOST!!!! HELP HELP HELP Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 34476 Followers: 6288 Kudos [?]: 79781 [1] , given: 10022 Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink] Show Tags 09 Jan 2014, 07:19 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post 1 This post was BOOKMARKED TroyfontaineMacon wrote: karlfurt wrote: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid simple interest for 2 years and received$550 as interest. He invested the remaining in a bond that paid compound interest, interest being compounded annually, for the same 2 years at the same rate of interest and received $605 as interest. What was the value of his total savings before investing in these two bonds? (A)$2,750
(B) $5,500 (C)$11,000
(D) $22,000 (E)$44,000

Tough problem omg!

I understand that the interest paid per year from the simple interest was $275 (i.e. 550/2) and that the second years payment for the second year of the compound interest is$330 (i.e. 605 - 275) and thus the rate is 20% because (330/275=1.2)

but

after that....I AM LOST!!!!

HELP HELP HELP

So, we know that Shawn received 20% of the amount he invested in a year. We also know that in one year Shawn received $275, thud 0.2x =$275 --> x = $1,375. Since, he invested equal sums in his 2 bonds, then his total savings before investing was 2*$1,375 = $2,700. Answer: A. _________________ GMAT Club Legend Joined: 09 Sep 2013 Posts: 11119 Followers: 511 Kudos [?]: 134 [0], given: 0 Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink] Show Tags 20 Feb 2015, 07:31 Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________ Intern Joined: 31 Jan 2015 Posts: 1 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 36 Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink] Show Tags 09 Apr 2015, 16:14 Bunuel wrote: TroyfontaineMacon wrote: karlfurt wrote: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid simple interest for 2 years and received$550 as interest. He invested the remaining in a bond that paid compound interest, interest being compounded annually, for the same 2 years at the same rate of interest and received $605 as interest. What was the value of his total savings before investing in these two bonds? (A)$2,750
(B) $5,500 (C)$11,000
(D) $22,000 (E)$44,000

Tough problem omg!

I understand that the interest paid per year from the simple interest was $275 (i.e. 550/2) and that the second years payment for the second year of the compound interest is$330 (i.e. 605 - 275) and thus the rate is 20% because (330/275=1.2)

but

after that....I AM LOST!!!!

HELP HELP HELP

So, we know that Shawn received 20% of the amount he invested in a year. We also know that in one year Shawn received $275, thud 0.2x =$275 --> x = $1,375. Since, he invested equal sums in his 2 bonds, then his total savings before investing was 2*$1,375 = $2,700. Answer: A. Hi bunuel, I understand the solution for this particular question but how can I use a similar method if We had the same question but instead of 2 years, it was 3 years investment ? Is there a similar shortcut ? I tried to find it but could not GMAT Club Legend Joined: 09 Sep 2013 Posts: 11119 Followers: 511 Kudos [?]: 134 [0], given: 0 Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink] Show Tags 13 Apr 2016, 22:27 Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________ Re: Shawn invested one half of his savings in a bond that paid s [#permalink] 13 Apr 2016, 22:27 Similar topics Replies Last post Similar Topics: At the of his one-year investment, Charles received$54,080, including 2 08 Oct 2015, 17:01
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