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Sheila: Health experts generally agree that smoking a

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Director
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Sheila: Health experts generally agree that smoking a [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2007, 10:31
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A
B
C
D
E

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Sheila: Health experts generally agree that smoking a tobacco product for many years is very likely to be harmful to the smoker’s health.
Tim: On the contrary, smoking has no effect on health at all: although my grandfather smoked three cigars a day from the age of fourteen, he died at age ninety-six.
A major weakness of Tim’s counterargument is that his counterargument
(A) attempts to refute a probabilistic conclusion by claiming the existence of a single counterexample
(B) challenges expert opinion on the basis of specific information unavailable to experts in the field
(C) describes an individual case that is explicitly discounted as an exception to the experts’ conclusion
(D) presupposes that longevity and health status are unrelated to each other in the general population
(E) tacitly assumes that those health experts who are in agreement on this issue arrived at that agreement independently of one another

I chose C but the OA is given as A...Whats wrong with C??
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New post 16 Mar 2007, 18:11
A: Correct -- the insufficient sample.
C: one person's authority vs. that of the other -- It is good too but not the best.
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New post 16 Mar 2007, 18:25
"describes an individual case that is explicitly discounted as an exception to the experts’ conclusion "

No where in the passage has it been said the particular example is an exception to the expert's conclusion. So (C) is wrong.
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New post 16 Mar 2007, 22:42
Isn't Tim stating an exception to the expert's conclusion...he starts with On the Contrary??

Last edited by vineetgupta on 19 Mar 2007, 08:49, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 17 Mar 2007, 01:03
Easy (A)
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"Education is what remains when one has forgotten everything he learned in school."

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New post 17 Mar 2007, 16:40
vineetgupta wrote:
Isn't Tim stating an exception to the exception to the expert's conclusion...he starts with On the Contrary??


Of course Tim's example is a good one, but one example cannot lead a conclusion.
  [#permalink] 17 Mar 2007, 16:40
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Sheila: Health experts generally agree that smoking a

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