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# Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected

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Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2009, 15:12
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Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is 17 percent during the next half century.

A. Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is
B. Shrinking faster than any other nation, Japan’s population has a projected decline of
C. The population of Japan is shrinking faster than that of any other nation and is projected to decline by
D. The Japanese population is shrinking faster than any other nation, and it has a projected decline at
E. Japan’s population is shrinking faster than that of any other nation, with a projected decline at
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2009, 15:57
"C". In "E" -projected decline at is wrong construction
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2009, 18:18
Yes IMO C too.
"projected decline at" sounds incorrect. Had it been "the decline projected at..."
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2009, 19:41
C is correct.

E has idiomatic issue: "decline at" is wrong. Also another major issue is lack of parallelism:
Japan’s population is shrinking faster than that of any other nation, with a projected decline at

Portion marked in Red is not parallel. First is a possessive noun, and second is not. So although the comparison is not an issue, parallelism is not maintained. So E is wrong.

Questions??? Let me know.
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2009, 06:49
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I would've chosen C in the exam...
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2009, 09:40
Why is B incorrect ?? Looks plausible to me.
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2009, 09:42
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sinharavi wrote:
Why is B incorrect ?? Looks plausible to me.

B) Shrinking faster than any other nation, Japan’s population has a projected decline of - It sounds like some other nation is sinking and not the population of that nation. Also, this wrongly compares some other sinking nation with population of Japan. So is B wrong

Questions? Let me know.

Last edited by hgp2k on 02 Nov 2009, 09:44, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2009, 09:43
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to get B correct you should have

Shrinking faster than THE POPULATION OF any other nation
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2009, 05:07
smtripathi wrote:
C.
But can any one explain why is A wrong ? I dont see anything incorrect in it

A: Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is - It sounds like the projected decline is shrinking, which makes no sense. So A is wrong.
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2011, 21:16
marked e ... but agree that c is the correct answer
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2011, 21:49
tejal777 wrote:
Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is 17 percent during the next half century.
A. Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is
B. Shrinking faster than any other nation, Japan’s population has a projected decline of
C. The population of Japan is shrinking faster than that of any other nation and is projected to decline by
D. The Japanese population is shrinking faster than any other nation, and it has a projected decline at
E. Japan’s population is shrinking faster than that of any other nation, with a projected decline at

In C it compares population of jaapan to other nation which is wrong

In E japan's population is compared to oother nation which is also wrong

The option B looks correct to me,

Hope this helps,any corrections are appreciated
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2012, 04:42
IMO- C,

In C the 'The population of Japan' is correctly compared to the population of other countries by the use of 'than that of any other nation'.
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2013, 00:17
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tejal777 wrote:
Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is 17 percent during the next half century.
A. Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is
B. Shrinking faster than any other nation, Japan’s population has a projected decline of
C. The population of Japan is shrinking faster than that of any other nation and is projected to decline by
D. The Japanese population is shrinking faster than any other nation, and it has a projected decline at
E. Japan’s population is shrinking faster than that of any other nation, with a projected decline at

C is correct.
E is wrong because we always compare:
"X is shrinking faster than that of Y" is not parallel. The correct one should be: The population of X is shrinking faster than that of Y.
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2013, 21:47
Quote:
E is wrong because we always compare:
"X is shrinking faster than that of Y" is not parallel. The correct one should be: The population of X is shrinking faster than that of Y.

Good point. missed the above point and focused on idiom decline at. Possessives are some times sneaky
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2014, 22:25
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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2016, 23:29
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2016, 05:17
tejal777 wrote:
Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is 17 percent during the next half century.

A. Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is
B. Shrinking faster than any other nation, Japan’s population has a projected decline of
C. The population of Japan is shrinking faster than that of any other nation and is projected to decline by
D. The Japanese population is shrinking faster than any other nation, and it has a projected decline at
E. Japan’s population is shrinking faster than that of any other nation, with a projected decline at

e is wrong because "decline" is not clear. we do not know what decline.
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Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2016, 10:48
tejal777 wrote:
Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is 17 percent during the next half century.

A. Shrinking faster than any other nation’s, the projected decline of Japan’s population is
B. Shrinking faster than any other nation, Japan’s population has a projected decline of
C. The population of Japan is shrinking faster than that of any other nation and is projected to decline by
D. The Japanese population is shrinking faster than any other nation, and it has a projected decline at
E. Japan’s population is shrinking faster than that of any other nation, with a projected decline at

See Ron's explanation here ..

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/thursdays-with-ron/

April 28, 2016: SC: More Sentences with "AND"

See the video from 53:00 to 01:04:00 below

- Two ideas connected here are ..
1. Right now, the population is shrinking fast. ---- Happening NOW
2. For the next 50 years, it is projected to shrink by 17%. ----- Projection of future

- For connecting two separate ideas... modifier "__ING, " does not make sense ... we need to use "AND" - Option (A)(B)(E) are out !!

- Option (A) - The modifier "Shrinking ..." modifies "The projected decline" - Wrong
- Option (B) - The modifier "Shrinking ..." modifies "Japan's Populations" - OK but.. using modifier for connecting two ideas is wrong.. use "AND" instead
- The comparison "Shrinking faster than any other nation..." any other NATION ?? - Wrong Meaning (Shrinking Nation...)
- Option (D) (E) - The comparison "Shrinking faster than any other nation..." any other NATION ?? - Wrong Meaning (Shrinking Nation...)

Theory ...

Example:
WRONG: Coming home from school, the wind blew me off my bike.
CORRECT: Coming home from school, I was blow off my bike by the wind.

======================
__ING + Comma
======================
swmming in the ocean, Dan saw a shark
1. verb+ing + comma : tells the the main action verb (eg: saw) happend during comma+ing (swmming)
Hear Dan was swmming in the ocean before he saw a shark.
2. verb+ing + comma : tells it is less important to the message than the main verb
3. The immediatly following subject must be the person/thing who does the __ING action
Shrinking faster than any other nations, the projected   [#permalink] 04 Aug 2016, 10:48
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