Since 1986 enrollments of African Americans, American : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Since 1986 enrollments of African Americans, American

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Manager
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Since 1986 enrollments of African Americans, American [#permalink]

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23 May 2007, 09:02
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Since 1986 enrollments of African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanic Americans in fulltime engineering programs in the United States has steadily increased, while the number of other students who enter the field has fallen.

(A) has steadily increased, while the number of other students who enter the field has fallen
(B) has steadily increased, while other students entering the field have declined in number
(C) increased steadily, while there was a decline in the number of other students entering the field
(D) have steadily increased, while the number of other students entering the field has fallen
(E) have steadily increased, while that of other students who enter the field fell

whats wrong in C?
If you have any questions
New!
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23 May 2007, 09:07
apache wrote:
Since 1986 enrollments of African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanic Americans in fulltime engineering programs in the United States has steadily increased, while the number of other students who enter the field has fallen.

(A) has steadily increased, while the number of other students who enter the field has fallen
(B) has steadily increased, while other students entering the field have declined in number
(C) increased steadily, while there was a decline in the number of other students entering the field
(D) have steadily increased, while the number of other students entering the field has fallen
(E) have steadily increased, while that of other students who enter the field fell

whats wrong in C?

For (D)

A) has steadily increased, while the number of other students who enter the field has fallen
enrollments - plural => "has" is singular => out

(B) has steadily increased, while other students entering the field have declined in number
same as (A)

(C) increased steadily, while there was a decline in the number of other students entering the field
Since ... => present perfect should be used
=> wrong verb tense + awkward => out

(D) have steadily increased, while the number of other students entering the field has fallen

(E) have steadily increased, while that of other students who enter the field fell
that = singular => out
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23 May 2007, 09:17
Since 1986 enrollments of African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanic Americans in fulltime engineering programs in the United States has steadily increased, while the number of other students who enter the field has fallen.

(A) has steadily increased, while the number of other students who enter the field has fallen => wrong tense

(B) has steadily increased, while other students entering the field have declined in number => wrong tense

(C) increased steadily, while there was a decline in the number of other students entering the field

wrong because :-
Sentence is =>
since 19.. enrollments have increased , while there was a decline
It should be =>
since 19.. enrollments have increased , while the number has decreased

(D) have steadily increased, while the number of other students entering the field has fallen => enrollments - have / the number - has => correct

(E) have steadily increased, while that of other students who enter the
field fell => modification problem ", while that of"

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23 May 2007, 10:39
its clear that C is a wrong choice because the statement begins with "" Since "' and so statement is in present perfect tense.
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15 Jun 2007, 10:52
kirakira wrote:
apache wrote:
Since 1986 enrollments of African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanic Americans in fulltime engineering programs in the United States has steadily increased, while the number of other students who enter the field has fallen.

(A) has steadily increased, while the number of other students who enter the field has fallen
(B) has steadily increased, while other students entering the field have declined in number
(C) increased steadily, while there was a decline in the number of other students entering the field
(D) have steadily increased, while the number of other students entering the field has fallen
(E) have steadily increased, while that of other students who enter the field fell

whats wrong in C?

For (D)

A) has steadily increased, while the number of other students who enter the field has fallen
enrollments - plural => "has" is singular => out

(B) has steadily increased, while other students entering the field have declined in number
same as (A)

(C) increased steadily, while there was a decline in the number of other students entering the field
Since ... => present perfect should be used
=> wrong verb tense + awkward => out

(D) have steadily increased, while the number of other students entering the field has fallen

(E) have steadily increased, while that of other students who enter the field fell
that = singular => out

can someone elaborate on fell and fallen
and how fell and fallen fit into the question stem?
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16 Jun 2007, 01:21

enrollments is plural and hence usage of "have steadily increased" is correct..
16 Jun 2007, 01:21
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