Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections,

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CEO
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Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 05:52
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Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

A. to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with

B. being tested for damage induced chemically are compared with

C. being tested for chemically induced damage should be compared to

D. being tested for chemically induced damage are to be compared to

E. that is to be tested for chemically induced damage are to be comparable with
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Director
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 06:06
I know beings are mostly wrong on GMAT, but I am leaning towards B.
Not comfortable with Subj moods...
B
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 06:14
I would think the answer is A.

You can eliminate C and D because we need "compared with" and not "compared to".

E is too wordy and awkward. "are to be comparable with" [Are you to be kidding me? )

Now, between B and A, I chose A because "chemically induced damage" makes more sense than "damage induced chemically"
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 06:21
Changed mind... Going with A.
B when I re-read ...tested for damage ....chemically ..does not sound right..
Director
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 06:25
with saravalli,should be B.Somehow chemically induced damage sounds obsurd.feel should be a or b.I would go for b.
Director
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 06:26
now after the above two posts...confused!!!
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 06:36
I'm glad to be confusing people.

Anyone know what the OA is?
CEO
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 06:43
I do, and I'll post it after some more discussion when i wake up tomorrow morning.
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 07:39
I think A is correct. I feel here compared with is better than compared to.
Between A and B, I prefer A so chemically indused use in A. Anyway bsdlover its very good question from where you got this toughie one?
Manager
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 08:01
dont know why A is wrong....but on the d day i would have marked B easily...

can somebody please post the OA

Thanks!!
Manager
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 08:15
bsd_lover wrote:
Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

A. to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with

B. being tested for damage induced chemically are compared with

C. being tested for chemically induced damage should be compared to

D. being tested for chemically induced damage are to be compared to

E. that is to be tested for chemically induced damage are to be comparable with

I would go with B, but I am sitting here having difficulty explaining why.......
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 11:55
A for me
Since chromosome damage may be caused by viral infections, medical x-rays, and exposure to sunlight, it is important that the chromosomes of a population to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with those of a control population.

A. to be tested for chemically induced damage be compared with subj + compared with

B. being tested for damage induced chemically are compared with being tested conveys that the process is currently in action

C. being tested for chemically induced damage should be compared to being and compared to

D. being tested for chemically induced damage are to be compared tosame as C

E. that is to be tested for chemically induced damage are to be comparable with[/quote]
Director
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 12:19
This is a very interesting problem.

I'll start out with what I know is wrong.

B. being tested for damage induced chemically are compared with

Chemically induced damage is not the same as damage induces chemically.

E. [chromosomes of a population] that is to be tested for chemically induced damage are to be comparable with

In this situation the 'of a population' should be ignored and therefore should be 'are'.
Chromosomes are NOT Chromosomes is.

After that it gets pretty tricky. We're left with A, C, and D. On test day I would just go with A because being in wrong 95% of the time.

I can't seem find and idiom for 'compare'.

As a native english speak I can say its common to use both.

I would compare and apple to an orange.
or
You can't compare this with that.

I can think of ways that I use both so I'm confused
Senior Manager
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 13:32
Between A and B , I pick A . I don't like "tested for damage induced chemically" , I would rather go with "tested for chemically induced damage"
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 13:38
gixxer1000 wrote:
I can't seem find and idiom for 'compare'.

As a native english speak I can say its common to use both.

I would compare and apple to an orange.
or
You can't compare this with that.

I can think of ways that I use both so I'm confused

Hey bud, good to have a native speaker here. I believe most people in GMATclub are not, including me.
I just want to point out that "compare with" and "compare to" are tested extensively in GMAT. "Compare with" is for contrast, and "Compare to" is for similarity. For example:

She compared that test to GMAT. => "that test" and GMAT are in the same category
It would be interesting to compare that test with GMAT. => illustrate contrast between the two.

Cheers.
CEO
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 15:58
2
KUDOS
Great discussion guys - OA is A.

idiom -
compare to - compares unlike things
compare with - compares like things

in A and B this is done correctly - as chromosomes are compared with other chromosomes.

The only clues to get A are : being vs to be and "damage induced chemically" vs "chemically induced damage"

Those who picked B - dont feel bad, so did I.

Source is SC1000.

----
edit - I had an aha moment in the shower. If A is grammatically correct then B has to be incorrect since B changes the meaning. B implies that testing is already occurring whereas A suggests that testing will be done in the future.
Director
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Re: SC - chromosome damage [#permalink]

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07 May 2008, 18:41
Valid point dude.Another Kudo.
Re: SC - chromosome damage   [#permalink] 07 May 2008, 18:41
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