Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
Check GMAT Club App Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 08 Dec 2016, 14:16

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Princeton Review Representative
Joined: 17 Jun 2013
Posts: 163
Followers: 139

Kudos [?]: 299 [0], given: 0

Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2013, 11:08
Expert's post
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:59) correct 37% (01:15) wrong based on 595 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of Newport on the danger to the environment of smoke from beach firepits, residents have cut their use of beach firepits by 20 percent. Obviously the city council's letter was responsible for the residents' decision to reduce their consumption of firewood.

The author relies on which one of the following to advance his argument?

A) When it sent the letter, the city council predicted a reduction in the consumption of firewood.

B) The cost of firewood has not increased significantly in Newport since the city council sent the letter.

C) Danville, a city 10 miles from Newport also experienced a drop in the use of beach firepits.

D) Previous initiatives by the city council to preserve the environment have been well-recieved in the town of Newport.

E) Gas burning barbeques have become more popular on the beaches of Newport.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Special offer! Save $250 on GMAT Ultimate Classroom, GMAT Small Group Instruction, or GMAT Liveonline when you use the promo code GCVERBAL250. Or, save$150 on GMAT Self-Prep when you use the code GCVERBAL150. Enroll at www.princetonreview.com

If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 10 Apr 2013
Posts: 123
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 17

Re: Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2013, 20:25
Hi,

I presume it as an Assumption question(cannot be a strengthen q as there is no "if true").

IMO option D.

The conclusion states that there was an actual reduction following of beach firepits following the city council's letter. Thus the underlying assumption should be that the residents generally abide by the city council's directives. Hence, previous initiatives must have been accepted as well...ie. option D.

Regards

Argha
Manager
Status: Persevering
Joined: 15 May 2013
Posts: 225
Location: India
GMAT Date: 08-02-2013
GPA: 3.7
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 86 [0], given: 34

Re: Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Jul 2013, 10:01
What assumption does the author rely on to advance his argument?

The assumption that would eliminate other major causes of reduction in consumption of firewood.

B) The cost of firewood has not increased. If the cost of firewood has not increased well then we can say that people really do care about the environment , but if it has increased we have a other reason for the decline in firewood's usage. So B fits the bill.
_________________

--It's one thing to get defeated, but another to accept it.

Manager
Joined: 19 Oct 2012
Posts: 214
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 660 Q47 V35
GPA: 3.81
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 30

Re: Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Jul 2013, 10:43
The author relies on which one of the following to advance his argument? - is a clear indicator of assumption question stem.

IMO Option B stands out as the correct answer choice among all.

Thanks,
Vaibhav.
_________________

Citius, Altius, Fortius

Intern
Joined: 21 Jul 2013
Posts: 3
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2013, 11:24
I think its D too ,
As that must have been the consideration while making the asaumption

Posted from my mobile device
Princeton Review Representative
Joined: 17 Jun 2013
Posts: 163
Followers: 139

Kudos [?]: 299 [2] , given: 0

Re: Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2013, 11:53
2
KUDOS
Expert's post

BeckyRobinsonTPR wrote:
Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of Newport on the danger to the environment of smoke from beach firepits, residents have cut their use of beach firepits by 20 percent. Obviously the city council's letter was responsible for the residents' decision to reduce their consumption of firewood.

Conclusion: The letter caused the reduced consumption of firewood
Premise: reduced consumption started after the letter

The assumption in these types of causal argument are that there were no other causes so t strengthen arguments like this the GMAT often relies on eliminating other possible causes

The author relies on which one of the following to advance his argument?

A) When it sent the letter, the city council predicted a reduction in the consumption of firewood.their prediction would have no effect on whether it was caused

B) The cost of firewood has not increased significantly in Newport since the city council sent the letter.This is the correct answer because if the cost of firewood had increased then that would be another possible cause for the decrease in consumption - eliminating this as a possibility eliminates a possible cause and thus strengthens

C) Danville, a city 10 miles from Newport also experienced a drop in the use of beach firepits. [color=#ed1c24]ot only does this answer address a different city, it also talks about drop in fire pit useage, instead of firewood[/color]

D) Previous initiatives by the city council to preserve the environment have been well-recieved in the town of Newport.The fact that some similar initiatives were well received does not automatically mean that this one was - there are too many things that could be different for this to strengthen[color=#ed1c24][color=#ed1c24][/color][/color]

E) Gas burning barbeques have become more popular on the beaches of Newport.This actually gives another cause for the decrease and thus weakens the causal relationship

The key to this question is that the conclusion is that there is a causal relationship, not that the firewood was reduced. Thus you have to focus on whether the answer choice strengthens the causal relationship
_________________

Special offer! Save $250 on GMAT Ultimate Classroom, GMAT Small Group Instruction, or GMAT Liveonline when you use the promo code GCVERBAL250. Or, save$150 on GMAT Self-Prep when you use the code GCVERBAL150. Enroll at www.princetonreview.com

Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Dec 2012
Posts: 367
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 116 [0], given: 291

Re: Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Nov 2013, 02:03
Here's why I thought D wouldn't be an answer. D says other initiatives were well received. The premise states that the consumption was cut down by 20% and 20% isn't actually "well".
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10442
Followers: 886

Kudos [?]: 191 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Feb 2015, 21:32
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Intern
Joined: 17 May 2015
Posts: 41
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 59

Re: Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Nov 2015, 19:40
BeckyRobinsonTPR wrote:

BeckyRobinsonTPR wrote:
Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of Newport on the danger to the environment of smoke from beach firepits, residents have cut their use of beach firepits by 20 percent. Obviously the city council's letter was responsible for the residents' decision to reduce their consumption of firewood.

Conclusion: The letter caused the reduced consumption of firewood
Premise: reduced consumption started after the letter

The assumption in these types of causal argument are that there were no other causes so t strengthen arguments like this the GMAT often relies on eliminating other possible causes

The author relies on which one of the following to advance his argument?

A) When it sent the letter, the city council predicted a reduction in the consumption of firewood.their prediction would have no effect on whether it was caused

B) The cost of firewood has not increased significantly in Newport since the city council sent the letter.This is the correct answer because if the cost of firewood had increased then that would be another possible cause for the decrease in consumption - eliminating this as a possibility eliminates a possible cause and thus strengthens

C) Danville, a city 10 miles from Newport also experienced a drop in the use of beach firepits. [color=#ed1c24]ot only does this answer address a different city, it also talks about drop in fire pit useage, instead of firewood[/color]

D) Previous initiatives by the city council to preserve the environment have been well-recieved in the town of Newport.The fact that some similar initiatives were well received does not automatically mean that this one was - there are too many things that could be different for this to strengthen[color=#ed1c24][color=#ed1c24][/color][/color]

E) Gas burning barbeques have become more popular on the beaches of Newport.This actually gives another cause for the decrease and thus weakens the causal relationship

The key to this question is that the conclusion is that there is a causal relationship, not that the firewood was reduced. Thus you have to focus on whether the answer choice strengthens the causal relationship

Sorry to say this seems like 500 level
Manager
Joined: 22 Jun 2016
Posts: 60
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 4

Re: Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2016, 13:20
B) The cost of firewood has not increased significantly in Newport since the city council sent the letter.

So What, does it mean that people stop buying firewood, we never know.Already the price of wood is so low that even if cost increases significantly that does not impact people and no change in the quantity of purchase.
This cannot be true

D) Previous initiatives by the city council to preserve the environment have been well-recieved in the town of Newport.
Since initiatives to preserve environment has been well accepted, this initiative will also be well received by the town as the people of town are more worried about environment.
We can say that people may not follow, but since people are happy to sacrifice for environment as mentioned in the option, means the firewood issue also will be well understood and people will react accordingly.

Hope my reasoning is correct and I feel that B is not correct.
Re: Since the city council sent a letter to the residents of   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2016, 13:20
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
8 Traverton s city council wants to minimize the city s 10 20 Jan 2010, 03:46
1 If the city council institutes new parking regulations, city 24 10 Nov 2009, 02:49
If the city council institutes new parking regulations, city 10 28 Jul 2009, 10:29
If the city council institutes new parking regulations, city 8 15 Sep 2007, 03:59
If the city council institutes new parking regulations, city 4 23 Jul 2007, 12:02
Display posts from previous: Sort by