Since the federal government began deregulating railroad : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Since the federal government began deregulating railroad

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27 Oct 2010, 02:19
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (02:29) correct 37% (00:58) wrong based on 38 sessions

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Since the federal government began deregulating railroad travel in the mid 1970s, major train companies in the United States have cut their employees ranks by more than 1000 persons. Thus, although deregulated competition has afforded consumers dramatically lower fares, the economy of the United States has been harmed by the deregulation of the railways.

The argument above would be most seriously weakened if it were true that

(A) a poll of people in the United States shows exceptionally strong support for railroad deregulation
(B) fewer passengers now travel on commercial trains than traveled on them in 1976, with the consequence that fewer employees are needed to operate the airlines than were needed in 1976
(C) trains now run a more restricted regular schedule of routes than they did in 1976, with the consequence that the industry is more highly concentrated and competitive than it was before 1976
(D) several major train companies now enjoy significantly higher profits and levels of employment than they did in the years preceding the Deregulation Acts
(E) smaller carriers have thrived as a result of deregulation and now provide more new jobs than the major train companies have eliminated since 1976
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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27 Oct 2010, 07:25
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IMO E
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27 Oct 2010, 19:59
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in this question we have to weaken the statement
"the economy of the United States has been harmed by the deregulation of the railways." which implies we have to prove that
"the economy of the United States has not been harmed by the deregulation of the railways."

the only statement that supports this fact is
E: smaller carriers have thrived as a result of deregulation and now provide more new jobs than the major train companies have eliminated since 1976

because the smaller carriers have thrived and provide more jobs, the economy cannot be harmed, instead it would have benefited.
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28 Oct 2010, 00:58
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The answer would be E definitely
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28 Oct 2010, 18:56
e it is !!
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28 Oct 2010, 20:54
Straight E ... Provides new information to effectively counter the assumption on which the argument is based
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16 Nov 2010, 21:51
devashish wrote:
Straight E ... Provides new information to effectively counter the assumption on which the argument is based

Hi,

Thanks very much for this comment. Very useful for me.Any way, your points of view make me thinking about some thing for my project.

Tks again and pls keep posting
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09 Dec 2010, 04:22
Premise:- The major train companies in the United States have cut their employees ranks by more than 1000 persons.
Conclusion:- The economy of the United States has been harmed by the deregulation of the railways.

It indicates that job losses/problems in the US economy are majorly due to deregulation of the Railway systems in the country.

Option E correctly suggests the new job benefits due to such move in the US.

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19 Dec 2010, 21:06
piyushagarwal wrote:
The answer would be E definitely

The answer is E for Sure..
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