Since the routine use of antibiotics can give rise to resistant bacteria capable of surviving antibiotic environments, the presence of resistant bacteria in people could be due to the human use of prescription antibiotics. Some scientists, however, believe that most resistant bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.
Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the hypothesis of the scientists?
(A) Antibiotics are routinely included in livestock feed so that livestock producers can increase the rate of growth of their animals.
(B) Most people who develop food poisoning from bacterially infected meat are treated with prescription antibiotics.
(C) The incidence of resistant bacteria in people has tended to be much higher in urban areas than in rural areas where meat is of comparable quality.
(D) People who have never taken prescription antibiotics are those least likely to develop resistant bacteria.
(E) Livestock producers claim that resistant bacteria in animals cannot be transmitted to people through infected meat.
Please explain your answer by stating why your choice is the correct answer rather than stating that it makes sense...
I will go for 'B'
P1 - Routine use of antibiotics ---> resistant bacteria ---> survive in anti-biotic environment
P2 - Resist. bacteria in people could be human
use of prescription antiobiotics
P3 - Some
scientists, believe most
resist. bacteria in people derive from human consumption of bacterially infected meat.
Hypothesis is P3
. which is people should consume bacterially infected meat and the bacteria based on P2
should go through prescribed antiobiotics to become a resistant bacteria
(A) - Antibiotics are given to the animals and not people. Moreover it is given to them for better growth and may or may not be for infection or disease. Anitobiotics can be for anything not only for a bacteria..
(B) - Strenghthens...
(C) - Weakens. meat qualitive is same, but the infection varies between Urban and rural areas
(d) - irrelevant... Describes different group of resistant bacteria. out of scope