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Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. [#permalink]
04 Jan 2005, 11:26
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. Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a significant decline in cigarette smoking in the last two decades, however, there has been no comparable decline in the number of people killed in home fires.
Each one of the following statements, if true over
the last two decades, helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:
(A) Compared to other types of home fires, home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively little damage before they are
(B) Home fires caused by smoking in bed often
break out after the homeâ€™s occupants have
(C) Smokers who smoke in bed tend to be heavy
smokers who are less likely to quit smoking
than are smokers who do not smoke in bed.
(D) An increasing number of people have been
killed in home fires that started in the kitchen.
(E) Population densities have increased, with the
result that one home fire can cause more
deaths than in previous decades.
but why A ? for me it is clear that it is B ! unfortunately i couldn`t make my point
a. there is no decline in the deathrate, because smoking in bed cause little damage (killing people). it resolves the discrepancy !
=> there must be another reason for the deathrate, because smoking in bed cause only little damage. that`s why the decline in cigarette smoking has no crucial effect on the death rate => resolves discrepancy !!!
Arrgg, sorry christoph, we all got tricked on this one. You are right! I didn't read carefully to see the word "little" in (A).
Home fires caused by smoking in bed often break out after the homeâ€™s occupants have fallen asleep. According to the fact,
"decline in cigarette smoking" -> "decline in home fires caused by smoking in bed" -> "decline in death of occupants have fallen asleep" -> "decline in the number of people killed"
"decline in the number of people killed" = NOT "no comparable decline in the number of people killed in home fires"
I also picked B when I saw the question. My reasoning was this:
There are three separate issues "home fires caused by cigarettes", "deaths caused by home fires", and "decline in smoking". So the ones that make a connection between the issues resolves the discrepancy. "A" makes that connection by saying that cigarettes cause home fires but do not kill so that would explain why it even though there was a decline in smoking there was not a decline in death because fires caused by cigarettes typically do not kill people. And since we are trying to find the choice that doesn't resolve this discrepancy in the argument B is the right choice.