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# Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires.

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Senior Manager
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Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2005, 12:26
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. Smoking in bed has long been the main cause of home fires. Despite a significant decline in cigarette smoking in the last two decades, however, there has been no comparable decline in the number of people killed in home fires.

Each one of the following statements, if true over
the last two decades, helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:

(A) Compared to other types of home fires, home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively little damage before they are
extinguished.
(B) Home fires caused by smoking in bed often
break out after the homeâ€™s occupants have
fallen asleep.
(C) Smokers who smoke in bed tend to be heavy
smokers who are less likely to quit smoking
than are smokers who do not smoke in bed.
(D) An increasing number of people have been
killed in home fires that started in the kitchen.
(E) Population densities have increased, with the
result that one home fire can cause more
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04 Jan 2005, 12:53
B ?

a. home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively damage => thats why there has been no comparable decline in the number of people killed => resolves discrepancy

c. the heavy smokers do not belong to the ones that quit smoking, so there is no reason why the number of people who smoke in bed and get killed decline => resolves discrepancy

d. there is another reason for the deaths of people in home fires => that is why there is no decline in the number of people killed => resolves discrepancy

e. more people are killed by on fire => that is why there is no decline in the number of people killed => resolves discrepancy
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04 Jan 2005, 14:57
why A ?

discrepany = less people smoke, but no decline in the number of people killed

a. there is no decline in the deathrate, because smoking in bed cause little damage (killing people). it resolves the discrepancy !
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04 Jan 2005, 15:52
A for me.

If this type of fire lead to little damage, then it is okay to assume this type of fire lead to low rate of death
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04 Jan 2005, 17:12
christoph wrote:
why A ?

discrepany = less people smoke, but no decline in the number of people killed

a. there is no decline in the deathrate, because smoking in bed cause little damage (killing people). it resolves the discrepancy !

...Each one of the following statements, if true over
the last two decades, helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy above EXCEPT:
....
Senior Manager
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04 Jan 2005, 21:20
OA is B , my answer was A as well
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04 Jan 2005, 21:22
boksana wrote:
OA is B , my answer was A as well

what is the explanation given?
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05 Jan 2005, 00:29
I thought A too.
I believe the person who originally framed the question didnt see the word EXCEPT when he answered the same,
VP
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05 Jan 2005, 01:50
but why A ? for me it is clear that it is B ! unfortunately i couldnt make my point

a. there is no decline in the deathrate, because smoking in bed cause little damage (killing people). it resolves the discrepancy !

=> there must be another reason for the deathrate, because smoking in bed cause only little damage. that`s why the decline in cigarette smoking has no crucial effect on the death rate => resolves discrepancy !!!
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05 Jan 2005, 08:21
Arrgg, sorry christoph, we all got tricked on this one. You are right! I didn't read carefully to see the word "little" in (A).

For (B)
Home fires caused by smoking in bed often break out after the homeâ€™s occupants have fallen asleep.
According to the fact,
"decline in cigarette smoking"
-> "decline in home fires caused by smoking in bed"
-> "decline in death of occupants have fallen asleep"
-> "decline in the number of people killed"

"decline in the number of people killed" = NOT "no comparable decline in the number of people killed in home fires"
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05 Jan 2005, 09:26
ouch!!!! thats a tough one.. i would have picked A on the test.
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05 Jan 2005, 09:41
I don't think there is any confusion, I picked B and was surprised to see so many As'.

All except B tend to help resolve the apparent discrepancy

A) Compared to other types of home fires, home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively little damage before they are
extinguished.

--> compared to other types fire caused by smoking does relatively little damage before they are estinguished. So, there must be some other cause for home fires, which has more damaging effects.

(B) Home fires caused by smoking in bed often
break out after the homeâ€™s occupants have
fallen asleep.

--> If smoke breakes out when occupants are asleep then the causality is more. This would add to the descripancy.
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Wish you all good luck
Bhimsen Joshi

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05 Jan 2005, 09:44
Bhimsen wrote:
I don't think there is any confusion, I picked B and was surprised to see so many As'.

All except B tend to help resolve the apparent discrepancy

A) Compared to other types of home fires, home fires caused by smoking in bed usually cause relatively little damage before they are
extinguished.

--> compared to other types fire caused by smoking does relatively little damage before they are estinguished. So, there must be some other cause for home fires, which has more damaging effects.

(B) Home fires caused by smoking in bed often
break out after the homeâ€™s occupants have
fallen asleep.

--> If smoke breakes out when occupants are asleep then the causality is more. This would add to the descripancy.

thats a good explanation bhimsen. thanks..
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05 Jan 2005, 12:12
I also picked B when I saw the question. My reasoning was this:

There are three separate issues "home fires caused by cigarettes", "deaths caused by home fires", and "decline in smoking". So the ones that make a connection between the issues resolves the discrepancy. "A" makes that connection by saying that cigarettes cause home fires but do not kill so that would explain why it even though there was a decline in smoking there was not a decline in death because fires caused by cigarettes typically do not kill people. And since we are trying to find the choice that doesn't resolve this discrepancy in the argument B is the right choice.
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05 Jan 2005, 12:58
"B" for me too. Mainly used POE for this ques.
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