So as to : GMAT Verbal Section
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# So as to

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Manager
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12 Nov 2006, 08:47
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On this example, does " they" have a clear antecedent?

Congress is debating a bill requiring certain employers provide workers with unpaid leave so as to care for sick or newborn children.

A. provide workers with unpaid leave so as to

B. to provide workers with unpaid leave so as to

C. provide workers with unpaid leave in order that they

D. to provide workers with unpaid leave so that they can

E. provide workers with unpaid leave and
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Director
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12 Nov 2006, 08:50
yes - "They" refers to workers.

D
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12 Nov 2006, 10:03
Logically we see that it must be Workers... because employers is not supposed to care about newborn children

but "one phsychie" could argue the contrary...

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12 Nov 2006, 11:25
ugo_castelo wrote:
Logically we see that it must be Workers... because employers is not supposed to care about newborn children

but "one phsychie" could argue the contrary...

BTW, one psycho can argue unreasonably about anything in the world because by definition that is the reason he/she is called "psycho" in "normal" world !
Now, some grammar rules :
Relative pronouns always represent the immediate antecedents (nouns). Here, "workers" comes after "employers" and thus becomes the immediate antecedent of "they".

I hope someday we will find solace in this barren and boring world of english grammar. Until then, keep an eye on the prize and hold on ... May GOD bless us .......
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12 Nov 2006, 11:44
D is the answer. Though so as to is idiomatic.
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12 Nov 2006, 11:48
Swagatalakshmi wrote:
Relative pronouns always represent the immediate antecedents (nouns). Here, "workers" comes after "employers" and thus becomes the immediate antecedent of "they".

yep, that's why it's D
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13 Jun 2007, 18:12
ugo_castelo wrote:
On this example, does " they" have a clear antecedent?

Congress is debating a bill requiring certain employers provide workers with unpaid leave so as to care for sick or newborn children.

A. provide workers with unpaid leave so as to

B. to provide workers with unpaid leave so as to

C. provide workers with unpaid leave in order that they

D. to provide workers with unpaid leave so that they can

E. provide workers with unpaid leave and

to cannot be dropped in "to provide" unless there was another "to"

example: she likes to skii and (to) swim.

therefore, B&D are left.

B is wrong because of the infamous "so as to" that GMAT tests. "So as to" is ALWAYS wrong. The correct idiom is X is so Y as to Z.
Example: Bill is so tall as to reach the top shelf.

Therefore, D is correct. As mentioned above, the immediate antecedent of they is workers.
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16 Jun 2007, 03:55
16 Jun 2007, 03:55
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