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Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the

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Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2009, 14:27
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Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

(a) a greater proportion than it was
(b) a greater proportion than
(c) a greater proportion than they have been
(d) which is greater than was so
(e) which is greater than it has been

do go through the logic of your solution
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2009, 01:28
Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

(a) a greater proportion than it was
(b) a greater proportion than
(c) a greater proportion than they have been
(d) which is greater than was so
(e) which is greater than it has been

We are comparing "soaring television costs". They are greater in 1992 presidential campaign than they were in any other previous campaign. "costs" requires plural pronoun, which we have only in C option.
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2009, 01:39
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nightwing79 wrote:
Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

(a) a greater proportion than it was
(b) a greater proportion than
(c) a greater proportion than they have been
(d) which is greater than was so
(e) which is greater than it has been

do go through the logic of your solution


OA is B

I think ideal correct answer is "a greater portion than they had been"

that is not option - so i presume "had been" can be omitted - any comments?
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2009, 01:51
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Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

(a) a greater proportion than it was - dangling modifier, but right time
(b) a greater proportion than - right one
(c) a greater proportion than they have been - wrong time, dangling modifier
(d) which is greater than was so - redundant
(e) which is greater than it has been dangling modifier, wrong time

Please see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dangling_modifier for additional info
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2009, 01:57
nightwing79 wrote:
I think ideal correct answer is "a greater portion than they had been"


Option (B) might be not ideal, but the only right option among provided.
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2009, 08:55
What does "it" refer to in answer A? I think that "it" refers to proportion, right? If so, does that necessarily make answer A wrong? Please explain why B and not A. thanks.
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2009, 21:38
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amitgovin wrote:
What does "it" refer to in answer A? I think that "it" refers to proportion, right? If so, does that necessarily make answer A wrong? Please explain why B and not A. thanks.


Option (A) wrongly introduces another clause (subject + verb) while option (B) just correctly modifies 'television costs' (subordinate phrase).

In addition, remember the standard pattern for comparisons: X is less than Y, NOT X is less than it is Y.

Just try to 'throw away' all words between 'costs' and 'a greater proportion'.
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 23 Oct 2009, 00:48
DenisSh thanku good explanation
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2009, 17:41
DenisSh wrote:
amitgovin wrote:
What does "it" refer to in answer A? I think that "it" refers to proportion, right? If so, does that necessarily make answer A wrong? Please explain why B and not A. thanks.


Option (A) wrongly introduces another clause (subject + verb) while option (B) just correctly modifies 'television costs' (subordinate phrase).

In addition, remember the standard pattern for comparisons: X is less than Y, NOT X is less than it is Y.

Just try to 'throw away' all words between 'costs' and 'a greater proportion'.


Thanks for the explanation. I too choose b.
But then the verbal sets official answer was c. So i was researching. :)
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 06 May 2010, 17:00
raven678 wrote:
DenisSh wrote:
amitgovin wrote:
What does "it" refer to in answer A? I think that "it" refers to proportion, right? If so, does that necessarily make answer A wrong? Please explain why B and not A. thanks.


Option (A) wrongly introduces another clause (subject + verb) while option (B) just correctly modifies 'television costs' (subordinate phrase).

In addition, remember the standard pattern for comparisons: X is less than Y, NOT X is less than it is Y.

Just try to 'throw away' all words between 'costs' and 'a greater proportion'.


Thanks for the explanation. I too choose b.
But then the verbal sets official answer was c. So i was researching. :)



oa is b, i like the explanation of had been choice
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2010, 23:12
I marked B, because in C, we have:
a proportion....than they...

This is incorrect comparison (singular Vs plural), but the verbal set says OA is C :cry:

Can someone please confirm?

nightwing79 wrote:
Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

(a) a greater proportion than it was
(b) a greater proportion than
(c) a greater proportion than they have been
(d) which is greater than was so
(e) which is greater than it has been

do go through the logic of your solution

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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 02 Jun 2010, 00:51
you can`t use past simple and present perfect in one sentence - so C is out
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 02 Jun 2010, 01:15
I dont think you are right. Read this post on past tense and HAVE BEEN usage:
usage-of-have-been-kaplan-94724.html
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Re: Television costs (GMATPREP question) [#permalink] New post 02 Jun 2010, 19:40
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ykaiim wrote:
I dont think you are right. Read this post on past tense and HAVE BEEN usage:
usage-of-have-been-kaplan-94724.html



I agree in this sentence you can not use present perfect as the first part already implies the time in the past. In addition, I have read your link. Over there, the examples provided by Kaplan instructor is mostly giving two separate ideas, but not one and they are right.
However in our problem under discussion, present perfect can not be used in anyway, so OA is B,
Read the following ling , may be it will help you understand better:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/soa ... t6085.html

Hope that helps
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2012, 19:10
Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

(a) a greater proportion than it was
(b) a greater proportion than
(c) a greater proportion than they have been
(d) which is greater than was so
(e) which is greater than it has been

(a) a greater proportion than it was
One thing that I missed was the usage of the antecedent in this sentence.
'it' is wrong not because of the ambiguity but because of 'non-referent'.
'it' doesn't refer to either 'the spending'(doesn't make sense) or 'television costs'(plural).
If I remember right, the antecedent can't refer to the noun in the same sentence although the antecedent can refer to the dependent sentence.


(c) a greater proportion than they have been
they = the soaring tel costs, wrong comparison

(d), (e) wrong modifier

B wins.

Please correct my reasoning if wrong.
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2012, 18:34
I would like to request Shraddha, The E-gmat Expert to help here with her analysis of this question.

Well,The OA is (B) ,for this I wanted to check if the presence of Pronouns 'it' 'them' etc which dont have a clear antecedent is the error in this sentence?
This was the only possible flaw i could think of.
Please help me with your inputs.

Thanks.
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2012, 06:10
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Hi All,

Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

Let’s begin with understanding the meaning of this sentence. The sentence says that increasing television costs were responsible for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992. This proportion was greater than any proportion in any previous election.

Now let’s begin the error analysis:
There are a few singular entities that “it” may refer to. These entities are “spending” and “the presidential campaign of 1992”. However, none of these entities are logical antecedent of “it”. Hence, presence of this pronoun makes this sentence incorrect.

POE:

A. a greater proportion than it was: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. a greater proportion than: Correct. Removal of “it was” rectifies the error in the original sentence.

C. a greater proportion than they have been: Incorrect.
1. Plural “they” can only refer to “soaring television costs”. This entity cannot be the logical antecedent of “they”. Hence, we have pronoun error.
2. Use of present perfect tense “have been” is incorrect. The complete verb here should be “they have been accounting for”. Notice that “accounting” cannot be made understood because this word does not appear anywhere else in this sentence. Also, previous elections are over. Nothing can be accounting for them in the present.

D. which is greater than was so: Incorrect. Relative pronoun “which” modifies preceding noun entity. But we need a modifier here that can talk about the entire idea presented in the preceding clause.

E. which is greater than it has been: Incorrect.
1. This choice repeats the relative pronoun clause error as in choice D.
2. Pronoun “it” has no referent.
3. Use of present perfect “has been” is incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2012, 21:01
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

Let’s begin with understanding the meaning of this sentence. The sentence says that increasing television costs were responsible for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992. This proportion was greater than any proportion in any previous election.

Now let’s begin the error analysis:
There are a few singular entities that “it” may refer to. These entities are “spending” and “the presidential campaign of 1992”. However, none of these entities are logical antecedent of “it”. Hence, presence of this pronoun makes this sentence incorrect.

POE:

A. a greater proportion than it was: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. a greater proportion than: Correct. Removal of “it was” rectifies the error in the original sentence.

C. a greater proportion than they have been: Incorrect.
1. Plural “they” can only refer to “soaring television costs”. This entity cannot be the logical antecedent of “they”. Hence, we have pronoun error.
2. Use of present perfect tense “have been” is incorrect. The complete verb here should be “they have been accounting for”. Notice that “accounting” cannot be made understood because this word does not appear anywhere else in this sentence. Also, previous elections are over. Nothing can be accounting for them in the present.

D. which is greater than was so: Incorrect. Relative pronoun “which” modifies preceding noun entity. But we need a modifier here that can talk about the entire idea presented in the preceding clause.

E. which is greater than it has been: Incorrect.
1. This choice repeats the relative pronoun clause error as in choice D.
2. Pronoun “it” has no referent.
3. Use of present perfect “has been” is incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha



Thanks Shraddha. that helped!
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink] New post 11 Jan 2013, 01:32
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

Let’s begin with understanding the meaning of this sentence. The sentence says that increasing television costs were responsible for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992. This proportion was greater than any proportion in any previous election.

Now let’s begin the error analysis:
There are a few singular entities that “it” may refer to. These entities are “spending” and “the presidential campaign of 1992”. However, none of these entities are logical antecedent of “it”. Hence, presence of this pronoun makes this sentence incorrect.

POE:

A. a greater proportion than it was: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. a greater proportion than: Correct. Removal of “it was” rectifies the error in the original sentence.

C. a greater proportion than they have been: Incorrect.
1. Plural “they” can only refer to “soaring television costs”. This entity cannot be the logical antecedent of “they”. Hence, we have pronoun error.
2. Use of present perfect tense “have been” is incorrect. The complete verb here should be “they have been accounting for”. Notice that “accounting” cannot be made understood because this word does not appear anywhere else in this sentence. Also, previous elections are over. Nothing can be accounting for them in the present.

D. which is greater than was so: Incorrect. Relative pronoun “which” modifies preceding noun entity. But we need a modifier here that can talk about the entire idea presented in the preceding clause.

E. which is greater than it has been: Incorrect.
1. This choice repeats the relative pronoun clause error as in choice D.
2. Pronoun “it” has no referent.
3. Use of present perfect “has been” is incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hello Shraddha,

C. a greater proportion than they have been: Incorrect.
1.Plural “they” can only refer to “soaring television costs”. This entity cannot be the logical antecedent of “they”. Hence, we have pronoun error.
2. Use of present perfect tense “have been” is incorrect. The complete verb here should be “they have been accounting for”. Notice that “accounting” cannot be made understood because this word does not appear anywhere else in this sentence. Also, previous elections are over. Nothing can be accounting for them in the present.

why is “soaring television costs” - verb-ing modifier noun not "Singular" in this case???
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the [#permalink] New post 11 Jan 2013, 06:19
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kuttingchai wrote:
Hello Shraddha,
why is “soaring television costs” - verb-ing modifier noun not "Singular" in this case???


Hi kuttingchai,

"Soaring television costs" is a noun phrase. Yes, "soaring" is a verb-ing modifier that appears right before "television costs", a noun entity. Hence, it modifies this noun entity. So "soaring" is an adjective in this sentence. "costs" is the noun here that is a plural entity, and hence the subject "soaring television costs" is a plural subject.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the   [#permalink] 11 Jan 2013, 06:19
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