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Social critic: One of the most important ways in which a

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Social critic: One of the most important ways in which a [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2005, 05:40
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A
B
C
D
E

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(N/A)

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0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 0 sessions
Social critic: One of the most important ways in which
a society socializes children is by making them
feel ashamed of their immoral behavior. But in
many people this shame results in deep feelings
of guilt and self-loathing that can be a severe
hardship. Thus, moral socialization has had a net
effect of increasing the total amount of suffering.

The social criticтАЩs argument is most vulnerable to
criticism on the grounds that it
(A) overlooks the possibility that the purported
source of a problem could be modified to avoid
that problem without being eliminated
altogether
(B) fails to address adequately the possibility that
one phenomenon may causally contribute to
the occurrence of another, even though the two
phenomena do not always occur together
(C) presumes, without providing justification, that a
phenomenon that supposedly increases the total
amount of suffering in a society should
therefore be changed or eliminated, regardless
of its beneficial consequences
(D) takes for granted that a behavior that sometimes
leads to a certain phenomenon cannot also
significantly reduce the overall occurrence of
that phenomenon
(E) presumes, without providing justification, that if
many people have a negative psychological
reaction to a phenomenon, then no one can
have a positive reaction to that phenomenon
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2005, 06:27
I vote for (A).

(A) overlooks the possibility that the purported
source of a problem could be modified to avoid
that problem without being eliminated
altogether.

* purported source of a problem = socialization of children
* problem = to feel ashmed

The problem can be corrected.

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 [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2005, 06:29
Is E the answer?

This is the most direct assumption on the part of the author in making the conclusion.
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2005, 06:40
I think it is E.

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 [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2005, 06:53
Between A and C, I will take A. What if the children who commit immoral acts could be corrected?

This is seriously a tricky CR and the layout is exactly the same as the real GMAT.

Keep em commin ronybtl :)
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2005, 09:11
I am thoroughly confused with this one. OA/-OE please.
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2005, 11:09
C. seems right to me. So it causes moral suffering. But would there be more suffering caused if children were not socialized? Seems to be the case.
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2005, 15:36
B for me. If true I will explain.
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2005, 17:55
E for me

very good one
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Nov 2005, 18:21
This is stretch, but I believe the answer is B. It may be possible that people who already have deep guilt and self-loathing will act immorally. This would weaken the critics statement. This is cause and effect argument.


a) Out of scope
b) IMO,
c) The critic does not presume this
d) Out of scope
e) The critc does not presume this
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 [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2005, 01:55
I vote for E.
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 [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2005, 04:13
go E go..
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 [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2005, 06:43
ronybtl, what is the source of your cr`s ?

its A)...b/c maybe the effect is not cumulative...

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 [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2005, 07:35
OA is D.

This qn was from LSAT Jun 2004, Section 1, qn 20 of critical reasoning.

This is a "flaw in reasoning" qn. The difficulty lies in deciphering the answer stems and fitting them into the conventional flaw pegs (appeal fallacies, contradictions, mistaken cause and effect, etc)

Conclusion of the critic is: " moral socialization has had a net effect of increasing the total amount of suffering". We must attack that conclusion.

A: Close answer if you follow what gamjatang is saying
B: out of scope
C: answer stem is misleading because (i) qn stem provides the justification already (ii) although benefits exist, the net disadvantages may still outweigh the benefits. This does not attack conclusion
E: It could be that only 1 person has a positive reaction to socialisation. Conclusion is not weakened and still holds.

For D, does "behaviour" equal socialisation and "phenomenon" equal shame? If so, socialisation can be said to restrict immorality and thus make prevent them from feeling shameful? If so, answer D highlights the flaw.

Can anyone else explain in a better way ? thk u
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 [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2005, 07:36
OA is D.

This qn was from LSAT Jun 2004, Section 1, qn 20 of critical reasoning.

This is a "flaw in reasoning" qn. The difficulty lies in deciphering the answer stems and fitting them into the conventional flaw pegs (appeal fallacies, contradictions, mistaken cause and effect, etc)

Conclusion of the critic is: " moral socialization has had a net effect of increasing the total amount of suffering". We must attack that conclusion.

A: Close answer if you follow what gamjatang is saying
B: out of scope
C: answer stem is misleading because (i) qn stem provides the justification already (ii) although benefits exist, the net disadvantages may still outweigh the benefits. This does not attack conclusion
E: It could be that only 1 person has a positive reaction to socialisation. Conclusion is not weakened and still holds.

For D, does "behaviour" equal socialisation and "phenomenon" equal shame? If so, socialisation can be said to restrict immorality and thus make prevent them from feeling shameful? If so, answer D highlights the flaw.

Can anyone else explain in a better way ? thk u
  [#permalink] 02 Nov 2005, 07:36
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