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Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory

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Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2011, 19:28
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

61% (01:42) correct 39% (01:20) wrong based on 41 sessions
Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the National Institutes of Health(NIH). Since these councils advise NIH directors and recommend policy, the underrepresentation of social scientists results in a relative lack of NIH financial support for research in the social sciences.

If the statements above are correct, they most strongly support which of the following?

(A) A significant increase in the size of NIH advisory councils would be required in order to increase the representation of social scientists on these councils.

(B)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research.

(C)A significant increase in funding for social science research would result in improved policy recommendations to NIH directors.

(D)A significant increase in funding for the training of social scientists would result in an increase in the number of social scientist on NIH advisory councils.

(E)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would have to precede any increase in the number of NIH directors who are social scientists.

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B
is mistaken negation .Experts, Please Explain i Why is it correct?
IF A THEN B
if underreprenentation of social scientists then relative lack of NIH financial support

negation IF not a than not b
if (not) [b]underreprenentation of social scientists then (not) [b]relative lack of NIH financial support
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Re: Social Scientist [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2011, 02:54
This is a must be true question, so the answer has to follow from what is given in stimulus. You can't assume things beyond the stimulus, so while it's given that:

IF A THEN B

you can't assume the other "mirror-half" :
negation IF not a than not b

In stimulus it's mentioned that :

the underrepresentation of social scientists results in a relative lack of NIH financial support for research in the social sciences.

B is correct because it says :

A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research.


Hope this helps.
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Re: Social Scientist [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2011, 14:58
subhashghosh is on point. don't use negation technique unless you are dealing with an assumption question type
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Re: Social Scientist [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2011, 17:00
This is a must be true question/find the conclusion question. hence, we must only use what is given in the passage

Social Scientists underrepresented in council->these councils advise NIH directors->underrepresentation results in lack of fin support

Here, try to paraphrase the answer : the passage says that this underrepresentation is responsible fot lack of funds. hence, increase in their number may increase funds.
If the statements above are correct, they most strongly support which of the following?

(A) A significant increase in the size of NIH advisory councils would be required in order to increase the representation of social scientists on these councils.wrong. not as per what is stated in the passage

(B)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research.correct answer. similar to paraphrase

(C)A significant increase in funding for social science research would result in improved policy recommendations to NIH directors.not given in passage.

(D)A significant increase in funding for the training of social scientists would result in an increase in the number of social scientist on NIH advisory councils.opposite of what passage states(reverse process)

(E)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would have to precede any increase in the number of NIH directors who are social scientistsagain, not given in passage
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory [#permalink] New post 03 May 2012, 19:48
I agree that the answer choice must be B. It states the whole point most clearly.
I was curious as to how D does not contribute to the answer. It says that training of social scientists (SS) would result in an increase in their representation in the council. The argument says that under-representation results in low funding. When there is an increase in the representation at the council, it follows that funding for the research would also increase. It is a case of a sub-conclusion promoting another conclusion.
Kindly throw light on the point.
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory [#permalink] New post 03 May 2012, 22:11
It is stated that Social Scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of NIH. These councils inturn advice NIH directors and recommend policies. The underrepresentation of social scientists on the councils affect the NIH funding for research in social sciences.

The underrepresentation of social scientists on the councils is unknown. Hence it cannot be said that just by increasing the size of councils will ensure more social scientists in the councils.
Hence first the representation of social scientists should be increased in the councils to get tangible results on the funding front for the research.

B is the correct answer.
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Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory [#permalink] New post 05 May 2012, 03:20
Onell wrote:
Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory councils of the National Institutes of Health(NIH). Since these councils advise NIH directors and recommend policy, the underrepresentation of social scientists results in a relative lack of NIH financial support for research in the social sciences.

If the statements above are correct, they most strongly support which of the following?

(A) A significant increase in the size of NIH advisory councils would be required in order to increase the representation of social scientists on these councils.

(B)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would result in an increase in NIH funding for social science research.

(C)A significant increase in funding for social science research would result in improved policy recommendations to NIH directors.

(D)A significant increase in funding for the training of social scientists would result in an increase in the number of social scientist on NIH advisory councils.

(E)A significant increase in the representation of social scientists on NIH advisory councils would have to precede any increase in the number of NIH directors who are social scientists.

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B
is mistaken negation .Experts, Please Explain i Why is it correct?
IF A THEN B
if underreprenentation of social scientists then relative lack of NIH financial support

negation IF not a than not b
if (not) [b]underreprenentation of social scientists then (not) [b]relative lack of NIH financial support




B is the correct answer, what is the OA?
Re: Social scientists are underrepresented on the advisory   [#permalink] 05 May 2012, 03:20
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