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Sociologist: Research shows, contrary to popular opinion,

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Joined: 16 Jul 2009
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Re: pets [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2010, 12:52
ImJun wrote:
i beat it without even thinking, u call this a 700 level?
lol but sometimes we do get stuck on questions like that


What are you bringing to the table?

I kindly ask you for your thoughts on this question.
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Re: pets [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2010, 02:06
noboru wrote:
I'm still not conviced with the reasons you are providing to ruling out A.


Some people who have pets are happier than most people who do not. Suppose two people A(who has a pet) and B(who doesnt have a pet)

Premise says -
A less happy than B

Conclusion-
For A or B to be as happy as possible they should not have a pet

Consider A or B want to be as happy as possible , which of them below statements can they use -
(A) Some people who have pets are happier than most people who do not. - This says that some A are happier than B , doesnt help much to decide how can 1 be more happier.
(D) Most people who have pets feel happier because they have pets - This says that A or for that matter B can be happier if they have a pet which directly attach the conclusion

Hope, it clears the confusion.
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Re: pets [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2010, 06:12
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noboru wrote:
Sociologist: Research shows, contrary to popular opinion, that, all other things being equal, most people who have pets are less happy than most people who do not. Therefore, any person who wants to be as happy as possible would do well to consider not having a pet.
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the sociologist’s argument?
(A) Some people who have pets are happier than most people who do not.
(B) Most people who have no pets occasionally wish that they had pets.
(C) Most people who have pets are reasonably happy.
(D) Most people who have pets feel happier because they have pets.
(E) All people who have no pets admit to feeling unhappy sometimes.

Between A and D what is your take?


Premise:
Most people who have pets are less happy than most people who do not.
Conclusion:
Any person who wants to be as happy as possible would do well to consider not having a pet.

What the argument doesn't say is that pets are the reason why people who have them are not as happy. We do not know what is the causal agent here. Is that people were unhappy in the first place and hence got pets to be happier? or is it that they were happy and got pets and then got unhappy?
What would weaken my conclusion is: People were unhappy in the first place and hence got pets and got happier. In that case, getting a pet would make people relatively happier than before.

Option (D) says exactly this. Most people who have pets feel happier because they have pets. Lets say on a scale of 1 to 10 of happiness, people without pets are at 9 and those with pets are at 7. Those who have pets were actually at 5 without pets but came up to 7 because of their pets. So without the pets they would go down to 5 (may be even 3 because losing a pet is terrible but that's besides the point!) This seriously weakens my conclusion that if you want to be as happy as possible, don't get a pet.

Option (A) is incorrect because even if some people who have pets are happier than most people who do not, they could be few and exceptional cases. You cannot draw general statements based on the cases of few people. General statements can be drawn only from what most people experience.
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Re: pets   [#permalink] 18 Nov 2010, 06:12
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