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Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not

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Joined: 19 Jun 2012
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Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not [#permalink]  19 Nov 2013, 02:24
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51% (02:53) correct 49% (01:31) wrong based on 173 sessions
Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born evil but may be made evil by the imperfect institutions that they form cannot be right, for they misunderstand the causal relationshipbetween people and their institutions. After all,institutions are merely collections of people.

Which one of the following principles, if valid, would most help to justify the sociologist’s argument?

(A) People acting together in institutions can do more good or evil than can people acting individually.

(B) Institutions formed by people are inevitably imperfect.

(C) People should not be overly optimistic in their view of individual human beings.

(D) A society’s institutions are the surest gauge of that society’s values.

(E) The whole does not determine the properties of the things that compose it.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not [#permalink]  19 Nov 2013, 18:56
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The sociologist is arguing against the idea that institutions cause people to be evil, and his evidence is that institutions are made up of people. Answer choice E supports the sociologist's argument, because if the whole (in this case the institution) DID determine the properties of the things that compose it (the people), then that would support the romantic's point of view (that institutions cause people to become evil). The sociologist is arguing against the romantic, and stating that the whole does NOT determine the characteristics of the parts, so answer choice E helps justify the sociologist's argument.

I hope this helps!!!
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Save $100 on Veritas Prep GMAT Courses And Admissions Consulting Enroll now. Pay later. Take advantage of Veritas Prep's flexible payment plan options. Veritas Prep Reviews GMAT Club Legend Joined: 01 Oct 2013 Posts: 6582 Followers: 640 Kudos [?]: 133 [0], given: 0 Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not [#permalink] 25 May 2015, 09:58 Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. Optimus Prep Instructor Joined: 06 Nov 2014 Posts: 1012 Followers: 14 Kudos [?]: 169 [0], given: 6 Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not [#permalink] 26 May 2015, 22:53 Expert's post Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born evil but may be made evil by the imperfect institutions that they form cannot be right, for they misunderstand the causal relationship between people and their institutions. After all, institutions are merely collections of people. The conclusion is that people with bad intentions can make an institution imperfect. This is in opposition to the claim that institutions influence individuals. Which one of the following principles, if valid, would most help to justify the sociologist’s argument? The correct answer choice will show that individuals affect the institution or negate the idea that the institution affects individuals. (A) People acting together in institutions can do more good or evil than can people acting individually. doesn't clarify the causal relationship. (B) Institutions formed by people are inevitably imperfect. mentions no causal relationship (C) People should not be overly optimistic in their view of individual human beings. out of scope (D) A society’s institutions are the surest gauge of that society’s values. out of scope (E) The whole does not determine the properties of the things that compose it. The character of the institution is not an indicator of the character of the individuals that form it. _________________ Janielle Williams Customer Support Special Offer: Save up to$200 + GMAT Club Tests

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Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not   [#permalink] 26 May 2015, 22:53
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