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Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not

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Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2013, 02:24
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Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born evil but may be made evil by the imperfect institutions that they form cannot be right, for they misunderstand the causal relationshipbetween people and their institutions. After all,institutions are merely collections of people.

Which one of the following principles, if valid, would most help to justify the sociologist’s argument?

(A) People acting together in institutions can do more good or evil than can people acting individually.

(B) Institutions formed by people are inevitably imperfect.

(C) People should not be overly optimistic in their view of individual human beings.

(D) A society’s institutions are the surest gauge of that society’s values.

(E) The whole does not determine the properties of the things that compose it.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2013, 18:56
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The sociologist is arguing against the idea that institutions cause people to be evil, and his evidence is that institutions are made up of people. Answer choice E supports the sociologist's argument, because if the whole (in this case the institution) DID determine the properties of the things that compose it (the people), then that would support the romantic's point of view (that institutions cause people to become evil). The sociologist is arguing against the romantic, and stating that the whole does NOT determine the characteristics of the parts, so answer choice E helps justify the sociologist's argument.

I hope this helps!!!
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Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not [#permalink] New post 25 May 2015, 09:58
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Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not [#permalink] New post 26 May 2015, 22:53
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Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born evil but may be made evil by the imperfect institutions that they form cannot be right, for they misunderstand the causal relationship between people and their institutions. After all, institutions are merely collections of people.
The conclusion is that people with bad intentions can make an institution imperfect. This is in opposition to the claim that institutions influence individuals.
Which one of the following principles, if valid, would most help to justify the sociologist’s argument?
The correct answer choice will show that individuals affect the institution or negate the idea that the institution affects individuals.
(A) People acting together in institutions can do more good or evil than can people acting individually.
doesn't clarify the causal relationship.
(B) Institutions formed by people are inevitably imperfect.
mentions no causal relationship
(C) People should not be overly optimistic in their view of individual human beings.
out of scope
(D) A society’s institutions are the surest gauge of that society’s values.
out of scope
(E) The whole does not determine the properties of the things that compose it.
The character of the institution is not an indicator of the character of the individuals that form it.
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Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not   [#permalink] 26 May 2015, 22:53
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