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Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born

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Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2012, 03:23
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A
B
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E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

81% (02:20) correct 19% (01:27) wrong based on 33 sessions
Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born evil but may be made evil by the imperfect institutions that they form cannot be right, for they misunderstand the causal relationship between people and their institutions. After all, institutions are merely collections of people


Which one of the following principles, if valid, would
most help to justify the sociologist’s argument?

(A) People acting together in institutions can do
more good or evil than can people acting
individually.

(B) Institutions formed by people are inevitably
imperfect.

(C) People should not be overly optimistic in their
view of individual human beings.

(D) A society’s institutions are the surest gauge of
that society’s values.

(E) The whole does not determine the properties of
the things that compose it

OA , after some time
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Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born.. [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2012, 05:41
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Romantics: Institutions --influence--> People
Author/Sociologists: People --make up-->Institutions (premise)
Author/Sociologists: Institutions---do NOT influence---> People (conclusion)

Category: Strengthen
Prephrase: sum of parts does not influence parts

(A) People acting together in institutions can do more good or evil than can people acting individually. This weakens the author's argument rather than strengthen it. This statement implies that institutions influence people and does not say anything about the reverse. Incorrect.

(B) Institutions formed by people are inevitably imperfect.
Trap choice. We're interested in an assumption that establishes the validity of institutions not influencing people, not people influencing institutions. Looks attractive, but incorrect.

(C) People should not be overly optimistic in their view of individual human beings.
Attacks the rival (romantics) rather than their argument. Incorrect.

(D) A society’s institutions are the surest gauge of that society’s values.Out of scope/Shell/whatever. Incorrect.

(E) The whole does not determine the properties of the things that compose it. Bingo! Establishes a logical relationship from institutions to people and is an assumption the conclusion directly depends on. Correct.

Thanks for sharing. :)
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Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2013, 08:55
fell for the trap... :( chose B
but agree with OA..
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Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2013, 18:41
vomhorizon wrote:
Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born evil but may be made evil by the imperfect institutions that they form cannot be right, for they misunderstand the causal relationship between people and their institutions. After all, institutions are merely collections of people


Which one of the following principles, if valid, would
most help to justify the sociologist’s argument?

(A) People acting together in institutions can do
more good or evil than can people acting
individually.

(B) Institutions formed by people are inevitably
imperfect.

(C) People should not be overly optimistic in their
view of individual human beings.

(D) A society’s institutions are the surest gauge of
that society’s values.

(E) The whole does not determine the properties of
the things that compose it

OA , after some time



The answer E; clearly Justifies the authors conclusion
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Re: Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born   [#permalink] 19 Nov 2013, 18:41
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