Sociologist: The intended function of news is to give us : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Sociologist: The intended function of news is to give us

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Sociologist: The intended function of news is to give us [#permalink]

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18 May 2005, 18:39
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Sociologist: The intended function of news is to give us information on which to act. But in a consumer society, news becomes a product to be manufactured and dispensed to the consumer. An enormous industry for the production and consumption of news has evolved, and we ingest news with an insatiable appetite. Under such circumstances, news is primarily entertaining and cannot, therefore, serve its intended function.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the sociologist's arugment depends?

A) News that serves its intended funciton should not be entertaining.
B) Most viewers perfer that news be entertaining
C) News has only one important function
D) News that primarily entertains does not give us information on which to act.
E) A news industry that aims to make a profit inevitably presents news as entertainment.
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18 May 2005, 19:06
D?
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krish

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19 May 2005, 07:06
D
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19 May 2005, 07:43
I'll take (A). It seems to hurt the argument (esp. the conclusion) more when negated.
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19 May 2005, 07:59
I would take D over A. What is the OA?

The conculsion states that news is primarily entertaining and cannot, therefore, serve its intended function. If it does not serve its intended function, he is assuming that it does not provide information to act. From the question stem it does not look he assumes the other way around.
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19 May 2005, 08:04
"D"
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19 May 2005, 23:16
One more D
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19 May 2005, 23:24
Conclusion : Entertaining --> not intended purpose

which also means : intended purpose --> not entertating and this will be the assumption .

hence, A.

If A --> notb
then B-->notA
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20 May 2005, 01:04
I was stuck between and d.This is how i did it.

Most assumption questions can be put in the form of mathematical equations.

1) Function of news=info to act
2)Entertaining=Not perform function of news

Thus if we cancel the 'function part' of both equations, we will be left with

entertaining=info to act-3

Thus the answer should have something to do with entertainment and info to act.To put it in a more accurate manner- function in equation 1 is a reverse of the function in equation 2(not perform function).

Therefore , the final equation will also be a reversal of 3 which is

entertaining= Not info to act - the same as d.

Best.
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27 May 2005, 13:00
I think it's C because otherwise, one can argue that news can be BOTH informative AND entertaining, thus the conclusion that if it's entertaining then it's not informative would fall apart.

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27 May 2005, 17:19
Principle: News should give info on which to act.
Fact: News now become a product of entertainment.
Conclusion: News does not serve its intended function of giving info on which to act.

Assumption from the fact to the conclusion: If news is entertainment, then news does not give info on which to act. (If B then not A)

D it is.

A) News that serves its intended funciton should not be entertaining.
If A then not B.
Clearly it is different from if B then not A.

B) Most viewers perfer that news be entertaining
Irrelavent.

C) News has only one important function
He doesn't need to make this assumption. Even if news can have two important functions, as long as news can't simultaneously be entertainment and information then his argument stands.

D) News that primarily entertains does not give us information on which to act.
Correct.

E) A news industry that aims to make a profit inevitably presents news as entertainment.
Don't think he talked about profit making. Out of scope.
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27 May 2005, 18:07
D it is
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28 May 2005, 04:32
HongHu wrote:
Principle: News should give info on which to act.
Fact: News now become a product of entertainment.
Conclusion: News does not serve its intended function of giving info on which to act.

Assumption from the fact to the conclusion: If news is entertainment, then news does not give info on which to act. (If B then not A)

D it is.

A) News that serves its intended funciton should not be entertaining.
If A then not B.
Clearly it is different from if B then not A.

B) Most viewers perfer that news be entertaining
Irrelavent.

C) News has only one important function
He doesn't need to make this assumption. Even if news can have two important functions, as long as news can't simultaneously be entertainment and information then his argument stands.

D) News that primarily entertains does not give us information on which to act.
Correct.

E) A news industry that aims to make a profit inevitably presents news as entertainment.
Don't think he talked about profit making. Out of scope.

I vote for A.

D - is an inference, when the author states that "since it is entertaining it cannot serve it's intended purpose" - we can therefore infer that ...it cannot give us information on which to act(which is earlier stated at the purpose)

A- if A were false ,then the statement , "since it is entertaining it canot serve it's intended purpose" would not hold water , (as false A - implies that entertaining news can give us info to act). Hence A is the base assumption.

HMTG.
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28 May 2005, 08:17
IMO A and D both are the restatement of stimulus. So I 'll go for C. Moreover C passes the denial test.
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28 May 2005, 13:02
HongHu wrote:

A) News that serves its intended funciton should not be entertaining.
If A then not B.
Clearly it is different from if B then not A.

Sorry, I think what I said is wrong. If A then not B IS the same as if B then not A. So yes I agree then both A and D should not be right. I'd change to C then.
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28 May 2005, 14:19
HongHu wrote:
HongHu wrote:

A) News that serves its intended funciton should not be entertaining.
If A then not B.
Clearly it is different from if B then not A.

Sorry, I think what I said is wrong. If A then not B IS the same as if B then not A. So yes I agree then both A and D should not be right. I'd change to C then.

Thanks HH....I was about to ask that question....C it is...Only one point would stand here
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28 May 2005, 20:52
I originally picked A, now agree C should be the answer.

A and D just repeat the stimulus.
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29 May 2005, 07:35
Agreeing for C.

D repeats the stimulus.

Applying the denial test. C comes out best.

If news can have more than 1 function, entertaining news can serve the 2nd function, which will also be an intended function.

Thus the conclusion falls apart.

I was originally picking D but after reading I got influened
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30 May 2005, 14:34
A is a repeat of the stimulus.. but I am not sure that D is.. If you negate D, then the argument falls apart. So, I think D is correct.
As for C, even if there are other functions of news, we want to see if it serves the "intended" function. So, I think C is a little out of scope...

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30 May 2005, 22:23
C is not out of scope. We are told that the intended function of news is to give us information to act. However, when the news is entertaining, it no longer serves its intended function. If C is not true, then it means news has many other functions, one of which can be entertainment. So C is the answer.

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