Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 21 Oct 2014, 05:59

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 16 Oct 2003
Posts: 1816
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 0

Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2004, 15:44
7
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (02:30) correct 47% (01:38) wrong based on 537 sessions
4. Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologists’ strategy?

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 13 Nov 2003
Posts: 971
Location: Florida
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 0

Re: CR- Anthropologists studying foragers. [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2004, 19:37
Bhai wrote:
4. Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologists’ strategy?
(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.


D for me.

premise: anthropologists learn abt foragers from modern day foragers.

argument: modern-day foragers are in contact with society, if ANTH. draw conclusions based on their study on modern-day foragers, it, possiblym is tainted.

What if they don't draw any inference/conclusion?
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Affiliations: CFA Level 2
Joined: 05 May 2004
Posts: 267
Location: Hanoi
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [1] , given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2004, 23:35
1
This post received
KUDOS
My ans is A. See, in the stem it said " A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied". So A "a number of important features in common" most weaken the argument.
_________________

"Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you'r gonna get"

2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 01 Feb 2003
Posts: 854
Location: Hyderabad
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 20 [2] , given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2004, 23:54
2
This post received
KUDOS
E after spending 1 min 54s.

Now coming to the analysis:

Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Argument: Anthropologists study modern-day forager societies to learn more abt. our ancestors.
Criticism: (i) Forager societies are extremely varied.
(ii) All the forager societies which anthropologists know about have contact with modern non-forager societies. Therefore, any conclusions made abt. our ancestors are bound to be wrong, as the behaviour of modern day foragers is affected by being in contact with non-foragers.

To weaken the criticism:

A--> states that Foragers throughout history have had features in common
This will for sure weaken (i)

B-->Strengthens (ii), therefore eliminate this option

C--> I don't see the relevance - IMO, this neither strengthens/weakens the criticisms

D--> Do not draw inferences - but the criticism is that the study in itself is useless - I eliminate this option too

E--> Strengthens (i)

Therefore the answer should be A
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
avatar
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4318
Followers: 23

Kudos [?]: 171 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2004, 00:07
A and agree with Bigtooth's explanation. Took me 3 min.
_________________

Best Regards,

Paul

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 01 Feb 2003
Posts: 854
Location: Hyderabad
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2004, 00:19
Paul, if this were the question that we encounter in GMAT, spending 3 min would build a lot of pressure. Do you suggest a strategy to questions of this type?

I spent nearly 2 min and still got it wrong! :((
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 Jun 2004
Posts: 154
Location: san jose,ca
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2004, 01:05
A.
(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.

This clearly weeknes the criticism that the study has flaws.

Spent quite a bit of time,need to work on speeding up.
_________________

GS
No excuses - Need 750!!!

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 May 2004
Posts: 282
Location: Ukraine
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2004, 02:19
A it is. The other choices strengthen the criticism.
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 04 Jul 2004
Posts: 905
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2004, 05:38
Tough one.

Agree with option (A).

Reason same as GoalStanford.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2009
Posts: 486
Location: Bangalore,India
WE 1: 4yrs in IT Industry
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 112 [0], given: 337

Re: CR- Anthropologists studying foragers. [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2010, 05:29
Can some one tell wats the prob with D
_________________

One Final Try.......

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Jan 2010
Posts: 250
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [1] , given: 16

Re: CR- Anthropologists studying foragers. [#permalink] New post 05 Apr 2010, 02:05
1
This post received
KUDOS
I pick A.
Not D because the argument is "the strategy picked by researchers is flawed." The fact that they don't draw inferences based on their studies does not impact the argument at all.
Hope it helps.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2010
Posts: 658
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 83 [0], given: 51

Re: CR- Anthropologists studying foragers. [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2011, 08:57
A is the answer ,

All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.

that is self explanatory.
_________________

What is of supreme importance in war is to attack the enemy's strategy.

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Mar 2009
Posts: 147
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
Schools: UCLA (Anderson) - Class of 2014
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V35
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 51

Re: CR- Anthropologists studying foragers. [#permalink] New post 23 Jul 2012, 22:54
Indien wrote:
Not D because the argument is "the strategy picked by researchers is flawed." The fact that they don't draw inferences based on their studies does not impact the argument at all.
Hope it helps.


D is also wrong because the question stem is concerned with anthropologists who draw inferences about ancestral foragers' societies from studies of current societies. The question stem isn't concerned with those don't.
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Final Countdown
Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 564
Location: India
GPA: 3.82
WE: Account Management (Retail Banking)
Followers: 13

Kudos [?]: 144 [0], given: 75

Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink] New post 24 Jul 2012, 00:16
(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
clearly weakens the argument, which states that "......... that forager societies are extremely varied........"
_________________

" Make more efforts "
Press Kudos if you liked my post

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 22 Oct 2012
Posts: 25
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 25

Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink] New post 22 May 2013, 06:37
(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.

Defeats the arg. that thr is a flaw in the study done by the anthro.

(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.

Then the anthro.'s efforts are of no use....no information could be obtained from Foragers as they no longer exist...Strengthens the flaw

(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.

Defn of anthro......thank you!....no use

(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.

Again...the results from the Anthro. are then doubtful...and no link could be est. between the past and the present if the inferences are corrupt..........strengthens.

(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies

Strngthns...sort of.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Mar 2012
Posts: 54
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Nonprofit
GMAT Date: 09-13-2013
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 59

Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2013, 20:58
Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

We have to find the paraphrase which will weaken the criticism "A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied
means somehow prove that forager societies are not varied extremely and have something in common.
clearly Option "A" is doing this!!
_________________

Remember that potential unused turns into pain. So dedicate yourself to expressing your best.

SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1728
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V39
WE: Corporate Finance (Investment Banking)
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 189 [0], given: 293

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2013, 04:42
Bhai wrote:
4. Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologists’ strategy?

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.


You know what is the toughest thing about this questions? To properly find the conclusion.
The conclusion is that a flaw in this strategy is that they are extremely varied.

We want to weaken the criticism which is in fact the conclusion so we should keep focused here.
Naturally, A does a great job and straightly attacks the conclusion by saying the opposite. Tears it apart totally

So yeah, A is the right one
Cheers
J :)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 21 Feb 2014
Posts: 8
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 530 Q35 V27
GPA: 3.24
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink] New post 28 Mar 2014, 22:10
Hi,

I have read the explanations in the OG as well as on the forums regarding why answer choice D is incorrect, however am still having a hard time wrapping my head around it.

On one hand I see answer choice D "many anthropologists who study modern-day foragers societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies" as since they do not draw inferences then there is no flaw is in this strategy of studying modern-day societies to learn about ancient foragers. Hence it weakens the criticism that there is a flaw.

On another hand, as per OG explanation, if the anthropologists do not draw inferences because the comparison is not useful, then it could also support the criticism that there is a flaw.

I seem to be going in circles and would like to kindly check if anyone can help me understand what is wrong with answer choice D, and why it is not better than A.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 30 May 2013
Posts: 193
Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GPA: 3.82
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 72

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink] New post 18 Apr 2014, 07:23
Bhai wrote:
4. Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern nonforager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologists’ strategy?

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.



Somebody plz help me. Am i correct?

Conclusion : flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied

I narrow down to A and E. Then selected E :(

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies. - Possible weakner
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life. - Strengthener
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society. - Irrelevant
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies. - This has nothing to do with the Conclusion to say flaw in startegy
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies. - Strengthener - Says the modern and anxient societies dont have similar things and they are varied . restating the conclusion
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 20 Jan 2014
Posts: 143
Location: India
GMAT Date: 10-13-2014
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 119

GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2014, 03:17
Understanding the meaning is the Key here. I chose wrong in 1st attempt. :(
Indeed A is correct choice.

Number of important features in common against highly varied societies.
_________________

Consider +1 Kudos Please :)

Re: Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers   [#permalink] 24 Sep 2014, 03:17
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
4 Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the goodyear2013 3 27 Mar 2014, 10:18
2 Experts publish their posts in the topic Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers shlbatra 3 31 Jul 2013, 09:40
49 Experts publish their posts in the topic Some anthropologists believe that the genetic homogeneity macjas 32 22 Jun 2012, 01:28
1 48-Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of perfectstranger 6 18 Jul 2008, 00:30
Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers rkatl 13 29 Jul 2006, 19:23
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.