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Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in

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Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2008, 01:54
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661. Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city’s building code.
(A) Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
(B) Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
(C) Some buildings that the earthquake destroyed and heavily damaged last year have been
(D) Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been
(E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been
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Re: SC. Buildings [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2008, 02:21
sondenso wrote:
661. Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city’s building code.
(A) Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
(B) Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
(C) Some buildings that the earthquake destroyed and heavily damaged last year have been
(D) Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been
(E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been


first a building cannot be destroyed and heavily damaged by earthquake at the same time so destroyed and heavily damaged is out (A,C)

had is correct past usage than have D out

B is better than E

So B
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Re: SC. Buildings [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2008, 02:28
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1. Buildings had been constructed before they were destroyed or heavily damaged. - we need Past Perfect
2. were destroyed or heavily damaged - 'and' is incorrect here, because a building cannot be destroyed of damaged simultaneously.
3. 'Some of the buildings that were .....' changes the meaning of 'Some buildings'.
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Re: SC. Buildings [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2008, 03:50
yeah, B and E are so difficult for me! Thanks!
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Re: SC. Buildings [#permalink]

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sondenso wrote:
661. Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city’s building code.
(A) Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
(B) Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
(C) Some buildings that the earthquake destroyed and heavily damaged last year have been
(D) Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been
(E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been


A,C out --> bulildings can't be destroyed and heavily damaged at the same time. It can be either destroyed or heavily damaged.
D out because - "have been" should be "had been"

E - some of the buildings that were destroyed = some of " the buildings that were destroyed" (Changes the original meaning )
see below for more info
(e.g assume that Hundred BUILDINGS were DESTROYED. rewrite the sentences B and E
B looks like ---> Hundred buildings that were destroyed
E looks like ---> Hundred of the buildings that were destroyed(that means there may be 200 destroyed but this sentence talks about 100 out 200 that were destroyed)

So B is better choice.
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Re: SC. Buildings [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2008, 09:59
B for same reason
some buildings...had been
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Re: SC. Buildings [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2008, 16:59
B for me.
"had been" past perfect tense provides the sequence of the two events - the construction and destruction.
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Re: SC. Buildings [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2008, 18:16
x2suresh wrote:
sondenso wrote:
661. Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city’s building code.
(A) Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
(B) Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
(C) Some buildings that the earthquake destroyed and heavily damaged last year have been
(D) Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been
(E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been


A,C out --> bulildings can't be destroyed and heavily damaged at the same time. It can be either destroyed or heavily damaged.
D out because - "have been" should be "had been"

E - some of the buildings that were destroyed = some of " the buildings that were destroyed" (Changes the original meaning )
see below for more info
(e.g assume that Hundred BUILDINGS were DESTROYED. rewrite the sentences B and E
B looks like ---> Hundred buildings that were destroyed
E looks like ---> Hundred of the buildings that were destroyed(that means there may be 200 destroyed but this sentence talks about 100 out 200 that were destroyed)

So B is better choice.


Oh, x2suresh, your reasoning really monster! :lol: . It is better than OG's. Thanks!
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Re: SC. Buildings [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2008, 19:45
sondenso wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
sondenso wrote:
661. Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city’s building code.
(A) Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
(B) Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
(C) Some buildings that the earthquake destroyed and heavily damaged last year have been
(D) Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been
(E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been


A,C out --> bulildings can't be destroyed and heavily damaged at the same time. It can be either destroyed or heavily damaged.
D out because - "have been" should be "had been"

E - some of the buildings that were destroyed = some of " the buildings that were destroyed" (Changes the original meaning )
see below for more info
(e.g assume that Hundred BUILDINGS were DESTROYED. rewrite the sentences B and E
B looks like ---> Hundred buildings that were destroyed
E looks like ---> Hundred of the buildings that were destroyed(that means there may be 200 destroyed but this sentence talks about 100 out 200 that were destroyed)

So B is better choice.


Oh, x2suresh, your reasoning really monster! :lol: . It is better than OG's. Thanks!


2nd-ing Sondenso's comment about Suresh's reasoning skills. You Da Man! when it comes to CR!
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Re: SC. Buildings [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2008, 20:48
mmshaban wrote:
so y "had been" ??


because buildings had been constructed before they were destroyed by earth quake.[ passive voice]

The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2014, 15:49
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2014, 19:33
Chose B.
In A,two simple past have been used.Ideal usage is first simple past,'were',then past perfect,'had been'.
In C and D,present perfect is used incorrectly.
E changes the meaning.It seems to imply that a subset of buildings that were destroyed had been developed illegally;whereas the original sentence implies 'some buildings that were destroyed' had been developed illegally.

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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2015, 11:45
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2015, 04:34
(A) Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
(B) Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
(C) Some buildings that the earthquake destroyed and heavily damaged last year have been
(D) Last year the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged some buildings that have been
(E) Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been

Buildings was constructed before earthquake so have and were for buildings are incorrect options
Rule out A , C, E

B and E both seems to be correct , but E starting with time (preferable in GMAT rules)

IMO - E
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2015, 09:46
The final split is between B and E, no doubt. But B is better because of proper modification by the modifier “last year”. In B, the modifier phrase correctly modifies the earthquake, since it was the earthquake that occurred last year. In E, the phrase rather modifies some of the buildings giving a twist to the intended meaning as if the destroyed or damaged buildings were constructed last year.
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2015, 21:24
baaniNitin wrote:
B and E both seems to be correct , but E starting with time (preferable in GMAT rules)

IMO - E

I feel that E has a meaning problem. E says that "Last year some of the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake had been constructed in violation of the city’s building code".

Because "that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earth quake" is just a modifier, E is saying: "Last year some of the buildings (modifier) had been constructed in violation of the city’s building code".

So, E is saying that the buildings had been constructed last year. However, this is incorrect meaning because buildings were actually "destroyed" (and not "constructed") last year.
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2015, 01:13
Can someone please explain my above doubt about meaning change.

Although I understand it is an official question and so, it is definitely correct.
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2015, 01:58
gmatgrl;

You are on the dot. E has certainly a meaning change due to the wrong placement of the phrase 'last year'. The OA is B
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Re: Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in   [#permalink] 30 Nov 2015, 01:58
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