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Some historians contend that conditions in the United

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Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2012, 07:21
I need to understand why is A not the right answer is it not talking about perspectives
The passage mentions viewpoints so why is A wrong

then in that case how do we really read the primary puporse


Some historians contend that conditions in the
United States during the Second World War gave rise
to a dynamic wartime alliance between trade unions
and the African American community, an alliance that
advanced the cause of civil rights. They conclude that
the postwar demise of this vital alliance constituted a
lost opportunity for the civil rights movement that
followed the war. Other scholars, however, have
portrayed organized labor as defending all along the
relatively privileged position of White workers relative
to African American workers. Clearly, these two
perspectives are not easily reconcilable, but the
historical reality is not reducible to one or the other.
Unions faced a choice between either maintaining the
prewar status quo or promoting a more inclusive
approach that sought for all members the right to
participate in the internal affairs of unions, access to
skilled and high-paying positions within the
occupational hierarchy, and protection against
management's arbitrary authority in the workplace.
While union representatives often voiced this inclusive
ideal, in practice unions far more often favored
entrenched interests. The accelerating development
of the civil rights movement following the Second
World War exacerbated the unions' dilemma, forcing
trade unionists to confront contradictions in their own
practices.

The passage is primarily concerned with
(A) providing a context within which to evaluate
opposing viewpoints about a historical
phenomenon
(B) identifying a flawed assumption underlying one
interpretation of a historical phenomenon
(C) assessing the merits and weaknesses of a
controversial theory about a historical
phenomenon
(D) discussing the historical importance of the
development of a wartime alliance
(E) evaluating evidence used to support a particular
interpretation of a historical phenomenon
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Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2012, 08:28
1. Which of the following best summarizes a point of view attributed to the historians mentioned in the highlighted text? ('Some historians, line 1')
(A)Trade unions were weakened during the Second World War by their failure to establish a productive relationship with the African American community.
(B)Trade unions and the African American community forged a lasting relationship after the Second World War based on their wartime alliance.
(C) The cause of civil rights was not significantly affected by the wartime alliance between trade unions and the African American community.
(D) The civil rights movement that followed the Second World War forced trade unions to confront contradictions in their practices.
(E) The civil rights movement would have benefited from a postwar continuation of the wartime alliance between trade unions and the African American community.


For this question how come the ans is c when it is clearly mentioned in the passage that the wartime alliance advanced the cause of civil rights ?
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Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2012, 23:40
IMO
1.C
2.E
3.A

Please post the OA.
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Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2013, 21:42
According to the passage, the historians mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and the scholars mentioned in the second highlighted portion disagree about the

The historians and scholars disagree about the contribution made by unions to civil rights movement.

(A) contributions to war effort... Is not the issue...

(B) most important to both... We don't know...

(C) unions formed alliance with afr. Americans while scholars believed this as not the case...

(D) effect of war on workplace ... Not mentioned...

(E) post war is not what they disagree about but during war conditions...

Answer: C
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Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2013, 21:56
venmic wrote:
I need to understand why is A not the right answer is it not talking about perspectives
The passage mentions viewpoints so why is A wrong

then in that case how do we really read the primary puporse


Some historians contend that conditions in the
United States during the Second World War gave rise
to a dynamic wartime alliance between trade unions
and the African American community, an alliance that
advanced the cause of civil rights. They conclude that
the postwar demise of this vital alliance constituted a
lost opportunity for the civil rights movement that
followed the war. Other scholars, however, have
portrayed organized labor as defending all along the
relatively privileged position of White workers relative
to African American workers. Clearly, these two
perspectives are not easily reconcilable, but the
historical reality is not reducible to one or the other.
Unions faced a choice between either maintaining the
prewar status quo or promoting a more inclusive
approach that sought for all members the right to
participate in the internal affairs of unions, access to
skilled and high-paying positions within the
occupational hierarchy, and protection against
management's arbitrary authority in the workplace.
While union representatives often voiced this inclusive
ideal, in practice unions far more often favored
entrenched interests. The accelerating development
of the civil rights movement following the Second
World War exacerbated the unions' dilemma, forcing
trade unionists to confront contradictions in their own
practices.

The passage is primarily concerned with
(A) providing a context within which to evaluate
opposing viewpoints about a historical
phenomenon
(B) identifying a flawed assumption underlying one
interpretation of a historical phenomenon
(C) assessing the merits and weaknesses of a
controversial theory about a historical
phenomenon
(D) discussing the historical importance of the
development of a wartime alliance
(E) evaluating evidence used to support a particular
interpretation of a historical phenomenon


The author stated two opposing views by historians and scholars. He mentioned that it is not the first nor is the second view correct. Then he presented a his view. The author is more on identifying the flaw rather than evaluating the two views. This makes A wrong.

C is wrong because he gave no merit to the two views in the first paragraph.

D is wrong because this is not about the importance of war alliance.

E. there are no evidence for the two opposing views. The author presented his argument instead.

Answer to me is B. what's the OA? I think it's b because the assumption is that the historians or the scholar is right, at least one of them or their views are reconcilable which according the the author is not the case.
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Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2013, 11:41
venmic wrote:
The passage is primarily concerned with
(A) providing a context within which to evaluate
opposing viewpoints about a historical
phenomenon
(B) identifying a flawed assumption underlying one
interpretation of a historical phenomenon
(C) assessing the merits and weaknesses of a
controversial theory about a historical
phenomenon
(D) discussing the historical importance of the
development of a wartime alliance
(E) evaluating evidence used to support a particular
interpretation of a historical phenomenon



The OA is A. Sorry, I do not have the OE.
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Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2014, 07:27
the answer is A not C as in first para the context has been provided ,the context defines two views and in 2nd para the opposite view is evaluated.
Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2014, 07:27
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