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Some historians contend that conditions in the United

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Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2007, 20:12
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Some historians contend that conditions in the United States during the Second World War gave rise to a Line dynamic wartime alliance between trade unions and the African American community, an alliance that advanced the cause of civil rights. They conclude that the postwar demise of this vital alliance constituted a lost opportunity for the civil rights movement that followed the war. Other scholars, however, have portrayed organized labor as defending all along the relatively privileged position of White workers relative to African American workers. Clearly, these two perspectives are not easily reconcilable, but the historical reality is not reducible to one or the other.

Unions faced a choice between either maintaining the prewar status quo or promoting a more inclusive approach that sought for all members the right to participate in the internal affairs of unions, access to skilled and high-paying positions within the occupational hierarchy, and protection against management's arbitrary authority in the workplace. While
union representatives often voiced this inclusive ideal, in practice unions far more often favored entrenched interests. The accelerating development of the civil rights movement
following the Second World War exacerbated the union's dilemma, forcing trade unionists to confront contradictions in their own practices.
According to the passage, the historians mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and the scholars mentioned in the second highlighted portion disagree about the
(A) contribution made by organized labor to the war effort during the Second World War
(B) issues that union members considered most important during the second World war.
(C) relationship between unions and African Americans during the Second World War.
(D) effect of the Second World War on the influence of unions in the workplace
(E) extent to which African Americans benefited from social and political changes following the Second World War.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


Last edited by eyunni on 07 Dec 2007, 05:54, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2007, 20:30
C.

The first passage talks about some historians that say the labor unions and African Americans formed an alliance during WWII.

The second passage says that labor unions talked about equality, but in actuality favored the old practices (ie not hiring african americans for high paying jobs).
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 [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2007, 20:47
E sounds good as well though. The first position tells us that the link between unions and African Americans gave birth to a better position for them. The second position states that unions, actually, did not provide advantages to them.
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 [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2007, 20:59
The first passage can be interpreted as "there was a union during the war, but it fell apart immediately after" while the second passage is saying there never was a union, before or after the war. They're both agreeing that there was no union and no advancement after WWII.

I see what you're saying and it does look like a viable option, but I'm sticking with C on this one.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2007, 05:55
I forgot to highlight the relevant parts for this question. I was only used to highlighting SC. This one is special. :-D
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2007, 06:11
eyunni wrote:
I forgot to highlight the relevant parts for this question. I was only used to highlighting SC. This one is special. :-D


aaah. I was wondering whether something was missing. I'm still sticking with C however.

A. passage doesn't talk about any contribution to the war effort at all.
B. it's not talking about issues the members consider important, just the relationship between African Americans and the unions.
C. the historians say there was a relationship during the war, the scholars say there never was. this is the disagreement
D. doesn't say anything about the influence of unions in the workplace
E. while the disagree about any relationship during the war, both historians and scholars seem to agree that African Americans were no better off following the war
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2007, 07:39
Hi,
I think that the ans is E.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2007, 06:04
My answer is E, too.

What is the right answer, then? Eyunny, please.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2007, 07:04
Sorry for the delay. C is the OA.
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Re: RC: Historians (only 1 question) [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2008, 17:37
eyunni wrote:
Some historians contend that conditions
in the United States during the
Second World War gave rise to a
Line dynamic wartime alliance between
(5) trade unions and the African American
community, an alliance that advanced
the cause of civil rights. They conclude
that the postwar demise of this
vital alliance constituted a lost oppor-
(10) tunity for the civil rights movement that
followed the war. Other scholars,
however, have portrayed organized
labor as defending all along the relatively
privileged position of White
(15) workers relative to African American
workers. Clearly, these two perspectives
are not easily reconcilable, but
the historical reality is not reducible
to one or the other.

(20) Unions faced a choice between
either maintaining the prewar status
quo or promoting a more inclusive
approach that sought for all members
the right to participate in the internal
(25) affairs of unions, access to skilled
and high-paying positions within the
occupational hierarchy, and protection
against management’s arbitrary
authority in the workplace. While
(30) union representatives often voiced
this inclusive ideal, in practice unions
far more often favored entrenched
interests. The accelerating development
of the civil rights movement
(35) following the Second World War
exacerbated the unions’ dilemma,
forcing trade unionists to confront
contradictions in their own practices.




The "unions' dilemma" (underlined 2nd para) mentioned in the text can best be described as the question of whether or not to

A). pressure management to create more skilled and high-paying positions
B). fight for greater union participation in management decisions
C). include minority workers in their membership
D). extend full rights and benefits to all their members
E). emphasize the recruitment of new members over the serving needs of the current members

Can someone explain which is the correct answer and why the rest are wrong? Thanks!
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Re: RC: Historians (only 1 question) [#permalink] New post 21 Apr 2011, 10:37
I think it is D on the basis of the following quote

Quote:
either maintaining the prewar status
quo or promoting a more inclusive
approach that sought for all members
the right to
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Re: RC: Historians (only 1 question) [#permalink] New post 21 Apr 2011, 10:39
2 more questions for this text


1. Which of the following best summarizes a point of view attributed to the historians mentioned in the highlighted text? ('Some historians, line 1')
(A)Trade unions were weakened during the Second World War by their failure to establish a productive relationship with the African American community.
(B)Trade unions and the African American community forged a lasting relationship after the Second World War based on their wartime alliance.
(C) The cause of civil rights was not significantly affected by the wartime alliance between trade unions and the African American community.
(D) The civil rights movement that followed the Second World War forced trade unions to confront contradictions in their practices.
(E) The civil rights movement would have benefited from a postwar continuation of the wartime alliance between trade unions and the African American community.


2. The passage is primarily concerned with
(A)providing a context within which to evaluate opposing viewpoints about a historical phenomenon
(B)identifying a flawed assumption underlying one interpretation of a historical phenomenon
(C) assessing the merits and weaknesses of a controversial theory about a historical phenomenon
(D) discussing the historical importance of the development of a wartime alliance
(E) evaluating evidence used to support a particular interpretation of a historical phenomenon

OA is not given, but my opinion that is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E, A
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Re: RC: Historians (only 1 question) [#permalink] New post 30 Aug 2011, 23:00
A horrible RC. :(
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Re: RC: Historians (only 1 question) [#permalink] New post 12 Oct 2011, 20:50
Can someone tell me why E is wrong?
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Re: RC: Historians (only 1 question) [#permalink] New post 16 Oct 2011, 02:57
I pick C,D,E and A for the questions posted. Hope we get the OA for these.
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Re: RC: Historians (only 1 question) [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2011, 01:14
singalong wrote:
Can someone tell me why E is wrong?


I assume you are talking about the original question and not the other questions posted by different members later....

Historians: there was an alliance between unions and african-americans, but it didnt last after the war. had it lasted it would have helped the civil war consideraby.
Scholars: There never was a true alliance between unions & african-americans; the unions always promoted the rise of their white members over their coloured counterparst.

E is wrong because the scholars dont even put forward an opinion about the effects of the supposed alliance on the civil wars that followed later. The debate is between 'alliance' or 'not-a-true-alliance'

hope this makes sense....
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Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2011, 21:43
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To attack a passage, one can use help from using Headline Highlights.

P1: Hist: US condition in WW2 led to alliance (UNION + Af-Am comm.)
Alliance disappeared - bad to civil right movement
Sch: UNION is pro white all along

P2: UNION has 2 choices: stay same or inclusion ideal
UNION rep say inclusion ideal but practices the other
Movement after WWII forced union to straight out dilemma

Disagreement lies on whether UNION helps AF-AM community or the White

Answer choices:
A) contribution to WWII not mentioned
B) most important issues? Not mentioned nor argued upon
D) effect of WWII, the passage is about UNION
E) changes after WWII and its effect on Af-am community... Not disputed...

Is the union helping Af am or not? C is the closest...
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Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 22:48
+1 C
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Re: RC: Historians (only 1 question) [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2012, 19:21
upasanadatta wrote:
singalong wrote:
Can someone tell me why E is wrong?


I assume you are talking about the original question and not the other questions posted by different members later....

Historians: there was an alliance between unions and african-americans, but it didnt last after the war. had it lasted it would have helped the civil war consideraby.
Scholars: There never was a true alliance between unions & african-americans; the unions always promoted the rise of their white members over their coloured counterparst.

E is wrong because the scholars dont even put forward an opinion about the effects of the supposed alliance on the civil wars that followed later. The debate is between 'alliance' or 'not-a-true-alliance'

hope this makes sense....


It does. Thanks!
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Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2012, 19:21
gmativy wrote:
To attack a passage, one can use help from using Headline Highlights.

P1: Hist: US condition in WW2 led to alliance (UNION + Af-Am comm.)
Alliance disappeared - bad to civil right movement
Sch: UNION is pro white all along

P2: UNION has 2 choices: stay same or inclusion ideal
UNION rep say inclusion ideal but practices the other
Movement after WWII forced union to straight out dilemma

Disagreement lies on whether UNION helps AF-AM community or the White

Answer choices:
A) contribution to WWII not mentioned
B) most important issues? Not mentioned nor argued upon
D) effect of WWII, the passage is about UNION
E) changes after WWII and its effect on Af-am community... Not disputed...

Is the union helping Af am or not? C is the closest...

Very cool:)
Re: Some historians contend that conditions in the United   [#permalink] 14 Jan 2012, 19:21
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