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Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture as a

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Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture as a [#permalink] New post 08 Jan 2010, 17:29
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A
B
C
D
E

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(N/A)

Question Stats:

67% (02:09) correct 33% (00:00) wrong based on 3 sessions
Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture as a remedy for the common cold. The mixture contains, among other things, extracts of plants purple coneflower and goldenseal. A cold sufferer, skeptial of the claim that the mixture is an effective cold remedy, argued, " Suppose that the mixture were an effective cold remedy. Since most people with colds with to recover quickly, it follows that almost everybody with a cold would be using it. Therefore, since there are many people who have colds but do not use the mixture, it is obviously not effective."

Which one of the following most accurately describes the method of reasoning the cold sufferer uses to reach the conclusion of the argument?

A) finding a claim to be false on the grounds that it would if true have consequences that are false
B)accepting a claim on the basis of public opninon of the claim
c) showing that conditions necessary to establish the truth of a claim are met
d) basing a generalization on a representative group of instances
e) showing that a measure claimed to be effective in acheiving a certain effect would actually make acheiving the effect more difficult
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Re: Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture [#permalink] New post 09 Jan 2010, 15:55
I will go with A , though E also looks ok to me

A) finding a claim to be false on the grounds that it would if true have consequences that are false
B)accepting a claim on the basis of public opninon of the claim - no public opinion
c) showing that conditions necessary to establish the truth of a claim are met - no mention of this
d) basing a generalization on a representative group of instances
e) showing that a measure claimed to be effective in acheiving a certain effect would actually make acheiving the effect more difficult
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Re: Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture [#permalink] New post 11 Jan 2010, 10:18
IMO E
OA plz!!
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Re: Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture [#permalink] New post 11 Jan 2010, 12:59
poe.... e fr me
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Re: Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture [#permalink] New post 11 Jan 2010, 14:07
I go with D.
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Re: Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture [#permalink] New post 12 Jan 2010, 23:36
OA is A, can someone explain what this answer even means? Thanks
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Re: Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture [#permalink] New post 13 Jan 2010, 10:28
finding a claim to be false on the grounds that it would if true have consequences that are false

the cold sufferer finds the claim that the medication is effective to be false.
what's his reasoning ?
he says... if the cold medication is effective, then everyone will be using it.
i.e if the claim is true, the consequence is that everyone will be using it.

but everyone doesn't use it.
i.e the consequences is false.

so the cold sufferer says, if everyone doesn't use it, the claim that the medication is effective must be false.
i.e if the consequences are false, the claim is false.

better put
if the cold medication is effective, then everyone will be using it; since everyone doesn't use it, the cold medication must be ineffective.

or if the claim is true, then it must have such and such condequences. if those consequences aren't there, the claim must be false.
this is statement A.

hope that helps.
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Re: Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture [#permalink] New post 13 Jan 2010, 15:18
The reasoning is similar to A so I will go with A
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Re: Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture [#permalink] New post 07 May 2011, 06:30
finding a claim to be false on the grounds that it would if true have consequences that are false.

what are the consequences according to the cold sufferer ? the consequences are ' it follows that almost everybody with a cold would be using it' of the claim 'Suppose that the mixture were an effective cold remedy'.

so, since everybody is not using it (i.e. the consequences are false) , the claim that the herbal mixture is effective is false.

answer is A
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Re: Some people have been promoting a new herbal mixture   [#permalink] 07 May 2011, 06:30
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