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Some philosophers of science claim that no serious

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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2006, 07:49
ps_dahiya wrote:
:saw :saw :saw :saw :saw :saw

I can't understand what A is trying to say???? But I rejected others using POE.

I go with A. Will explain, if correct.


Yup A.... Did it the ps_dahiya way.... eliminating others.... :lol: :lol:
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Some philosophers of science claim that no serious [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2008, 20:09
Some philosophers of science claim that no serious scientific theory can be tested experimentally without taking for granted some other body of scientific beliefs, for we cannot interpret any experimental results without relying on such beliefs. If this is true, then which of the following conclusions seems most likely?

A) Any particular scientific theory can be consistently retained, even in the face of apparently incompatible evidence, if we are willing to give up certain other scientific beliefs.

B) Experimental evidence is really irrelevant to scientific theorizing.

C) Experimental evidence is more relevant to the testing of scientific theories than to their initial formulation.

D) Experimental evidence is more relevant to the initial formulation of scientific theories than to their testing.

E) The best scientific theories are those which are formulated in such a way as to be subject to conclusive experimental refutation.
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Re: CR scientific theory [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2008, 22:17
durgesh79 wrote:
Some philosophers of science claim that no serious scientific theory can be tested experimentally without taking for granted some other body of scientific beliefs, for we cannot interpret any experimental results without relying on such beliefs. If this is true, then which of the following conclusions seems most likely?

A) Any particular scientific theory can be consistently retained, even in the face of apparently incompatible evidence, if we are willing to give up certain other scientific beliefs.

B) Experimental evidence is really irrelevant to scientific theorizing.

C) Experimental evidence is more relevant to the testing of scientific theories than to their initial formulation.

D) Experimental evidence is more relevant to the initial formulation of scientific theories than to their testing.

E) The best scientific theories are those which are formulated in such a way as to be subject to conclusive experimental refutation.


I went for D.
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Re: CR scientific theory [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2008, 22:41
durgesh79 wrote:
Some philosophers of science claim that no serious scientific theory can be tested experimentally without taking for granted some other body of scientific beliefs, for we cannot interpret any experimental results without relying on such beliefs. If this is true, then which of the following conclusions seems most likely?

A) Any particular scientific theory can be consistently retained, even in the face of apparently incompatible evidence, if we are willing to give up certain other scientific beliefs.

B) Experimental evidence is really irrelevant to scientific theorizing.

C) Experimental evidence is more relevant to the testing of scientific theories than to their initial formulation.

D) Experimental evidence is more relevant to the initial formulation of scientific theories than to their testing.

E) The best scientific theories are those which are formulated in such a way as to be subject to conclusive experimental refutation.


Author is trying to prove: Relying on beliefs, scientist can test experimentally any theories. Without beliefs, there is no theory can be tested experimentally.

B,C,D are comparing experimental evidence, IRRELEVANT.
E say: The best theories: We dont care which theory is the best.

A says: We can retain a theory even there is evidence encountering it if we has belief (eliminate other beliefs).

A is best.
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Re: CR scientific theory [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2008, 12:53
Got A by POE.

ARgument says theories cannot be tested without assuming certain beliefs.
(outside knowlegde: theorems cannot be proved without axioms)

We cannot conclude B,C,D,E from the above information
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Some philosophers of science claim that no serious [#permalink] New post 07 May 2011, 10:11
Some philosophers of science claim that no serious scientific theory can be tested experimentally without taking for granted some other body of scientific beliefs for we can not interpret any experimental results without replying on such beliefs.

If this is true, then which of the following conclusions seems most likely?

A. Any particular scientific theory can be consistently retained, even in the face of apparently incompatible evidence, if we are willing to give up certain other scientific beliefs.
B. Experimental evidence is really irrelevant to scientific theorizing.
C. Experimental evidence is more relevant to the testing of scientific theories than to their initial formulations.
D. Experimental evidence is more relevant to the initial formulations of scientific theories than to their testing.
E. The best scientific theories are those which are formulated in such a way as to be subject to conclusive experimental refutation.

Please provide explanation for your answer choice. I will upload OA soon. Thank you!
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Re: Inference [#permalink] New post 07 May 2011, 10:36
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skbjunior wrote:
Some philosophers of science claim that no serious scientific theory can be tested experimentally without taking for granted some other body of scientific beliefs for we can not interpret any experimental results without replying on such beliefs.

If this is true, then which of the following conclusions seems most likely?

A. Any particular scientific theory can be consistently retained, even in the face of apparently incompatible evidence, if we are willing to give up certain other scientific beliefs.
B. Experimental evidence is really irrelevant to scientific theorizing.
C. Experimental evidence is more relevant to the testing of scientific theories than to their initial formulations.
D. Experimental evidence is more relevant to the initial formulations of scientific theories than to their testing.
E. The best scientific theories are those which are formulated in such a way as to be subject to conclusive experimental refutation.

Please provide explanation for your answer choice. I will upload OA soon. Thank you!



According to me its A

author is saying that in order to prove some serious scientific theory one has to ignore or take granted the other body of scientific belief.

B,C,D tells us only about the experiment and thus irrelevant.
E tells us about the best theories thus irrelevant.

A says: a theory, which does not have enough evidences, can be retained, only if we give up some other beliefs.... thats exactly what stimulus tells us

Hence A is the answer
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Re: Inference [#permalink] New post 11 May 2011, 00:36
Choice is between A and E.

Best theories are not being discussed here.A is a clear winner.
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Re: Inference [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2011, 17:33
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Re: Some philosophers of science claim that no serious [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2013, 08:02
Some philosophers of science claim that no serious scientific theory can be tested experimentally without taking for granted some other body of scientific beliefs for we can not interpret any experimental results without replying on such beliefs.

If this is true, then which of the following conclusions seems most likely?

A. Any particular scientific theory can be consistently retained, even in the face of apparently incompatible evidence, if we are willing to give up certain other scientific beliefs.
I don't consider this as a conclusion.There is nowhere mentioned that the evidence is incompatible.Moreover,in green it is clearly written that we cannot interpret results but we take it for granted ,but nowhere it is written incompatible.Furthermore, Basis is not being given up it is just taken for granted.
B. Experimental evidence is really irrelevant to scientific theorizing.
C. Experimental evidence is more relevant to the testing of scientific theories than to their initial formulations.
D. Experimental evidence is more relevant to the initial formulations of scientific theories than to their testing.
E. The best scientific theories are those which are formulated in such a way as to be subject to conclusive experimental refutation.


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Re: Some philosophers of science claim that no serious [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2013, 19:17
Some philosophers of science claim that no serious scientific theory can be tested experimentally without taking for granted some other body of scientific beliefs for we can not interpret any experimental results without replying on such beliefs.

If this is true, then which of the following conclusions seems most likely?

A. Any particular scientific theory can be consistently retained, even in the face of apparently incompatible evidence, if we are willing to give up certain other scientific beliefs.
B. Experimental evidence is really irrelevant to scientific theorizing.
C. Experimental evidence is more relevant to the testing of scientific theories than to their initial formulations.
D. Experimental evidence is more relevant to the initial formulations of scientific theories than to their testing.
E. The best scientific theories are those which are formulated in such a way as to be subject to conclusive experimental refutation.

Why is C wrong?
It states in the premise that no serious scientific theory can be experimented if one does not take certain (initial )beliefs to be granted?
Where as in choice A the statement 'even in the face of apparently incompatible evidence' means that the initial beliefs are tested and we do know the incompatible evidence when testing a scientific theory.
Req someone to explain.

Last edited by Narenn on 04 Jul 2013, 23:05, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Some philosophers of science claim that no serious   [#permalink] 04 Jul 2013, 19:17
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