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Some plants have extremely sensitive biological

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Some plants have extremely sensitive biological [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2008, 06:10
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Some plants have extremely sensitive biological thermometers. For example, the leaves of rhododendrons curl when the temperature of the air around them is below 0℃(Celsius). Similarly, mature crocus blossoms open in temperatures above 2℃. So someone who simultaneously observed rhododendrons with uncurled leaves, crocuses with mature but unopened blossoms, and a thermometer showing 1℃ could determine that the thermometer’s reading was accurate to within plus or minus 1℃.
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the reasoning above?
(A) Neither rhododendrons nor crocuses bloom for more than a few weeks each year, and the blossoms of rhododendrons growing in any area do not appear until at least several weeks after crocuses growing in that area have ceased to bloom.
(B) Many people find it unpleasant to be outdoors for long periods when the temperature is at or about 1℃.
(C) The climate and soil conditions that favor the growth of rhododendrons are also favorable to the growth of crocuses.
(D) Air temperature surrounding rhododendrons, which can grow 12 feet tall, is likely to differ from air temperature surrounding crocuses, which are normally only a few inches high, by more than 1℃, even if the two plants are growing side by side.
(E) Certain types of thermometers that are commonly used to measure outdoor temperatures can be extremely accurate in moderate temperature ranges but much less accurate in warmer or colder temperature range.
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Re: CR - sensitive biological thermometers [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2008, 06:45
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D

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the reasoning above?

(A) Neither rhododendrons nor crocuses bloom for more than a few weeks each year, and the blossoms of rhododendrons growing in any area do not appear until at least several weeks after crocuses growing in that area have ceased to bloom. - the passage about leaves of rhododendrons

(B) Many people find it unpleasant to be outdoors for long periods when the temperature is at or about 1℃. - irrelevant

(C) The climate and soil conditions that favor the growth of rhododendrons are also favorable to the growth of crocuses. - irrelevant

(D) Air temperature surrounding rhododendrons, which can grow 12 feet tall, is likely to differ from air temperature surrounding crocuses, which are normally only a few inches high, by more than 1℃, even if the two plants are growing side by side.- the best.

(E) Certain types of thermometers that are commonly used to measure outdoor temperatures can be extremely accurate in moderate temperature ranges but much less accurate in warmer or colder temperature range. - out of scope
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Re: CR - sensitive biological thermometers [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2008, 07:35
walker wrote:
D

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the reasoning above?

(A) Neither rhododendrons nor crocuses bloom for more than a few weeks each year, and the blossoms of rhododendrons growing in any area do not appear until at least several weeks after crocuses growing in that area have ceased to bloom. - the passage about leaves of rhododendrons

(B) Many people find it unpleasant to be outdoors for long periods when the temperature is at or about 1℃. - irrelevant

(C) The climate and soil conditions that favor the growth of rhododendrons are also favorable to the growth of crocuses. - irrelevant

(D) Air temperature surrounding rhododendrons, which can grow 12 feet tall, is likely to differ from air temperature surrounding crocuses, which are normally only a few inches high, by more than 1℃, even if the two plants are growing side by side.- the best.

(E) Certain types of thermometers that are commonly used to measure outdoor temperatures can be extremely accurate in moderate temperature ranges but much less accurate in warmer or colder temperature range. - out of scope


I agree it's D.

The conclusion of the passage tell us the temperature must be between 0 and 2 celcius. To weaken we must add new information to eplain the premises while showing that the temperature is different.
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Re: CR - sensitive biological thermometers [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2008, 11:31
Should be D
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Re: CR - sensitive biological thermometers [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2008, 23:36
Conclusion: So someone who simultaneously observed rhododendrons with uncurled leaves, crocuses with mature but unopened blossoms, and a thermometer showing 1℃ could determine that the thermometer’s reading was accurate to within plus or minus 1℃.

The weaken answer choice must disapprove or show data that negates the thermometer’s reading.


(A) Neither rhododendrons nor crocuses bloom for more than a few weeks each year, and the blossoms of rhododendrons growing in any area do not appear until at least several weeks after crocuses growing in that area have ceased to bloom. [The blooming season is not discussed in the argument – eliminate it]

(B) Many people find it unpleasant to be outdoors for long periods when the temperature is at or about 1℃. [What pleases people is out of scope of the argument – eliminate it]

(C) The climate and soil conditions that favor the growth of rhododendrons are also favorable to the growth of crocuses. [What favors each tree is out of scope – eliminate it]

(D) Air temperature surrounding rhododendrons, which can grow 12 feet tall, is likely to differ from air temperature surrounding crocuses, which are normally only a few inches high, by more than 1℃, even if the two plants are growing side by side. [This undermines the conclusion - Hold it]

(E) Certain types of thermometers that are commonly used to measure outdoor temperatures can be extremely accurate in moderate temperature ranges but much less accurate in warmer or colder temperature range.[Enticing but not addressing main conclusion – eliminate it]

Answer: D
Re: CR - sensitive biological thermometers   [#permalink] 08 Feb 2008, 23:36
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