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Something must be done to ease traffic congestion. In

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Something must be done to ease traffic congestion. In [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2004, 01:24
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (01:16) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 3 sessions
Something must be done to ease traffic congestion. In traditional small towns, people used to work and shop in the same town in which they lived; but now that stores and workplaces are located far away from residential areas, people cannot avoid traveling long distances each day. Traffic congestion is so heavy on all roads that, even on major highways where the maximum speed limit is 55 miles per hour, the actual speed averages only 35 miles per hour. So new businesses should be encouraged to locate closer to where their workers would live.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) Background that the argument depends on and conclusion that can be drawn from the argument.

(B) Part of evidence that the argument includes, and inference that can be drawn from this passage.

(C) Pre-evidence that the argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion.

(D) Background that argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion.

(E) Pre-evidence that argument includes and a method that helps to supports that conclusion.



Note: I dont have the official answer.
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2004, 05:45
I too go for A


Here's wht I feel -


The options mainly talk to 4 roles viz

1. Background
2. Pre-evidence
3. Part of evidence
4. Conclusion

These 4 roles can be distinctly observed in the para -

1. In traditional small towns, people used to work and shop in the same town in which they lived; - Background

2. but now that stores and workplaces are located far away from residential areas, people cannot avoid traveling long distances each day. - Pre-evidence

3. Traffic congestion is so heavy on all roads that, even on major highways where the maximum speed limit is 55 miles per hour, the actual speed averages only 35 miles per hour. - Part of evidence

4. So new businesses should be encouraged to locate closer to where their workers would live. - Conclusion

The boldface is on 1 and 4.
Hence A[/b]
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2004, 05:55
A looks fine.

The word traditionally is the key here. The last one is definitely a conclusion.
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2004, 15:12
A from me too..

Choice E says...'...method that helps to supports that conclusion.'

The last sentence 'So new businesses should be encouraged to locate closer to where their workers would live.' is already a conclusion and so does not fit into the second part of choice E.

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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2004, 17:06
I dont know this is a tough one for me. Id go with A, mainly b/c the second part states that its the evidence, which it is. Id like to see the official explanation.
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2004, 17:55
Hi

I would go for A. Explanation below....

The first bold face is the Background, somethings that starts the argument.
The second is the conclusion, because the 2nd boldface uses 'SO', similar to 'Hence".

Hence A is the right answer.
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2004, 20:13
hariom wrote:
I too go for A


Here's wht I feel -


The options mainly talk to 4 roles viz

1. Background
2. Pre-evidence
3. Part of evidence
4. Conclusion

These 4 roles can be distinctly observed in the para -

1. In traditional small towns, people used to work and shop in the same town in which they lived; - Background

2. but now that stores and workplaces are located far away from residential areas, people cannot avoid traveling long distances each day. - Pre-evidence

3. Traffic congestion is so heavy on all roads that, even on major highways where the maximum speed limit is 55 miles per hour, the actual speed averages only 35 miles per hour. - Part of evidence

4. So new businesses should be encouraged to locate closer to where their workers would live. - Conclusion

The boldface is on 1 and 4.
Hence A[/b]



Well, I may be wrong.

I broke the argument in a different way.

Conclusion: Something must be done to ease traffic congestion
Pre evidence: In traditional small towns, people used to work and shop in the same town in which they lived
Evidence: now that stores and workplaces are located far away from residential areas, people cannot avoid traveling long distances each day. Traffic congestion is so heavy on all roads that, even on major highways where the maximum speed limit is 55 miles per hour, the actual speed averages only 35 miles per hour.
Method that helps: So new businesses should be encouraged to locate closer to where their workers would live.
[/b]
  [#permalink] 23 Mar 2004, 20:13
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