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# Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people

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Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2009, 07:45
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Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom received unsolicited email advertisement; but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world. Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers. As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day. So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. Background that the argument depends on and conclusion that can be drawn from the argument.

B. Part of evidence that the argument includes, and inference that can be drawn from this passage.

C. Pre-evidence that the argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion.

D. Background that argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion.

E. Pre-evidence that argument includes and a method that helps to supports that conclusion.
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05 Mar 2009, 08:45
rampuria wrote:
Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom received unsolicited email advertisement; but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world. Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers. As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day. So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. Background that the argument depends on and conclusion that can be drawn from the argument.

B. Part of evidence that the argument includes, and inference that can be drawn from this passage.

C. Pre-evidence that the argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion.

D. Background that argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion.

E. Pre-evidence that argument includes and a method that helps to supports that conclusion.

What is the conclusion?

some thing must be done or so, Anti S regulations must be enacted to to stop unsolicited advertising

The word so and the logical order says that the latter is the C

Down to A & B, I will chose A as it more seems like the background than part of evidence.
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05 Mar 2009, 10:03
A with the similar explanation as by icandy.
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05 Mar 2009, 10:24
rampuria wrote:
Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom received unsolicited email advertisement; but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world. Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers. As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day. So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. Background that the argument depends on and conclusion that can be drawn from the argument.

B. Part of evidence that the argument includes, and inference that can be drawn from this passage.

C. Pre-evidence that the argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion.

D. Background that argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion.

E. Pre-evidence that argument includes and a method that helps to supports that conclusion.

Part 2 is the conclusion/inference. So, only A and B remain. The first part is not an evidence; it's a statement that tells us how things were in the past. So, B is out. A should be it.
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05 Mar 2009, 10:26
pls try once then only check the url below

t76282-cr-boldface
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05 Mar 2009, 11:25
Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom received unsolicited email advertisement; but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world. Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers. As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day. So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

My Explanation:

Premise 2: but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world.

Premise 3: Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers.

Premise 4: As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day.

Conclusion: Something must be done to stop spam.

Conclusion/Inference: So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.
---> Conclusion because it uses the keyword 'So'
---> Inference because the first sentence of the passage looks more as a conclusion than this one i.e., the second boldfaced statement.

On the basis of above info, we can eliminate at least option C, D & E. Now we have only options A & B left.

If we assume that option A is correct, then the second boldface statement should be the conclusion but IMO, the first statement of the passage should be the conclusion. Also, if you go through option A, it states that the first boldface is a 'Background that the argument depends on'. Do you really think that the argument (conclusion) depends on the first boldface? Had that not been present, we could have still arrived at the conclusion with the help of remaining premises. If anything, the first boldface should only act as a supporting premise.

------------------------
A. Background that the argument depends on and conclusion that can be drawn from the argument. ---> Explained above.

B. Part of evidence that the argument includes, and inference that can be drawn from this passage. ---> Explained above.

C. Pre-evidence that the argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.

D. Background that argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.

E. Pre-evidence that argument includes and a method that helps to supports that conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.
------------------------

So, by process of elimination, I go for option B.

IMO, the options are not worded correctly. Is it from a GMAT source?

Regards,
Technext
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05 Mar 2009, 11:29
Went with B as well.
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05 Mar 2009, 11:52
Technext wrote:
Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom received unsolicited email advertisement; but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world. Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers. As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day. So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

My Explanation:

Premise 2: but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world.

Premise 3: Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers.

Premise 4: As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day.

Conclusion: Something must be done to stop spam.

Conclusion/Inference: So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.
---> Conclusion because it uses the keyword 'So'
---> Inference because the first sentence of the passage looks more as a conclusion than this one i.e., the second boldfaced statement.

On the basis of above info, we can eliminate at least option C, D & E. Now we have only options A & B left.

If we assume that option A is correct, then the second boldface statement should be the conclusion but IMO, the first statement of the passage should be the conclusion. Also, if you go through option A, it states that the first boldface is a 'Background that the argument depends on'. Do you really think that the argument (conclusion) depends on the first boldface? Had that not been present, we could have still arrived at the conclusion with the help of remaining premises. If anything, the first boldface should only act as a supporting premise.

------------------------
A. Background that the argument depends on and conclusion that can be drawn from the argument. ---> Explained above.

B. Part of evidence that the argument includes, and inference that can be drawn from this passage. ---> Explained above.

C. Pre-evidence that the argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.

D. Background that argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.

E. Pre-evidence that argument includes and a method that helps to supports that conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.
------------------------

So, by process of elimination, I go for option B.

IMO, the options are not worded correctly. Is it from a GMAT source?

Regards,
Technext

Technext, you might be right, but what I gather from this passage is that the author is comparing the present situation with the almost spam free world that used to exist in the past. This comparison is vital for the argument, as without knowing how things were before, how would you decide that it's time to pull the plug on spammers.. So, I choose A.
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05 Mar 2009, 12:50
I too feel we are inferring instead of drawing conclusion.
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05 Mar 2009, 18:25
nitya34 wrote:
pls try once then only check the url below

t76282-cr-boldface
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05 Mar 2009, 18:28
After reading Technext's explanation, i also feel B shld be the ans. though on exam day, i would have chosen A.
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06 Mar 2009, 01:25
sanjay_gmat wrote:
Technext, you might be right, but what I gather from this passage is that the author is comparing the present situation with the almost spam free world that used to exist in the past. This comparison is vital for the argument, as without knowing how things were before, how would you decide that it's time to pull the plug on spammers.. So, I choose A.

Hi sanjay_gmat,

IMO, argument here is the first statement of the passage. If I’m correct then the comparison should not be vital to reach the conclusion (argument). I feel that we can reach the conclusion without its (first boldface) help too.

Let others share their thought on this.

Regards,
Technext
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06 Mar 2009, 02:06
Yes ia lso feel the same. If we remove the first BF and try 2 analyze the situation. Then still we can reachthe conclusion
Technext wrote:
sanjay_gmat wrote:
Technext, you might be right, but what I gather from this passage is that the author is comparing the present situation with the almost spam free world that used to exist in the past. This comparison is vital for the argument, as without knowing how things were before, how would you decide that it's time to pull the plug on spammers.. So, I choose A.

Hi sanjay_gmat,

IMO, argument here is the first statement of the passage. If I’m correct then the comparison should not be vital to reach the conclusion (argument). I feel that we can reach the conclusion without its (first boldface) help too.

Let others share their thought on this.

Regards,
Technext
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06 Mar 2009, 02:19
Ohh

post473413.html
post47029.html#p47029
post157318.html#p157318
ritula wrote:
nitya34 wrote:
pls try once then only check the url below

t76282-cr-boldface

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07 Mar 2009, 00:04
I'm curious about the source of the question; while I could find the question in a few threads with a web search, none mentioned where the question was from.

The argument does not depend on the first bold-faced sentence, which rules out A. Still, the second bold-faced sentence is a conclusion, not an inference. An inference is a specific type of conclusion - it's a conclusion that can be deduced from facts, requiring no additional assumptions. An inference is not a viewpoint or a policy proposal. As we all know from GMAT CR questions, conclusions can be weakened or strengthened, and they can be flawed or they can be valid. An inference is always true, as long as the facts are true.

From the evidence presented, you might conclude that regulating junk email would be a good idea. Still, that's a point of view; it's not something you can logically deduce from the facts. It's only a logically valid inference if you make many assumptions not presented in the stem (junk email must be cut down, government regulation will be effective, there is no other alternative way the goal of reducing junk email could be achieved). It's a conclusion, not an inference.
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07 Mar 2009, 05:42
IanStewart wrote:
I'm curious about the source of the question; while I could find the question in a few threads with a web search, none mentioned where the question was from.

The argument does not depend on the first bold-faced sentence, which rules out A. Still, the second bold-faced sentence is a conclusion, not an inference. An inference is a specific type of conclusion - it's a conclusion that can be deduced from facts, requiring no additional assumptions. An inference is not a viewpoint or a policy proposal. As we all know from GMAT CR questions, conclusions can be weakened or strengthened, and they can be flawed or they can be valid. An inference is always true, as long as the facts are true.

From the evidence presented, you might conclude that regulating junk email would be a good idea. Still, that's a point of view; it's not something you can logically deduce from the facts. It's only a logically valid inference if you make many assumptions not presented in the stem (junk email must be cut down, government regulation will be effective, there is no other alternative way the goal of reducing junk email could be achieved). It's a conclusion, not an inference.

Even I am not totally convinced that the second boldface is an inference. This option was the choice solely based on process of elimination.

This doesn't look like a GMAT question. Can we have the source rampuria?

Regards,
Technext
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09 Mar 2009, 09:45
We are wasting our time discussing this question. The stimulus and most of the answer choices contain major grammatical errors. At least one of the answer choices is incomprehensible. There is no point in posting garbage such as this.
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26 Oct 2009, 20:03
I dont think it's a garbage
One more evidence to choose B rather than A is that "relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising" is only a suggestion, so can be considered inference, not a conclusion.
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27 Oct 2009, 12:29
I must be thinking totally wrong since E looks best to me.

Rampuria, what is OA?
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Re: Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people [#permalink]

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