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Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his

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Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 23:04
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

70% (01:36) correct 30% (00:39) wrong based on 128 sessions
Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow.

(A) Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as
(B) Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as
(C) Muller’s career began with the unpromising apprenticeship of being
(D) Muller had begun his career with the unpromising apprenticeship of being
(E) the career of Muller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Expert Post
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Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 1742
Location: India
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Kudos [?]: 3028 [0], given: 890

Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began hi [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 23:15
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Concept tested: Modifiers, Meaning, Verb Tenses
Difficulty: 650
Illustration: Participial phrases, acting as opening modifiers, must be followed by the noun they modify. This mistake is committed in A and D.
In C, “being” is used as an awkward modifier which is never correct in the GMAT (however other uses of “being” is permissible).
E makes an error of verb tenses which is illustrated in the tip below.
B is the correct answer.

Tip. When perfect tenses are used, it is better to visualize a tense timeline. We know that the past perfect must have happened sometime before the simple past (which must be present in the sentence) and present perfect must have started before the simple present.
In E, the timeline suggests:
Mullers career is still going on (present perfect always signifies an action which started in the past but continues in the present with respect to a present tense in the same sentence), but rather than a simple present tense, the sentence uses a simple past tense “culminated” which breaks the timeline.
Hence E is incorrect.
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began hi [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2012, 00:16
souvik101990 wrote:
Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow.

(A) Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as
(B) Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as
(C) Muller’s career began with the unpromising apprenticeship of being
(D) Muller had begun his career with the unpromising apprenticeship of being
(E) the career of Muller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of


Points to note -

(1) Spanning more than fifty years - Present participle modifies not Muller himself, but his career.
(2) Non underlined part has Coordinating conjunction "AND" followed by "Culminated in" so the Parallelism in these two verbs has to be maintained.

Hence
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began hi [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 01:55
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A – Muller began X and cumulated in Y is parallel but not logical. I think it would be better to say Muller’s career began X and cumulated Y.
B – correct.
C – To say his career began with the unpromising appreticeship implies that this was an event, rather than an activity.
D – begun is the wrong verb form. Should be began.
E – ...has begun... is the wrong tense. His career ‘cumulated’ and therefore this event happened in the past and after his career began. Eliminate
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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 10:59
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souvik101990 wrote:
Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow.

(A) Muller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as
(B) Muller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as
(C) Muller’s career began with the unpromising apprenticeship of being
(D) Muller had begun his career with the unpromising apprenticeship of being
(E) the career of Muller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of



here is my OE

when I attack the problem thi first thing is to try to understand what going on, the meaning of the sentence, what the sentence are trying to comunicate to me. for me is the best way to tackle SC because is true that if you rely on meaning even if you do not understand completely the grammar in use CAN spot the right answer. Vice versa is NOT true.

here we can say to ourself: " what spanning ?? Muller or career ?? of course career. based on this we can analyze the question

1) is wrong based on the meaning that creee began NOT Muller

2) Seems good and also have the right idiom "apprenticeship as " hold

3) with instead of IN (notice in in the answer B) doensn't make sense at all and apprenticeship of being is wrong and ackward

4) had began indicate that start in a previous time frame but here we need the simple past AND apprenticeship of being

5) the career of Muller has begun with in sequence : wordy, wrong verb and wrong with...........

B is the answer

I hope is useful this explanation ;)
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Expert Post
MBA Section Director
User avatar
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 1742
Location: India
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 689

Kudos [?]: 3028 [0], given: 890

Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2012, 23:44
Expert's post
Concept tested: Modifiers, Meaning, Verb Tenses
Difficulty: 650
Illustration: Participial phrases, acting as opening modifiers, must be followed by the noun they modify. This mistake is committed in A and D.
In C, “being” is used as an awkward modifier which is never correct in the GMAT (however other uses of “being” is permissible).
E makes an error of verb tenses which is illustrated in the tip below.
B is the correct answer.

Tip. When perfect tenses are used, it is better to visualize a tense timeline. We know that the past perfect must have happened sometime before the simple past (which must be present in the sentence) and present perfect must have started before the simple present.
In E, the timeline suggests:
Mullers career is still going on (present perfect always signifies an action which started in the past but continues in the present with respect to a present tense in the same sentence), but rather than a simple present tense, the sentence uses a simple past tense “culminated” which breaks the timeline.
Hence E is incorrect.
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V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

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Re: Spanning more than fifty years, Friedrich Muller began his   [#permalink] 09 Oct 2012, 23:44
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