Stem: Everything is underlined. Yes, it is tinkered with
Formulas for cash flow and return on assets do not apply to small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are not often in equilibrium.
D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.
Why is ETS using (as to) , it sounds terrible.
Does the modifier refer to the entire clause?
As to sounds natural to me
There is a good explanation on As to in Kaplan
's Verbal Workbook.
what modifier do you imply?