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Studies of test scores show that watching television has a

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Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2012, 13:04
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58% (01:55) correct 42% (00:49) wrong based on 276 sessions
Studies of test scores show that watching television has a markedly positive effect on children whose parents speak English as a second language, as compared to those whose native language is English.

A. to those whose native language is English

B. with children whose native language is English

C. with those who are native English speakers

D. to children whose parents do not

E. with children whose parents are native English speakers
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has.. [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2012, 14:22
why not 'D' ? Can any please explain.
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has.. [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2012, 19:18
A quick vertical scan gives us 2 errors + a 3/2 split.
1. Compared to Vs Compared with
2. Elements being compared

1. Compared to Vs Compared with
“Compare to” refers to similarities, and “compare with” indicates both similarities and differences.
Here we are comparing people on-basis of English as Native/second Language So,compare with is appropriate.
Hence: A & D - out

2. Elements being compared
Here we are comparing children (whose parents speak English as second language) with children (whose parents are native English speakers)
B & C do not match this comparison.
Hence E.

Hope this helps.

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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has.. [#permalink] New post 18 Mar 2012, 21:54
E compares correctly. The pointers to be compared are of similar nature hence "compare with" and comparison should be between children whose parents does this and that.
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has.. [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2012, 03:43
Fraz wrote:
why not 'D' ? Can any please explain.


Hi,

Your comparing parents & not the children hence D is incorrect
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink] New post 26 Sep 2013, 09:53
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 13:17
Specifically to suggest why B and D are wrong:

First of all structure of comparison is important.

Watching television has marked positive effect on
------------------------children whose parents speak English as a second language
----as compared to
------------------------children whose parents are native English speaker. (this line balances the comparison)

Studies of test scores show that watching television has a markedly positive effect on children whose parents speak English as a second language, as compared to those whose native language is English.

B. with children whose native language is English -- though grammatically correct but we do not need this structure of comparison.

D. to children whose parents do not -- grammatically correct but meaning error is huge : to children whose parents who do not speak English as a second language... if not English as second language then is it 1st language or 3rd or 4th.

E. with children whose parents are native English speakers -- yes this one is right and precise not like D, which is open ended.
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2014, 06:35
arvindravulavaru wrote:
A quick vertical scan gives us 2 errors + a 3/2 split.
1. Compared to Vs Compared with
2. Elements being compared

1. Compared to Vs Compared with
“Compare to” refers to similarities, and “compare with” indicates both similarities and differences.
Here we are comparing people on-basis of English as Native/second Language So,compare with is appropriate.
Hence: A & D - out

-- Arvind.



Can the above be used as a criteria based on -- http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/when-to-use-compared-with-and-compared-to-t2071.html
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2014, 19:07
The sentence compares “children whose parents speak English as a second language” with “children whose parents speak English as a native language”.

A) “those” is ambiguous, we do not know to whom those refers to determine the two compared entities Incorrect
B) Compare “children whose parents speak English as a second language” with “children whose native language is English”Incorrect
C) “those” is ambiguous, we do not know to whom those refers to determine the two compared entities Incorrect
D) “children whose parents do not” is ambiguous. Parents who do not can be native English speaker or speak English as second/third/fourth language or does not speak English at all.  Incorrect.
E) Correctly compare “children whose parents speak English as a second language” with “children whose parents speak English as a native language”Correct

Note: GMAC never considers “compare to” and “compare with” as a solid basis to eliminate the answer choice. Thus, do not worry about distinguish between “compare to” and “compare with”. Your judgment should be based on the compared entities.
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Re: Studies of test scores show that watching television has a   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2014, 19:07
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