The purpose of the argument is to find an explanation i.e result of a comparaison (Jacob must have watched more television as a child than I did) to a present fact (Jacob is an obese adult, I am not an obese adult) based on a result of a study ( Studies show that children who watch too much television are more likely than others to become obese adults)
A. The hardware store on Main Street must have had a bigger advertisement in the Sunday paper than the hardware store around the corner had. The hardware store on Main Street sold twice as many items as the hardware store around the corner did last week, and a Sunday paper advertisement has been shown to increase the number of items sold.The purpose of this argument is to find an explanation i.e result of comparaison ( the HSMS must have had a bigger ads in the S. PAPER than the HSAC) to a present fact (the HSMS sold twice as many items as the HSAC did last week) based on a result of a study ( S. PAPER ADS have been shown to increase the num of items sold)
B. Studies show that large dogs lives shorter lives, on average, than small dogs do. Rex is a large dog and therefore might be expected to live a shorter life than Mustang, who is a small dog.The purpose of this argument is to predict an event on the future based on a result of a study
C.The county superintendent stated that all schools would be canceled for the day if snowfall last night were greater than six inches. Therefore, since the snowfall was only five inches, we must be following the usual school schedule today.The purpose of this argument is to explain the causal-effect of a general statement
D. According to research, people with unusual musical talent do not achieve their true potential unless they are given formal lessons. Therefore Jesse, who has achieved his full musical potential without formal lessons must not have unusual musical talent.the purpose of this argument is to find an explanation to an event occured in the past based on a result of a research
E. People who like vegetables also like fruits. Elizabeth does not like fruits, so she must not like vegetables either.The purpose of this argument is to predict something based on a general observation
Hence, A is the most closely parallels the logical structure of the original argument.
Hope that helps !
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